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Social Watch Philippines Monitoring Initiatives

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Social Watch Philippines Monitoring Initiatives by Rene Raya Ma. Luz Anigan Social Watch Philippines – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Watch Philippines Monitoring Initiatives


1
  • Social Watch Philippines Monitoring Initiatives
  • by
  • Rene Raya
  • Ma. Luz Anigan
  • Social Watch
    Philippines

2
Objectives of Workshop on Monitoring
system/initiative focused on the MDGs
  • To be able to appreciate/learn about the
    monitoring initiatives applied in the Philippines
    by Social Watch Philippines
  • To be able to reflect on national monitoring in
    the different countries and identify the gaps
    (the weak areas) and possible intervention of CSO
  • To Exchange/Present ideas for possible
    coordinated piloting of local monitoring in the
    participating countries

3
What is SWP doing in monitoring
  • Social Watch monitoring system
  • (with the five modules)
  • Quality of life monitoring
  • Tracking the MDGs at different levels
  • MDG local monitoring system

4
The SWP Local Monitoring System
5
  • OBJECTIVES
  • LOCALIZING the MDG Plus
  • To establish benchmarks for tracking
    accomplishments in key development indicators
  • To assess the operationalization of the
    Millennium Development Goals and Targets and
    other international commitments at the level of
    provinces and municipalities
  • To strengthen advocacy for adopting the MDG
    Plus as framework for local development planning
    and fiscal management

6
Content of the MDG Plus Module 1 SWP
Monitoring Template of Key Social
Indicators Module 2 Assessment of Special
Concerns (Thru Quantitative and Case
Analysis) Module 3 Quality of Life Index -
Trends Module 4 Review of Development Plan
Module 5 Analysis of Budget/Expenditure Program
Indicators ? Social Analysis ? Planning ?
Budgeting
7
The SWP Local Monitoring System
  • A. Basic Social Indicators
  • Demographics
  • Income Employment
  • Health
  • Education
  • Infrastructure
  • Shelter
  • Personal Security
  • Women/Children
  • B. Special Concerns
  • Social Integration
  • Gender Equity
  • Quality of Employment
  • Disaster
  • Asset Reform
  • Industry Profiling
  • Partnership with CSOs
  • Environment and Sustainable Development


8
SWP Monitoring Template
   
  • C. Quality of Life Index (QLI)
  • Three component indicators used to generate QLI
  • Under-Five Nutrition
  • Attended Births
  • Elementary Cohort Survival Rate
  • QLI is used for local poverty and capability
    mapping

D. Review of Local Development Plan Clarity of
framework and strategies Use of indicators as
planning guide clear targets Comprehensiveness
of situation analysis Poverty reduction strategy
identification of vulnerable sectors Inclusion of
MDG and WSSD commitments Gender content
E. Analysis of Budget/Expenditure
Program Analysis of sectoral allocation
Assessment of investment plan, budget and actual
expenditure in terms of responsiveness to MDG and
WSSD concerns.
9
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10
ETC
11
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12
ETC
13
ETC
14
The Quality of Life Index (QLI)/ Basic
Capabilities Index (BCI) Gender Equity Index
Social Watch use of composite index to measure
overall poverty and well-being
15
Quality of Life Index
  • QLI is an alternative measure of peoples
    well-being
  • It is a derivative of the pure capability-based
    measure as proposed and popularized by Amartya
    Sen.
  • It complements HDI and Income-based poverty
    measures
  • Index is composed of 3 Indicators with equal
    weights
  • 1) Capability to be well-nourished
  • Under-five nutrition status
  • 2) Capability for healthy and safe reproduction
  • Births attended by trained health personnel
  • 3) Capability to be educated be
    knowledgeable
  • Elementary Cohort Survival Rate  

16
Quality of Life Index
National Level
  • Philippines, 1999

17
Quality of Life Index (QLI) ?
Basic Capabilities Index (BCI)
QLI was adopted by Social Watch International
with a slight modification of the Component
Indicators 1) Under-five child mortality 2)
Births attended by trained health personnel 3)
Cohort Survival to Grade 5 Applied Globally and
found to be applicable for significant number of
countries and highly correlated to HDI, Food
Security, overall Health and Educational
Attainment.  
18
Tracking the MDGs From National to
Local Areas down to Households.
19
National Level Monitoring
Poverty Situation by Region, 2000
II-29.7
I-35.5
V-56.2
CAR-38.0
VIII-45.4
III-20.9
VII-37.4
NCR-7.6
CARAGA- 50.2
IV-25.9
VI-45.7
X-38.7
XI-36.5
IX-44.5
XII-55.3
ARMM-62.9
No improvement in Rural Poverty Situation since
1988
Poverty actually rising in ARMM, Central Mindanao
and Bicol
49 of 79 Provinces to miss MDG Poverty Reduction
Target
20
THE MDG SCOREBOARD Social Watch
MDG Targets Perspective of the Poor, Vulnerable and Powerless
Poverty r Unlikely
Hunger/Nutrition r Very Unlikely!
Safe water r Unlikely
Educ Participation hLess Likely
Educ Survival r Unlikely
Educ Gender ? Parity r Equality, No!
Child Mortality/IMR r Unlikely
Maternal Health r Very Unlikely!
HIV / AIDS ? Growing Threat
Environment r Unlikely
On Slum Dwellers r Unlikely
21
Quality of Life Index
Regional Level Monitoring
  • Bicol Region, 1999

0.532 - 0.600 0.601 - 0.700 0.701 - 0.800 0.801 -
0.642 Missing data
22
Quality of Life Index
Provincial and Municipal Level Monitoring
Guimaras, 2001
23
Elementary School Participation Rate in Palawan,
2002
24
Elementary School Participation Rate in
Brookespoint, Southern Palawan, 2002
25
Barangay Level Monitoring
26
Elementary School Participation Rate in Bgy.
Oring-Oring, Brookespoint,Southern Palawan, 2002
Back
27
Household Level Monitoring
A total of 76 children (6-16 year old) do not
attend school
Sample MDG Mapping at the Household Level
28
International Comparison
Proportion of population with access To Sanitary Toilets

Indonesia 55
Thailand 96
Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation
Percent
29
International Comparison
Burkina Faso 29
Ghana 72
30
MDG Local Monitoring System
31
Insert on GIS
MDG Local Monitoring System
Social Watch Philippines MDG Indicators
32
MDG Local Monitoring System
Capacity Building (MDG Monitoring and
Localization)
ENCODING and DATA Processing
FIELD SURVEY, Data Processing and Validation
PLANNING BUDGET Preparation
Preparing the MDG REPORTS
33
TWG Selecting the indicators
34
TWG Information System
35
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36
Enumerators Training for the MDG Survey in
Kiangan
37
Enumerators Training for the MDG Survey in
Kiangan
38
  • Monitoring Tools
  • Software Packages
  • DevInfo Database Software
  • GIS (Geographic Information System)
  • Free and Open Software
  • MDG Planning Matrix
  • SPSS and CSPro

39
DevInfo Database System
The Integrated MDG Database
40
DevInfo Database System
41
JagnaInfo A Customized Variant of the UNs
DevInfo
42
BoholInfo
43
Used also in NEPAL
44
Used also in AFRICA
45
The MDG Planning Matrix Designed by AER in
cooperation with Social Watch and the European
Union (For uploading in the Internet soon)
46
The MDG Planning Matrix Software

Municipality 
Goal 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty And Hunger
 INDICATORS BASELINE PROGRAM TARGET
1.1 Poverty Incidence (Proportion of households with income less than the poverty threshold) 1.2 Subsistence Poverty (Proportion of households with income less than the food threshold)
In 2003 24 of families were considered income poor 15 were living below the subsistence level See more poverty statisticsPDF See NEDA report on Goal 1
47
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48
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49
Software for Data Processing
50
CSPro Encoding Software
51
Thank You!
52
Monitoring Workshop Guide Questions
  • What monitoring initiatives have your group/s
    undertaken? (Share monitoring experiences)
  • What is the existing monitoring system of the
    government? What are its strong and weak points?
    What are the gaps?

53
Monitoring Workshop Guide Questions
  • 3. How do we design our own monitoring system--
  • Select the indicators which you think are
    relevant, applicable and practical
  • Given the current programs and concerns of your
    organization, what monitoring initiatives could
    be put/set in place at the local/national or even
    provincial level
  • What are the capacities and skills needed to
    implement this monitoring initiative
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