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Careers Medicine

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Careers Medicine Information Provided By: Georgia Statewide Area Health Education Center (AHEC) http://www.sowega-ahec.org/index PowerPoint Presentation By: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Careers Medicine


1
Careers Medicine
  • Information Provided By
  • Georgia Statewide Area Health Education Center
    (AHEC)
  • http//www.sowega-ahec.org/index
  • PowerPoint Presentation By
  • Juliane Monko Dr. Frank Flanders
  • CTAE Resource Network, June 2009
  • Based On PowerPoint Ideas From
  • Penny Howard, RN, Healthcare Science Instructor

2
A H E C
  • There are six centers in the Georgia AHEC
    Network, and each serves a multi-county region. 
  • The AHEC mission is to meet the health needs of
    Georgia by improving the supply, distribution and
    quality of healthcare providers.
  • AHECs offer enrichment programs, camps, learning
    tools, student counseling, volunteer and
    mentoring activity coordination, and access to
    other educational resources.
  • Contact your regional AHEC for more information. 

3
Objectives
  • Students will be able to describe health careers
    in the field of Medicine.
  • Students will be able to plan a healthcare career
    path in Medicine.

4
Careers in Medicine
  • Chiropractor
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
  • Physician Assistant

5
Chiropractor
6
Chiropractor
  • Chiropractors consider the central nervous system
    the key to maintaining good health. 
  • When the nervous system does not function
    properly, the human body is out of balance and
    may appear sick or in pain. 

7
Chiropractor
  • Doctors of Chiropractic (DC) take medical
    histories, perform physical, orthopedic, and
    neurological examinations, and may order
    laboratory tests.
  • When a diagnosis involves the spinal column or
    joints of the extremities, chiropractors make
    adjustments using their hands or instruments. 
  • They do not prescribe drugs and do not perform
    surgery.

8
Chiropractor
  • Work Environment
  • Salary
  • Athletics
  • Chiropractic schools
  • Health maintenance organizations
  • Hospitals
  • Private practice
  • Wellness organizations
  • Average Starting Salary  43,833
  • Figures according to 2006 data. To see updated
    figures, visit the SOWEGA-AHEC website at

    http//www.sowega-ahec.org/index

9
Chiropractor Academic Requirements
  • All chiropractic colleges require applicants to
    have completed three years of college and some
    require a bachelor's degree. Chiropractic
    colleges entail three to four years of study.

10
Doctor of Medicine
11
Doctor of Medicine
  • Physicians perform medical examinations, take
    histories, request lab studies, and order x-rays
    to diagnose and treat illnesses and injuries.
  • Also known as allopathic physicians and MDs, they
    are licensed to perform surgery and prescribe
    medications.

12
Doctor of Medicine
  • Other physicians work in research to find new
    ways to diagnose, control, and cure diseases.
  • Physicians with their own practices must also
    oversee personnel, payroll, billing and other
    business related functions.

13
Areas of Specialization
Doctor of Medicine
  • Allergy and Immunology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Colon and Rectal Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Family Practice
  • Internal Medicine
  • Medical Genetics
  • Neurological Surgery
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Otolaryngology
  • Pathology
  • Pediatrics
  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Preventive Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Neurology
  • Radiology
  • Surgery
  • Thoracic Surgery
  • Urology

14
Doctor of Medicine
  • Work Environment
  • Salary
  • Community health centers
  • Health maintenance     organizations
  • HIV/AIDS clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Indian Health Service
  • Medical schools
  • Military
  • Prisons
  • Private practices
  • Public health departments
  • Research facilities
  • Substance abuse treatment     centers
  • Urgent care centers
  • Veterans' affairs
  • Average Starting Salary 110,600- 162,700
    (primary care physician)       
  • Figures according to 2006 data. To see updated
    figures, visit the SOWEGA-AHEC website at

    http//www.sowega-ahec.org/index

15
Doctor of Medicine Academic Requirements
  • A four-year undergraduate degree emphasizing the
    sciences and liberal arts is required to enter
    medical school.
  • Some medical schools have early admissions
    programs, which allow more flexibility in course
    scheduling during the last two years of college.
    Medical schools also require applicants to take
    the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).

16
Doctor of Medicine Academic Requirements
  • Four years of medical school is required after
    receiving a bachelors degree.
  • Some schools offer combined bachelors and
    medical degrees training lasts from six to eight
    years. Students are accepted into this type of
    program directly from high school.
  • Physicians undergo graduate medical training
    after completion of medical school. This is
    called a residency program and lasts from three
    to five years.

17
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
18
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
  • A doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) performs
    medical examinations, orders x-rays and
     laboratory studies, performs surgery and
    prescribes medications to diagnose and treat
    illnesses and injuries.
  • They are also known as osteopathic physicians.
  • They emphasize the importance of prevention,
    diet, exercise, and environment in staying well,
    and the role that the musculoskeletal system
    (nerves, joints, muscles, and bones) plays in
    disease, illness, and injury. 

19
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Work Environment
  • Salary
  • Community health centers
  • Educational institutions
  • Health maintenance organizations
  • HIV/AIDS clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Military
  • Private practices
  • Public health departments
  • Research facilities
  • Substance abuse treatment centers
  • Urgent care centers
  • Average Starting Salary 110,660 - 167,700
  • Figures according to 2006 data. To see updated
    figures, visit the SOWEGA-AHEC website at

    http//www.sowega-ahec.org/index

20
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine Academic
Requirements
  • A four-year undergraduate degree emphasizing the
    sciences and liberal arts is required to enter a
    school of osteopathic medicine.
  • Osteopathic students must also take the Medical
    College Admission Test (MCAT) during college.

21
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine Academic
Requirements
  • Osteopathic medical schools require four years of
    study beyond a bachelors degree. DOs then
    complete a one-year internship covering internal
    medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, family
    practice, pediatrics, and surgery.
  • They may choose a specialty and serve in a
    residency program from two to six years.

22
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
23
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
  • Doctors of podiatric medicine (DPMs), also called
    podiatrists, are trained to diagnose and treat
    disorders and disease of the foot and lower leg.
  • These physicians can prescribe drugs, admit
    patients to hospitals, order physical therapy,
    and perform surgery.

24
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
  • Work Environment
  • Salary
  • Community health departments
  • Health maintenance organizations
  • Health professions schools
  • Hospitals
  • Long-term care facilities
  • Military
  • Private or group practices
  • U.S. Public Health Service
  • Average Starting Salary 80,303
  • Figures according to 2006 data. To see updated
    figures, visit the SOWEGA-AHEC website at

    http//www.sowega-ahec.org/index

25
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine Academic
Requirements
  • Colleges of podiatric medicine require applicants
    to take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)
    and apply for admission through the American
    Association of Podiatric Medicine. 
  • Programs require four years of study, which
    includes classes in anatomy, chemistry,
    pharmacology and pathology. 

26
Doctor of Podiatric Medicine Academic
Requirements
  • Students work at clinical sites under the
    supervision of certified physicians and
    podiatrists. 
  • Graduates receive a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
    (DPM) degree. 
  • Graduates then complete residency programs of two
    to three years.

27
Physician Assistant
28
Physician Assistant
  • Physician assistant (PA) provides both acute and
    routine health care for patients of all ages. 
    PAs practice medicine under the supervision of a
    physician, but can also perform independently in
    a variety of settings as well as work closely
    with their supervising physician in specialty
    care areas such as surgery.   
  • PAs perform activities such as taking medical
    history, giving injections, treating wounds and
    counseling patients.

29
Physician Assistant
  • Work Environment
  • Salary
  • Clinics
  • Community health centers
  • Health maintenance organizations
  • Hospitals
  • Medical colleges
  • Military
  • Nursing homes
  • Pain management centers
  • Physicians' offices
  • Prisons
  • Research
  • Student health services
  • Trauma centers
  • Average Starting Salary 68,096
  • Figures according to 2006 data. To see updated
    figures, visit the SOWEGA-AHEC website at

    http//www.sowega-ahec.org/index

30
Physician Assistant Academic Requirements
  • Most schools require a bachelor's degree and
    previous health care experience for entrance into
    a physician assistant program. 
  • A master's degree is the entry level education
    standard for the profession. 

31
Physician Assistant Academic Requirements
  • The program includes two years of classroom and
    laboratory instruction and clinical rotations in
    internal medicine, family medicine, pediatrics,
    obstetrics/ gynecology, emergency medicine, and
    geriatric medicine. 
  • Graduation from a program accredited by the
    Accreditation Review Commission of Education for
    the Physician Assistant (ARC-PA) is required.

32
Summary
  • There are a variety of careers available in
    Medicine. Educational requirements vary by career
    and career level. Students interested in these
    careers should use the information provided here
    as a basis for a career plan. The student should
    also research the career further to complete a
    career plan.
  • Career available in Medicine include
  • Chiropractor
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
  • Physician Assistant
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