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Greek Art

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Greek Art Chapter 5 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek Art


1
Greek Art
  • Chapter 5

2
Geometric Period
  • Very typical of this period were large funerary
    vases designed to hold votive offerings
  • Decoration was primarily abstract forms, flat
    patterns, outlined shapes that represent various
    human forms in poses of anguish.
  • Repetition used.

3
Geometric Orientalizing
  • After destruction of Mycenaean palaces, the
    bronze age disintegrated, loss of kings as
    powerful rulers. Also lost many art forms (how
    to construct tombs, citadels, frescoes, sculpt
    with stone) also lost writing and reading.
  • This was deemed the Dark Age of Greece
  • Depopulation
  • Poverty
  • Loss of contact with outside world

4
Geometric Krater, 740bce
5
Hero Centaur, 750-730bce
6
Orientalizing
  • More and more attention being paid to the human
    form/body
  • This period was influenced by Eastern works being
    brought in for trade, as trade was on the rise.
    Borrowed motifs from Egypt and Near East

7
Mantiklos Apollo, 700-680bce
8
Corinthian Black Figure Amphora with Animal
Frieze 625-600bce
9
Lady of Auxerre, 650-625bce
10
The 3 styles of Greek Sculpture
  • Archaic stiff body pose, feet together, and arms
    close to the body.
  • Classical more lifelike body, more natural form
    with movement, calmness, appearance of the
    contrapposto pose
  • Hellenistic evokes emotion, more lifelike
    detail, greater movement

11
Archaic Period
  • More sense of permanency, temples built of stone,
    not mud brick
  • The two orders were used (see handout)
  • Archaic statuary was usually life-size or larger,
    and painted. Most share an expression archaic
    smile. Possibly used to signify that the
    subject was still living.
  • Kore/Korai female youth
  • Kouros/Kouroi male youth

12
Kouros, 600bce
13
Moschophorus (Calf Bearer), 560bce
14
Kroisos, 530bce
15
Kore, from Peplos, 530bce
16
Kore, from the Acropolis, 520-510bce
17
Doric Ionic
18
Doric Ionic
19
Typical Greek Temple Plan
20
Temple of Hera I, 550bce
21
West pediment, Temple of Artemis, 600-580bce
22
Siphnian Treasury, Reconstruction Drawing
23
Siphnian Treasury Frieze from North, 530bce
24
Vase Painting
  • Athens was the main location for the production
    of vases during the archaic period.
  • Black Figure technique used as well as red-figure
    technique

25
Kleitias Ergotimos, Francios Vase, 570bce
26
Exekias, Ajax Achilles Playing a Game, 530 bce
27
Andokides Painter, Ajax Achilles Playing a Game
525-520bce
28
Temple of Aphaia at Aegina, 500BC
29
Dying Warrior, top (490 bce)west pediment of
Temple Aphaiabottom (480 bce) east pediment of
Temple Aphaia
30
Early Classical Period
  • Early 5th century, Greek city states united to
    fight the Persian Army, but defeat of Persians
    came after Athens was already destroyed

31
Architecture/Architectural Structure
  • Pieces from this period represent a time of
    transition.
  • Temples more compact, columns more spaced out
  • Pediment Statuary is more life-size and displays
    a variety of movement and action

32
Temple of Hera II, (closely resemble Temple of
Zeus 470 BC) 460 BC
33
Seer, from Temple of Zeus pediment 470 BC
34
Athena, Herakles, Atlas with Apples from metope
Temple of Zeus, 470-465bce
35
Sculpture
  • New concern to render the human form in natural
    poses that illustrate how a human usually stands.

36
Kritios Boy, 480bce
37
Young Warrior from Riace, 460-450bce
38
Charioteer, 470bce
39
Zeua (or Poseidon?), 460-450bce
40
Myron, Diskobolos, 450bce
41
Polykleitos, Doryphorus, 450bce
42
Kresilas, Pericles, 429bce
43
Athens Acropolis Plan
44
Acropolis, restored view
45
Parthenon, 447-438bce
46
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47
Phidias, Athena Parthenos (model)438bce
48
Lapith Fighting Centaur, 447-438bce
49
Three Goddesses, east pediment of Parthenon), 438
bce
50
Horsemen, detail from procession, Parthenon, 447
bce
51
Propylaia, 437 bce
52
Erechtheion, Porch of Maidens (caryatids),
421-405bce
53
Porch of the Maidens

54
Temple of Athena Nike, 427bce
55
Nike Adjusting Her Sandal, 410bce
56
Achilles Painter, 440bce
57
Late Classical Period
  • Arts continued to flourish despite the defeat by
    Sparta. Athens never regained their empire
    status. New art forms (mosaics) flourished as
    well as new styles (tholos temple)

58
Praxiteles, Aphrodite, 350-340 bce
59
Praxiteles, Hermes and Infant Dionysos, 340bce
60
Lysippos, Apoxyomenos (The Scraper), 330bce
61
Lysippos, Weary Herakles, 320bce
62
Polykleitos Doryphorus vs. ApoxyomenosThe
Scraper
63
Hellenistic Period
64
Altar of Zeus, Pergamon
65
Athena battling Alkyoneos 175bce
66
Dying Gaul, Epigonos, 230bce
67
Nike Samothrace, 190bce
68
Venus de Milo 150-125 BC
69
Seated Boxer 100-50 BC
70
Old Market Woman, 150-100 BC
71
Laocoon sons
72
Athanadoros, Hagesandros Polydorso, Head of
Odysseus, 1st century ce
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