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Daily Life in Athens

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Daily Life in Athens CH 5 Section 4 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Daily Life in Athens


1
Daily Life in Athens
  • CH 5 Section 4

2
Chapter Review
  • What book tells the story of the Trojan war?
  • Someone who took power but had the peoples
    support?
  • The Olympic games were held every 4 years in
    honor of who?
  • Who wrote the first Athenian law code?
  • Who made sure the king stayed within the law?

3
The Athenian Economy
  • The Farmers in Athens planted olives, Grapes, and
    figs on Terraced hillsides
  • Terracing is carving small flat plots of land on
    hillsides
  • The Athenian assembly voted to send farmers and
    workers to set up over seas colonies
  • This led to the spread of Greek culture
    throughout the Mediterranean
  • Trade was the mainstay of Athens economy
  • Exported olive oil, wine, house hold items
  • Imported grain and other food

4
Imports and exports
  • An import is a good or service brought in from
    another country or region
  • An export is a good or service sold to another
    country or region

5
Athens buildings
  • Athenians built magnificent temples and other
    public buildings
  • However the people of Athens lives in simple
    homes
  • Most Athenians believed that money should be
    spent on buildings that benefit the whole
    community, not private homes
  • This very much reflects the thought of modern day
    America (sarcasm intended)

6
Home and Family
  • Most Athenians lived in sun dried brick homes
    that contained a court yard, living room, dining
    room, storage rooms, and kitchen
  • The houses had no plumbing so residents got water
    from a public fountain
  • Marriage and family life were important and
    parents would arrange their kids marriage
  • Girls married at 13 or 14 to men twice their age
    or older with the main purpose of having children
  • If they could not afford a child they left it to
    die, especially if it was a girl

7
Athenian Ruins
8
Home and family continued
  • Athenian Women were considered inferior to men
  • They were citizens but could not own property or
    inherit land
  • Even at home they were expected to stay in the
    background
  • women could only appear in public with their
    husbands permission
  • They took care of the children till the age of 6,
    managed the household, and watching the slaves

9
Boys
  • At the age of 7 they were cared for by a
    Pedagogue
  • Pedagogue is a male slave who taught the boy
    manners

10
Girls
  • Stayed at home
  • They learned to run a household but did not
    usually receive an education
  • Daughters of the wealthy did learn to read and
    write

11
(No Transcript)
12
Education
  • Most Greeks were poor and hard workers this meant
    they worked long hours and had little time for
    leisure
  • The wealthy men spent their time chancing
    physical and intellectual perfection
  • They engaged in politics, gossip talking with
    friends, and athletics
  • Their male children went to school which charged
    a small fee
  • The Athenian ideal stressed a sound mind in a
    healthy body

13
Education continued
  • Athenians placed great value on literacy and
    education
  • Boys studied reading, writing, grammar, poetry,
    music and gymnastics
  • They learned poetry by heart including Homers
    Iliad and Odyssey
  • Sophists are men who opened schools for older
    boys, at these schools they learned Government,
    math, ethics, and rhetoric
  • Ethics were taught about good and bad and moral
    duty
  • Rhetoric is the study of Public speaking and
    debating

14
Athens School
15
Military
  • At 18 young men received a year of military
    training
  • Men ones who could afford armor served in the
    army for a year as a Hoplite
  • Hoplites formed the center of the infantry
  • Poorer men who could not afford good armor served
    in the army on the flanks or rowing boats

16
Section review
  • What is carving small flat plots of land on
    hillsides?
  • What was the mainstay of Athens society?
  • What is the name of the male slave that taught
    boys manners?
  • How long were men expected to serve in the army?

17
The End
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