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Lesson 17 Tenses of To Be AND Infinitive Used as Subject and Object Principal Parts of To Be Sum, esse, fui, futurus 1st 3 of the 4 Principal Parts - 1st ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tenses of


1
Lesson 17
  • Tenses of To Be
  • AND
  • Infinitive Used as Subject and Object

2
Principal Parts of To Be
  • Sum, esse, fui, futurus
  • 1st 3 of the 4 Principal Parts - 1st person
    singular (present), infinitive, 1st person
    singular, perfect tense
  • Stems
  • How do we form the stem of the verb in present
    tense?
  • To form the perfect stem drop i from 3rd part

3
Learning Targets
  • Recognize and know the future and perfect tense
    forms of the irregular verb meaning to be
  • Gain an understanding of how the infinitive form
    of a verb can be used in a sentence.
  • Be able to translate a sentence using a verbal
    noun.

4
Present tense of to be
  • Sum
  • ?
  • ?
  • Sumus
  • ?
  • ?

5
Future of To Be
  • Hint we use the word wIll when we talk about
    doing something in the future. The letter I is a
    key to remembering the future tense.
  • ero erimus
  • eris eritis
  • erit erunt

6
Perfect of To Besum, esse, fui, futurus
  • fui fuimus
  • fuisti fuistis
  • fuit fuerunt

7
Infinitive Used as Subject
  • Which principal part of the verb is the
    infinitive?
  • The infinitive can be considered a verbal noun
    (the form of a verb that can be used as a noun)
  • The infinitive, being a verbal noun can be used
    as the subject of a sentence.
  • Ex. Errare est humanum (To err is human)
  • NOTE the infinitive is not declined and is
    ALWAYS neuter (so any adjectives would be neuter
    as well).

8
Predicate Nominative
  • What is a predicate nominative? Give examples.
  • To have a predicate nominative in a sentence,
    what kind of verb must be used?
  • The infinitive, being a verbal noun, can be a
    predicate nominative.
  • Anything that can be the subject can be a
    predicate nominative.
  • Ex. To see is to believe what is the subject?
    What is the predicate nominative?

9
Infinitive Used as Direct Object
  • The infinitive can be used as a direct object
    (since it is, after all, a verbal noun).
    Again, it is not declined, so you do not add the
    accusative case endings.
  • Ex. She wants to go to the mall.
  • Servos liberare parat. (He prepares to free
    the slaves).

10
Objects of the Verbal Nouns
  • Servos liberare parat.
  • Being a verbal noun, the infinitive can also
    have an object what word is the object of the
    infinitive in the above sentence?
  • Another example Amicos habere est gratum. (To
    have friends is pleasing). What is the direct
    object of the infinitive?
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