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BELLWORK 4/16

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BELLWORK Read pgs. 557-558 and answer the following questions about Mussolini s rise to power: List three problems Italy faced post-WWI. Who was Benito Mussolini? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BELLWORK 4/16


1
BELLWORK 4/16
  • Read 557-558 and answer the following questions
    about Mussolinis rise to power
  • List three problems Italy faced post-WWI.
  • Who was Benito Mussolini?
  • Define fascism.
  • Describe the economic situation in Italy in 1920.
  • Who were the Black shirts? How did they help
    Mussolini?
  • How did Mussolini come to power in Italy?
  • THINKER List one similarity and difference
    between Fascism and Nazism.

2
Benito Mussolini Il Duce
  • Oldest of three kids mother was a Catholic
    school teacher and father was a socialist
    highly involved in politics.
  • Heavily influenced by nationalist sentiment of
    Giuseppe Garibaldi (even made a speech at the
    anniversary of his death!)
  • Mussolini was rebellious and was soon expelled
    after a series of behavior-related incidents,
    including throwing stones at the congregation
    after Mass, stabbing a fellow student in the hand
    and throwing an inkpot at a teacher

3
Benito Mussolini Il Duce
  • In 1902, Mussolini moved to Switzerland to avoid
    military service.
  • Here he became very active in nationalist
    movements and began to adopt his personal views
    (violence as a means of politics and
    anti-democracy/capitalism)
  • He became active in strikes and was even
    imprisoned for leading a violent strike in 1903
  • He was then deported back to Italy where he
    served in the military until 1909 when he became
    a teacher

4
Benito Mussolini Il Duce
A man of contradictions Religion Military Politic
s Marriage
  • Became active in the Italian Socialist Party and
    gained popularity in 1910 by writing his own
    anti-Italian government newspaper
  • Began to lead riots protests against the
    Italian war in Libya
  • By 1911, he was the most well-known socialist in
    Italy and had 100,000 followers
  • Eventually Mussolini was expelled from the
    Italian Socialist party due to his opposition to
    the party's stance on neutrality in WWI.
  • Mussolini later founded the Fascist movement.

5
Benito Mussolini Il Duce
  • Following the March on Rome in October 1922 he
    became the 27th Prime Minister of Italy.
  • After destroying all political opposition through
    his secret police and outlawed strikes
  • Within five years he established complete control
    and transformed the nation into a one-party
    dictatorship
  • Mussolini remained in power until he was replaced
    in 1943 and died two years later.

6
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7
WORLD WAR II DICTATORS!
8
Acts of Aggression
  • When each dictator was in power, there were
    specific acts that showed their aggression toward
    citizens.
  • Today, we are going to look specifically at each
    dictator and what they did to show their
    violence, hostility and anger.
  • As we talk about it, fill in the last column of
    your graphic organizer that we started last week

9
Mussolini
  • Act of Aggression Recreate the Holy Roman
    Empire.
  • Wanted to restore Italys power, influence, and
    pride by force!
  • People supported Mussolini because he brought
    order to the nation, solved unemployment and
    rekindled feelings of patriotism and nationalism.
  • It was the Italians destiny to recapture the
    greatness and glory of ancient Rome!

10
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11
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12
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13
Hitler
  1. Enabling Act (1933)
  2. Nuremburg Laws 1935 anti-Semitic laws that
    classified Jews and deprived them of German
    citizenship.
  3. Breaking the Treaty of Versailles (1936)
  4. Kristallnacht 1938 one night massacre of
    Jewish homes, buildings, and synagogues.
  5. Formation of ghettos Areas where minority groups
    are concentrated.

14
Kristallnacht
15
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16
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17
Ghettos
18
Why did people support Hitler?
  • Most people didnt know Hitler as a harsh,
    racist, violent dictator who prohibited
    individual freedoms
  • So why did so many people support him?
  • These questions will be answered in a short
    article.
  • As you read, answer the following questions in
    your notes
  • Be ready to discuss!
  1. Summarize how Hitler was able to maintain strict
    control over Germany.
  2. What was the Gestapo?
  3. How did the Nazis use fear to stop freedom of
    speech?
  4. Summarize Hitlers aims/goals as leader of
    Germany.
  5. How was Hitler able to come to power?

19
BELLWORK 4/17
  • Read about communism on the back of your red
    Russian Revolution worksheet.
  • Instead of answering questions on your bellwork
    paper, answer the questions on the worksheet.
  • Be ready to discuss!
  • We will use these characteristics to complete the
    Soviet Union column of the graphic organizer.

20
Stalin
  • Act of Aggression Great Purges
  • Persecution, imprisonment, and execution of
    government officials.
  • As a class, we are going
    to read more specifically
    about the
    Great Purges.
  • Answer the following
    questions on a
    separate
    sheet of paper.
  • Be ready to participate!

21
The Stalin Purges and Show Trials
  1. How did Stalin attempt to improve the economy?
    What was the result of this?
  2. How did Stalin use his secret police? How did
    they treat Stalins enemies?
  3. Who was Sergei Kirov? What happened to him? Why?
  4. Who did Stalin target in his Purges? (groups,
    people, professions, etc.)
  5. What was Stalins reasoning for killing
    government officials? (Why did he do this?)
  6. How did Stalin simplify the judicial system?
  7. How did Stalin get people to confess?
  8. What were the show trials? Purpose?
  9. Describe some of the crimes Stalins enemies
    were charged with.
  10. List three effects of Stalins Great Purges.
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