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Greek and Roman Mythology

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Greek and Roman Mythology A Review of The Principal Gods and Goddesses – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek and Roman Mythology


1
Greek and Roman Mythology
  • A Review
  • of
  • The Principal Gods and Goddesses

2
What is a myth?
  • A traditional story rooted in primitive folk
    beliefs of cultures
  • Uses the supernatural to interpret natural events
  • Explains the cultures view of the universe and
    the nature of humanity

3
In the beginning...
  • was Chaos (shapeless nothingness)
  • Chaos had two children
  • Night (darkness)
  • Erebus (death)
  • All was black, empty, silent, endless.
  • Mysteriously, Love was born of darkness and death.

4
And then...
  • When Love was born, order and beauty began to
    flourish.
  • Love created Light and Day.
  • Earth was created.
  • She was the solid ground, but also a personality.
  • The Earth bore Heaven to cover her and be a home
    for the gods.

5
The First Parents
  • Mother Earth Gaea (Gaia)
  • Father Heaven Ouranos (Uranus)
  • They had three kinds of children
  • Three monsters with 100 hands and 50 heads
  • Three cyclopes
  • The titans
  • These were the first characters that had the
    appearance of life, although it was unlike any
    life known to man.

6
The Titans (The Elder Gods)
  • There were many of them.
  • Enormous size, incredible strength
  • Cronos (Saturn) Ruler of the titans
  • Rhea Wife of Cronos
  • Ocean River that encircled the world
  • Iapetus Father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, and
    Atlas (also titans)

7
The Principal Gods
  • Cronos and Rhea were parents of
  • Zeus (Jupiter, Jove)
  • Poseidon (Neptune)
  • Hades (Pluto)
  • Hera (Juno)
  • Hestia (Vesta)
  • Demeter (Ceres)
  • Other Olympians include
  • Athena (Minerva)
  • Ares (Mars)
  • Hebe (Juventas)
  • Hephaestus (Vulcan)
  • Apollo (Apollo)
  • Artemis (Diana)
  • Hermes (Mercury)
  • Aphrodite (Venus)
  • Dionysus (Bacchus)
  • Persephone

8
The Olympians
9
Zeus
  • Roman Name Jupiter (also Jove)
  • Supreme god of the Olympians.
  • Fathered many characters in mythology

10
Zeus
11
Hera
  • Roman Name Juno
  • Zeuss sister and wife
  • Jealous protector of marriage
  • Punished the women Zeus fell in love with

12
Poseidon
  • Roman Name Neptune
  • God of the Seas and Waters
  • The Earthshaker

13
Hades
  • Roman Name Pluto
  • God of the Underworld/ Dead
  • Kidnapped Persephone

14
Hestia
  • Roman Name Vesta
  • Goddess of Home
  • Powerful Protector

15
Demeter
  • Roman Name Ceres
  • Goddess of the Harvest
  • A Goddess of the Earth

16
Athena
  • Roman Name Minerva
  • Goddess of Wisdom and War
  • Sprang from Zeuss head

17
Ares
  • Roman Name Mars
  • God of War
  • Son of Zeus and Hera
  • Bloodthirsty and merciless

18
Hephaestus
  • Roman Name Vulcan (Mulciber)
  • God of Fire/Forge
  • Son of Zeus and Hera
  • Kind, unlike his brother

19
Apollo
  • Roman Name Apollo
  • God of Light/Sun and Music
  • Brother of Artemis

20
Artemis
  • Roman Name Diana
  • Goddess of the Moon/ Hunt
  • Sister to Apollo

21
Hermes
  • Roman Name Mercury
  • Messenger of the Gods
  • Appears in more myths than any other character

22
Aphrodite
  • Roman Name Venus
  • Goddess of Love and Beauty
  • Sprang from the ocean foam

23
Dionysus
  • Roman Name Bacchus
  • God of Wine
  • Patron god of the Greek stage
  • A God of the Earth

24
Persephone
  • Roman Name Proserpina
  • Goddess of the Underworld
  • Daughter of Zeus and Demeter
  • Abducted by Hades

25
Hebe
  • Roman Name Juventas
  • Goddess of Youth
  • Cupbearer to the Gods
  • Restored youth to the aged

26
Eros
  • Roman Name Cupid
  • Young God of Love
  • Son of Aphrodite and Hephaestus

27
Iris
  • Goddess of the Rainbow
  • Messenger for Zeus and Hera
  • Daughter of the titan Thaumus and the nymph
    Electra

28
The Muses
  • Goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences
  • He is happy whom the muses love.
  • Nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne
  • Inspired artists of all kinds

Clio, Urania, Thalia, Melpomene, Erato, Calliope,
Euterpe, Terpsichore, Polyhymnia
29
The Graces
  • Three Goddesses of Grace and Beauty
  • They give life its bloom.
  • Aglaia (Splendor)
  • Euphrosyne (Mirth)
  • Thalia (Good Cheer)

30
The Erinnyes (The Furies)
  • Roman Name Furiae or Dirae (The Furies)
  • Three Goddesses of Vengeance
  • Tisiphone
  • Alecto
  • Megaera
  • They punish evildoers.

31
The Fates
  • Roman Name Parcae, Moirae
  • Three sisters
  • Clotho (The Spinner)
  • Lachesis (The disposer of lots)
  • Atropos (The cutter)
  • They weave, measure, and cut the thread of life
    for humans.

32
The Satyrs
  • Gods of the woods and mountains
  • Shepherd gods
  • Goat men (like Pan)
  • Companions of Dionysus
  • They like to drink, dance, and chase nymphs.

33
The Gorgons
  • Three snake-haired monsters
  • Medusa is most well-known
  • Their look turns men to stone.

34
The Centaurs
  • Half man, half horse
  • Savage creatures (except Chiron)
  • Followers of Dionysus

35
Sources
  • Graphics in this presentation were taken from the
    following web sites
  • http//www.bulfinch.org/fables/search.html
  • http//www.pantheon.org/
  • http//www.messagenet.com/myths/
  • http//mythman.com/
  • http//web.uvic.ca/grs/bowman/myth/index.html
  • http//www.paleothea.com/
  • http//www.entrenet.com/7Egroedmed/greekm/myth.ht
    ml
  • This presentation is for educational purposes
    only it has not been and should not be sold or
    used as a vehicle to make money.
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