ELEMENTS OF POETRY NOTES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – ELEMENTS OF POETRY NOTES PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 71964d-YmIyO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

ELEMENTS OF POETRY NOTES

Description:

Title: Poetry Terms/ Notes 9th grade/Pre-AP Mrs. Dodson Author: user Last modified by: Dragoo, Sandee Created Date: 1/6/2011 3:32:29 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:31
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: weeblyCom
Learn more at: http://languageofsuccess.weebly.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: ELEMENTS OF POETRY NOTES


1
ELEMENTS OF POETRY NOTES
2
BASIC TERMS
  • Prose any written text that is not in poetic
    form
  • Poetry art of expressing ones feelings/thoughts
    in poetic form

3
BASIC TERMS
  • Poet- author of a poem
  • not every poem has an author
  • Speaker- narrator or voice of a poem
  • every poem has a speaker
  • can be a fictional or non-fictional

4
AUTHORS PURPOSE
  • The poet has a purpose when writing a poem.
  • share/express feelings/emotions
  • tell a story- (fictional or non-fictional)
  • be humorous
  • convey a message to the reader
  • describe something

5
BASIC TERMS
  • Stanza- group of lines in a poem
  • resembles paragraphs
  • gives poems structure/organization
  • new stanzas often represent new ideas
  • Types of Stanzas
  • couplet 2 line stanza
  • tercet 3 line stanza
  • quatrain 4 line stanza
  • quintet 5 line stanza
  • sestet 6 line stanza
  • septet 7 line stanza
  • octet 8 line stanza

6
PRACTICE
  • Your World
  • Your world is as big as you make it.
  • I know, for I used to abide
  • In the narrowest nest in a corner,
  • My wings pressing close to my side.
  • But I sighted the distant horizon
  • Where the sky line encircled the sea
  • And I throbbed with a burning desire
  • To travel this immensity.
  • I battered the cordons around me
  • And cradled my wings on the breeze
  • Then soared to the uttermost reaches
  • With rapture, with power, with ease!
  • - George
    Douglas Johnson
  • How many lines in the above poem?

7
3 Elements in Poetry
  • Rhythm
  • Rhyme
  • Repetition

8
RHYTHM
  • Rhythm- pattern or flow of sound in a poem
  • gives poetry a lyrical feel
  • Measuring Rhythm
  • count the syllables for every word in
    each line
  • look for regular/irregular patterns
  • Ex. Whats the rhythm (syllable count) for the
    following?
  • 1. Union 9th Grade Center _____
  • 2. Dragoos Freshmen English Class _____
  • 3. Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious _____

9
Rhyme
  • Rhyme- similar repeating sounds within a line(s)
    of poetry
  • 3 types of rhyme
  • 1. Approximate Rhyme- when two words sounds are
    very close to rhyming but not exact
  • a.k.a Slant Rhyme
  • EX The sounds of the wire
  • Distracted my mind
  • Ex
  • 2. End Rhyme- rhymes that occur at the end of a
    line
  • EX How statue-like I see thee stand
  • The agate lamp within thy hand
  • Ex
  • 3. Internal Rhyme-rhyming words that fall within
    a single line of poetry-
  • a.k.a Middle Rhyme
  • EX The feelings of sorrow bring forth the
    days of tomorrow
  • But never should I remember the
    depths of December
  • Ex

10
Rhyme Scheme
  • Sonnet 65 by William Shakespeare
  • Since brass, nor stone, nor earth, nor boundless
    sea,
  • But sad mortality o'er-sways their power,
  • How with this rage shall beauty hold a plea,
  • Whose action is no stronger than a flower?
  • O, how shall summer's honey breath hold out
  • Against the wreckful siege of battering days,
  • When rocks impregnable are not so stout,
  • Nor gates of steel so strong, but Time decays?
  • O fearful meditation! where, alack,
  • Shall Time's best jewel from Time's chest lie
    hid?
  • Or what strong hand can hold his swift foot back?
  • Or who his spoil of beauty can forbid?
  • O, none, unless this miracle have might,
  • That in black ink my love may still shine bright.
  • pattern or arrangement of rhymes sounds within
    the words of each line
  • can be regular or irregular in pattern
  • identified by assigning a different letter to the
    alphabet to each new rhyme
  • adds a lyrical sound to poems

11
PRACTICE

  • Rhythm Rhyme Scheme
  • Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,
    ____ ____
  • Old time is still a-flying
    ____ ____
  • And this same flower that smiles to-day ____
    ____
  • To-morrow will be dying. ____
    ____
  • The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,
    ____ ____
  • The higher he's a-getting, ____
    ____
  • The sooner will his race be run,
    ____ ____
  • And nearer he's to setting. ____
    ____
  • That age is best which is the first,
    ____ ____
  • When youth and blood are warmer ____
    ____
  • But being spent, the worse, and worst ____
    ____
  •  Times still succeed the former.
    ____ ____
  • Then be not coy, but use your time,
    ____ ____
  • And while ye may go marry
    ____ ____
  • For having lost but once your prime
    ____ ____
  • You may for ever tarry. ____
    ____

12
REPETITION
Repetition- using the same key word, letter,
sound, or groups of words throughout a
poem Alliteration- repetition of consonant (non-
vowel) letters or sounds in two or more words in
a line. The repetition must begin the word.
a.k.a tongue-twisters Ex. My friend Mandy
will perform many new magic tricks. Ex. She
rarely sees any of her sisters from the South.
Ex.
13
ASSONANCE CONSONANCE
  • Assonance- repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or
    lines of poetry
  • EX. Lake Fate Base Fade
  • (All share the long a sound.)
  • Examples of ASSONANCE
  • Ex. Slow the low gradual moan came in the
    snowing.
  • Ex. Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet
    sleep.
  • Ex.
  • Consonance- repetition of consonant sounds at the
    middle or end of words
  • How are alliteration and consonance similar and
    different?
  • Ex. The man in the burgundy cumberbund ended his
    bland speech with a bow.
  • Ex. The snake slithered as it lathered soap over
    itself on the bathroom floor.
  • Ex.

14
Alliteration, Assonance, Consonance
  • The Baker boys in the band are going to play at
    the ball. (alliteration)
  • We should leave before we see the film and pay
    more fees. (assonance)
  • The two friends laughed although they were scared
    of the roughness of the storm. (consonance)

15
Alliteration, Assonance, Consonance
  • Cara wanted Derek to be crowned the campus
    football captain of Cedarville College.
  • (alliteration)
  • The young boy who had just been stung by a bee
    called Doug to ask him to help lug the equipment
    before the bug returned. (assonance)
  • The coach wanted his team to catch the ball
    before it fell in the ditch, yet it was fetched
    by the team that outmatched us. (consonance)

16
ANAPHORA
  • repetition of a word or group of words at the
    beginning of lines
  • It was the best of times, it was the worst of
    times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age
    of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it
    was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season
    of light, it was the season of darkness, it was
    the spring of hope, it was the winter of
    despair
  • Ex.

17
POLYSYNDETON
  • repetition of a conjunction throughout a piece
  • creates a slower flow/rhythm effect
  • Conjunctions- BOYSFAN
  • Ex We all lived and laughed and loved and left.
  • Ex.

18
OTHER TERMS ONOMATOPOEIA
  • The Fourth
  • by Shel Silverstein
  • Oh
  • CRASH!
  • my
  • BASH!
  • its
  • BANG!
  • the
  • ZANG!
  • Fourth
  • WHOOSH!
  • Of
  • BAROOM!
  • July
  • WHEW!
  • use of words that sound like the noises they
    describe
  • livens up writing
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vyxFz4ckU3AIfeature
    results_mainplaynext1listPL354E77B72E6A3D7B

19
Pun- How punny is that?
  • A play on words often meant to be humorous.
  • Often uses homophones (words that sound the same
    but have different spellings and meanings
  • Shakespeares writing often contains puns
  • Ex http//www.youtube.com/watch?vVEH3u2Qz4fc
  • I work as a baker because I knead dough.
  • A bank manager without anyone around may find
    himself a-loan.
  • A bicycle can't stand on its own because it is
    two-tired.
  • The butcher backed into the meat grinder and got
    a little behind in his work.

20
  • Two hats were hanging on a hat rack in the
    hallway. One hat said to the other, 'You stay
    here, I'll go on a-head.'
  • A small boy swallowed some coins and was taken
    to a hospital. When his grandmother telephoned to
    ask how he was, a nurse said, 'No change yet.
  • A chicken crossing the road is poultry in
    motion.
  • A dog gave birth to puppies near the road and
    was cited for littering.
  • Ex.

21
OXYMORON
  • Two or more words that are placed next to each
    other that are opposite contradict
  • Ex. jumbo shrimp buried alive
  • Hells Angels clearly confused
  • act naturally crash landing
  • pretty ugly living dead
  • Dodge ram civil war
  • virtual reality criminal justice
  • almost done cold sweat
  • blind eye butt head
  • awfully good bright night
  • bitter sweet boneless ribs

22
Oxymorons in Poetry
  • One bright morning, in the middle of the
    night, Two dead soldiers got up to fight. Back to
    back, they faced each other, Drew their swords
    and shot each other. A deaf policeman heard the
    noise, And came and shot those two dead boys. If
    you don't believe this tale is true, just ask the
    blind man He saw it too!
  • Ex.
About PowerShow.com