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The Health of Young People

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The Health of Young People Workshop aims To determine what is good health for young people To review the developmental aspects that impact on the health of young ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Health of Young People


1
The Health of Young People
2
Workshop aims
  • To determine what is good health for young people
  • To review the developmental aspects that impact
    on the health of young people
  • To explain how social factors impact on the
    health of young people.
  • To determine how best to respond to HSC questions
    regarding HOYP.

3
The Health of Young People
  • What is good health for young people?
  • Do Australias young people enjoy good health?
  • What skills and actions enable young people to
    attain better health?

If so ?
Then what ?
4
What is good health for young people?
Students learn about Students learn to
developmental aspects that impact on the health of young people - revising roles within relationships - clarifying self-identity - developing self-sufficiency and autonomy - establishing a sense of self-worth - establishing education, training and employment pathways - establishing personal support structures - determining behavioural boundaries identify the relationship between successfully managing these developmental aspects and establishing good health think critically about how young peoples priorities and values relate to their health by considering questions such as - is health a priority for young people? - what would young people view as the indicators of good health?
5
Developmental aspects that impact on the health
of young people
  • Revising roles within relationships refers to
    the changing nature of the relationships young
    people have with their family, friends
    community. Linked to the transition to adulthood
    young people seek independence to establish
    power balance in their relationships with their
    family
  • Clarifying self identity is evident in how you
    describe yourself to others it changes over time
    is therefore dynamic eg a young persons sexual
    orientation may change over time (8-9 of young
    people will have greater sexual desire for the
    same sex La Trobe University)

6
Developmental aspects that impact on the health
of young people
  • Developing self sufficiency autonomy self
    sufficiency is the ability to provide for oneself
    without help from others achieving autonomy
    enhances self confidence, identity is a right
    of passage
  • Establishing a sense of self worth is important
    for good mental health family peers have an
    important part to play. Confidence in meeting
    challenges comes with the security of personal
    support structures

7
Developmental aspects that impact on the health
of young people
  • Establishing education, training employment
    pathways education training are important in
    establishing positive self concept esteem.
    Enhances health wellbeing. Changing nature of
    workforce means that students may be working in
    careers that may not exist at this point Gen Y
    Gen Z have different expectations than previous
    generations.
  • Establishing personal support structures give
    assistance in times of stress or trauma. Eg the
    family assist with financial, emotion, physical
    mental support. When personal structures fail
    young people turn to the community government
    for assistance support eg Youth Off the Streets

8
Developmental aspects that impact on the health
of young people
  • Determining social boundaries adolescence is a
    time for testing establishing boundaries of
    behaviour (eg drinking, driving, sexual activity,
    etc) often leading to long term consequences such
    as injury, disability, dysfunction or stress
    related disorders. Clear unambiguous boundaries
    protect young people from harm in rural areas
    where youth crime is relatively high curfews are
    applied as penalties to restrict the movements of
    young people at night there are few other
    consequences that can be applied.

9
What is good health for young people?
Students learn about Students learn to
social factors that impact on the health of young people - socioeconomic status - employment - education - gender - ethnicity - Aboriginality - geographical location - sexual orientation. - peer influence understand the diverse nature of young people as a group propose explanations of how each social factor may impact on the health of young people.
10
Social factors that impact on the health of young
people
  • Socioeconomic status
  • The health and wellbeing status of young people
    varied significantly according to socioeconomic
    status. Young people from the most disadvantaged
    areas were less likely to rate their health as
    excellent or very good, were more likely to lack
    social support and be victims of assault, had
    lower Year 12 completion rates and had death
    rates almost twice as high as the least
    disadvantaged areas
  • Of young people living in families, most (80)
    were living in couple-parent families in 2003.
  • Young people in couple-parent families were more
    likely than young people from lone-parent
    families to have an employed parent or one that
    had completed secondary school.
  • The vast majority (90) of young people were
    living in households that were not considered to
    be overcrowded in 2001.
  • One in three (34) clients of agencies funded
    through the Supported Accommodation and
    Assistance Program (SAAP) (agencies providing
    assistance to homeless people) were aged 1224
    years in 200405. For males, accommodation
    problems were the main reason for seeking
    assistance, and interpersonal relationships was
    the main reason for females.
  • Employment
  • The unemployment rates for 1519 and 2024 year
    olds were 12.5 and 6.3 respectively in July
    2006, compared with a national unemployment rate
    of 4.4.
  • Source Young Australians their health and
    wellbeing 2007

11
Social factors that impact on the health of young
people
  • Education
  • Most Year 7 students met the national benchmarks
    for reading, writing and numeracy (91, 94 and
    82) in 2004.
  • The apparent retention rate to Year 12 has
    increased substantially from 49 in 1986 to 75
    in 2006 and the proportion of those aged 1524
    years with post-school qualifications rose from
    23 to 26 between 1996 and 2006.
  • The majority of young people (85 of those aged
    1519 years and 76 of those aged 2024 years)
    were participating full time in education and/or
    work in 2006.
  • Gender
  • Life expectancy at birth has improved over the
    last 20 years a gain of 5.6 years for males and
    4 years for females. A boy born in 20022004
    would be expected to live to 78.1 years, on
    average, while a girl would be expected to live
    to 83.0 years, on average.
  • Between 199397 and 19982002, the rate of
    melanoma incidence decreased by 23 (from 7.6 to
    5.9 per 100,000 young people) for males and by
    14 (from 9.1 to 7.8 per 100,000 young people)
    for females.
  • Injury (including poisoning) continues to be the
    leading cause of death for young people,
    accounting for two-thirds of all deaths of young
    people in 2004. Transport accidents accounted for
    45 and intentional self-harm (suicide) accounted
    for 27 of all injury deaths. Injury was also the
    leading cause of hospital separation for males
    and the fourth highest for females in 200405.
    Transport accidents (largely motor vehicle
    accidents) were the most common external cause of
    injury for males and intentional self-harm was
    the most common cause for females.
  • Source Young Australians their health and
    wellbeing 2007

12
Social factors that impact on the health of young
people
  • Ethnicity
  • Research shows the longer a migrant stays in
    Australia the more likely they are to adopt
    unhealthy lifestyles
  • Cultural beliefs can impact on opportunities for
    physical activity, views about body image
  • Stress of migration and subsequent
    marginalisation on arrival can impact on the
    mental health of young people a lack of
    culturally appropriate services may exacerbate
    this
  • Cultural conflict (ideas and values) cause
    considerable stress.
  • Aboriginality
  • Young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
    people had higher rates of death, injury and some
    chronic diseases compared with other young
    Australians. During 20022004, the death rate for
    Indigenous young people was almost 4 times the
    rate for other young Australians, and the injury
    death rate was almost 5 times that of other young
    people. Indigenous young people had higher
    hospital separation rates for injury (1.7 times
    the rate for other young Australians), asthma
    (1.3 times) and diabetes (more than 3 times).
    Young Indigenous Australians were also more
    likely than other young Australians to experience
    health risk factors such as obesity, physical
    inactivity, smoking, imprisonment, and lower
    educational attainment.
  • Source Young Australians their health and
    wellbeing 2007

13
Social factors that impact on the health of young
people
  • Geographic location
  • A small proportion (2.3) of young people lived
    in Remote and Very Remote areas in 2005, however,
    these young people had substantially higher rates
    of death and hospital separation for specific
    health conditions and were more likely to engage
    in certain risky health behaviours than young
    people in Major Cities. For example, injury
    separation rates were 2.7 times as high as in
    Major Cities and death rates were 5 times as
    high. Consumption of recommended levels of fruit
    and vegetables declined with increasing
    remoteness, while the proportions of risky and
    high-risk drinking for short-term harm increased.
  • Source Young Australians their health and
    wellbeing 2007

14
Social factors that impact on the health of young
people
  • Sexual orientation
  • According to La Trobe University study, 8-9 of
    young people report to feel same sex attraction.
  • This may in part be sexual experimentation
    establishment of self identity
  • Homophobic attitudes may lead young people to
    hide their feelings lead to self loathing
    denial.
  • Evident in rural communities where stereotypes of
    homosexual people and construction of
    masculinity/femininity are definite.
  • High rates of self harm, substance abuse
    suicide among gay teenagers in these communities.
  • Peer influence
  • Both positive negative
  • Provision of peer network can promote security
    and good health practices
  • Negative influences result in pressure to drink,
    engage in sexual contact, passing inaccurate
    health information social isolation and
    alienation (bullying) increases the risk of
    depression and suicidal behaviour.

15
The Question HSC 2007
  • Question 23 (c)
  • Analyse a health promotion program designed to
    enhance the health of young people. Refer to ONE
    area of concern you have studied
  • To analyse this health promotion what must you
    do?

16
What makes you a HYOP student?
  • What are your areas of study
  • stress and coping
  • risk taking and road injuries
  • substance abuse
  • sexuality
  • violence
  • body image.

17
Whats missing
  • What skills and actions enable young people to
    attain better health?
  • building positive self-concepts
  • developing a sense of connectedness
  • promoting an acceptance and valuing of cultural
    diversity
  • developing health literacy and accessing skills
  • coping skills
  • social problem-solving skills
  • supportive networks
  • creating a sense of future
  • Social action

18
Better responses
  • demonstrated understanding of HYOP
  • applied the skills of critical thinking
    analysis
  • illustrated the answer with relevant examples
  • presented ideas in a clear logical way
  • showed knowledge of the HYOP syllabus through
    using specific terminology
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