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Functional Behavior Assessment

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Functional Behavior Assessment What is the function of an FBA? Process for identifying The purpose or function of the behavior. The variables that influence ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Functional Behavior Assessment


1
Functional Behavior Assessment
2
What is the function of an FBA?
  • Process for identifying
  • The purpose or function of the behavior.
  • The variables that influence the behavior.
  • Components of an effective behavioral
    intervention plan.

3
The function of the FBA
  • A system for gathering data about the antecedents
    and consequences of specific behaviors,
    developing a hypothesis about the function of the
    behavior, and implementing and evaluating a
    behavior intervention plan.

4
Why do we need to complete an FBA?
  • Prediction of future problems
  • Helps with programming for the student
  • Better understand the behavior
  • Supplies data to write Behavior Intervention Plan
  • Allows us to have data to report progress
  • Tool when current guessing why approach is not
    working
  • Legal requirement

5
When do we need to complete an FBA?
  • When the student continuously exhibits
    challenging behaviors that probably will not
    improve and most likely will continue to
    deteriorate/escalate.
  • Is the misbehavior occasional or pervasive?
  • How does the behavior compare with peers?
  • Is the students behavior responding to typical
    classroom interventions?
  • Can you predict the behavior, are there special
    circumstances for the recent behavior, do you
    expect the behavior to naturally diminish over
    time?

6
When do we need to complete an FBA?
  • When what we are currently doing is not working.
  • The student or others are at risk for harm or
    exclusion.
  • Due to repeated and serious problem behaviors.
  • If the students behavior is interfering with
    his/her learning or that of others.
  • When it is legally required.

7
What do we want answered from the FBA?
  • Useful questions to guide the discussion.
  • What happened-describe the behavior
  • What happened right before the behavior?
  • Is there a pattern
  • What are the facts?
  • What do you think?
  • What does the student say? Ask
  • What part does the disability play?
  • What does the student get from the behavior?
  • What part do adults play in maintaining the
    behavior?

8
To summarize, an FBA
  • It is about the analysis of the relationship
    between the behavior and the environment.
  • To understand the reasons or functions for the
    behavior
  • Arranging consequences to promote the learning of
    replacement skills
  • Act upon the information and write effective
    goals.
  • If the students behavior is interfering with
    his/her learning or that of others, the IEP must
    address that behavior.
  • An FBA supplies data for appropriately addressing
    a students behavioral needs.
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