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AP Human Geography

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AP Human Geography Northern Secondary School Toronto, Ontario Merilyn McKelvey Geography and Civics AP Human Geography Fairmont Royal York, April 2009 AP Human ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AP Human Geography


1
AP Human Geography
  • Northern Secondary School
  • Toronto, Ontario
  • Merilyn McKelvey
  • Geography and Civics

2
Writing and Reading
  • Why write the AP Human Geography exam?
  • Unit Review
  • Exam Format
  • Exam Reading
  • Sample Questions
  • Practice Exam

3
Quotes from Students
  • Im aceing my first-year Geography course.
    Were using the same text that we used in your
    class last year. Thanks a lot!
  • My university gave me a first-year credit
    because of my good standing on the AP exam. I
    now have more time to concentrate on my other
    courses.
  • Even though my school doesnt accept AP
    standings, I was much less nervous during my
    first university exam.

4
AP Human Geography Outline
  1. Nature and Perspectives
  2. Population
  3. Cultural Patterns and Processes
  4. Political Organization of Space
  5. Agricultural and Rural Land Use
  6. Industrialization and Economic Development
  7. Cities and Urban Land Use

5
AP Human Geography Exam
  • 2.25 hrs multiple choice and free response
  • 39,878 exams written in 2008
  • 112,500 exams in 2013
  • Credit accepted at SFU, UBC, Victoria, Calgary,
    Alberta, Saskatchewan, Brandon, York, Carleton,
    Guelph, Toronto, Brock, Ottawa, Queens,
    McMaster, Waterloo, Western Ontario, Wilfred
    Laurier, Laurentian, McGill, Concordia, Bishops,
    St. Marys, Memorial

6
Canadian Exam Statistics
  • AP in Canada
  • 17,000 exams written in 2012
  • 438 Human Geography exams in 2013
  • AP in Ontario
  • 137 Human Geography exams
  • 2014 exam Tuesday noon, May 13

7
Pass Another Pile
  • Follow the rubric!
  • Consistency checks
  • Readers, Table Leaders and Question Leaders
  • Sample Responses
  • Suggestions for Students

8
Suggestions for Students
  • Read the question
  • Read the question again, looking for
  • Stimulus material (graphs, maps, charts,
    diagrams)
  • Key words
  • Follow question structure when answering
  • Blank line between sections
  • Each question on a new page
  • Write legibly
  • Use key terms
  • Explain ideas and/or process

9
AP Exam
  • Multiple Choice
  • 3 Free-Response questions
  • 75 questions
  • 1 hour
  • Only one student out of 112,500 got 100
  • Marks for content
  • 1 hour and 15 minutes
  • No penalty for guessing

https//apstudent.collegeboard.org/apcourse/ap-hum
an-geography/exam-practice http//www.mrsgoldste
insclass.com/uploads/1/8/5/9/18597726/frqs_2000-20
10.pdf
10
Multiple-Choice Question
  • As an academic discipline, geography is
    principally concerned with the
  • nature and meaning of place names.
  • impact of the environment on human understandings
    and activities.
  • evolving character and spatial organization of
    Earths surface.
  • absolute location of places, peoples, and
    processes on Earths surface.
  • construction of maps that depict places, peoples,
    and processes as accurately as possible.
  • Answer C

11
Multiple-Choice Question
  • OPEC is an example of a(n)
  • Supranational organization
  • Commonwealth
  • Confederacy
  • International organization
  • National organization
  • Answer d

12
Free-Response Question 2007
http//apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repos
itory/ap07_human_geo_q1.pdf
13
Von Thünens Agricultural Model
  • The drawings reflect agricultural activities in
    the hinterland of a large urban area.
  • Apply the underlying principles of von Thünens
    agricultural land-use model to predict the
    locations of the activities shown in X and Y
    relative to a large urban area.

X is located closer to the city and Y is located
further from the city. 1 Point
14
Von Thünens Agricultural Model
http//jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/6/2/9.html
15
Von Thünens Agricultural Model
  • The drawings reflect agricultural activities in
    the hinterland of a large urban area.
  • Choose either activity X or activity Y and apply
    the underlying principles of von Thünens
    agricultural land-use model to explain the
    location of that activity.

16
Von Thünens Model
  • X represents intensive agriculture, higher-value
    land, perishable goods, accessibility to market,
    where the farmer can maximize profit
  • Y represents extensive agriculture, lower-value
    land, fewer perishable goods, less accessibility
    to market, where the farmer can maximize profit
  • 1 point for identifying the concept
  • 1 point for explanation

17
Von Thünens Agricultural Model
  • The drawings reflect agricultural activities in
    the hinterland of a large urban area.
  • Discuss two factors that explain why agricultural
    land-use patterns today differ from those
    developed by von Thünens model in 1826.

18
Von Thünens Agricultural Model
  • Changes to model since 1826
  • Refrigeration and food preservation
  • Improved transportation
  • Regional, global markets
  • Corporate decision making
  • Government policies
  • Agricultural products used for purposes other
    than food
  • Forests no longer occupy a zone close to the
    market
  • 4 points
  • 1 point for the identification of each of two
    factors
  • 1 point for each of the two discussions

19
Free-Response Question
  • In many cities in the Midwest United States,
    abandoned and dilapidated warehouses and
    factories can be found throughout the Central
    Business District (CBD).
  • Describe the processes leading to the abandonment
    of these facilities. What are the likely current
    locations for the businesses previously occupying
    these spaces?
  • Discuss at least two negative ramifications of
    the deindustrialization process that led to these
    kinds of urban landscapes.

20
Free-Response Question
  • Describe the processes leading to the abandonment
    of these facilities.
  • 1. Deindustrialization moving to where labour
    and other costs are cheaper
  • 2. Suburbanization
  • 3. Globalization improved transportation and
    communications technologies
  • 2 points

21
Free-Response Question
  • What are the likely current locations for the
    businesses previously occupying these spaces?
  • EPZs Export Processing Zones in Middle America
    and Southeast and East Asia where there is duty-
    and tariff-free production of manufactured goods
  • SEZs Special Economic Zones in China
  • 1 point

22
Free-Response Question
  • Discuss at least two negative ramifications of
    the deindustrialization process that led to these
    kinds of urban landscapes.
  • Unemployment
  • Loss of tax base
  • Brownfields
  • Racial segregation
  • 2 points for identification of negative
    ramifications
  • 2 points for correct discussion of ramifications

23
Practice Exam
  • Available online and in workbooks

24
AP Scores
  • Your score is a weighted combination of your
    scores on the multiple-choice section and on the
    free-response section. The final score is
    reported on a 5-point scale as follows
  • 5 extremely well qualified4 well
    qualified3 qualified2 possibly qualified1
    no recommendation

25
Reading AP Human Geography
  • June 2001
  • 17 readers
  • June 2009
  • 200 readers in Lincoln, Nebraska

26
1. Nature and Perspectives
  • Dorling Cartograms of 2008 Summer Olympics
    http//www.nytimes.com/interactive/2008/08/04/spor
    ts/olympics/20080804_MEDALCOUNT_MAP.html

27
  • Dorling Cartograms of 2008 Summer Olympics
    http//www.nytimes.com/interactive/2008/08/04/spor
    ts/olympics/20080804_MEDALCOUNT_MAP.html

28
1896 Games Athens
1912 Games Stockholm
29
Dorling Cartograms of 2010 Winter Olympics
http//2010games.nytimes.com/medals/map.html
30
(No Transcript)
31
Dorling Cartograms of Obesity in the United
States 1995 - 2008
http//hci.stanford.edu/jheer/files/zoo/ex/maps/ca
rtogram.html Colour shows of population who are
obese by state Size of circle shows absolute
number of obese people by state Animated.
32
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