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Dissociative Disorders

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Title: Dissociative Disorders


1
Dissociative Disorders
2
Dissociative Disorders
  • Dissociative disorders rare conditions that
    involve sudden and usually temporary disruptions
    in a person's memory, consciousness, or identity
    (Split in consciousness)

3
Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative fugue a dissociative disorder
    involving sudden loss of memory and the
    assumption of a new identity in a new locale.
  • Dissociative fugue can last a day, weeks or
    months
  • Patient is unaware or confused about his/her
    identity
  • Journey from home usually occurs after a
    stressful event.
  • Person in the fugue appears to be acting normally
  • Usually diagnosed when relatives find the lost
    family member
  • Rare disorder less than 1 of the population
    experience dissociative fugue

4
Dissociative Fugue
  • Ex. John is a 30-year old computer manufacturing
    executive. John was meek and depended on his wife
    for emotional support. Johns wife announced that
    she was leaving him to live with his younger
    brother. John did not show up for work the next
    day, and actually no one heard from John for two
    weeks until he was arrested for public
    drunkenness and assault in a city more than 300
    miles from his home. During those two weeks, John
    lived under another name at a cheap hotel and
    worked selling admission to a strip club. When
    asked by the police, John did not know his real
    name, address, or how he reached his present
    location. He could not remember much about the
    past two weeks.

5
Dissociative Amnesia
  • Psychogenic (Dissociative) amnesia a
    dissociative disorder marked by sudden loss of
    memory with no physiological cause.
  • Memory loss is oftentimes of a stressful or
    traumatic event
  • Memory loss not due to a blow to the head or some
    illness
  • Many believe these memories still exist within
    the persons mind but cannot be retrieved
  • Memories may eventually resurface

6
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder (formally known as
    Multiple Personalities Disorder) a dissociative
    disorder in which a person reports having more
    than one identity. NOT SCHIZOPHRENIA.
  • No set number of personalities
  • Different personalities may be of various sexes
    and ages.
  • Personalities will speak, act and even write in a
    different way
  • Oftentimes two of the personalities will be
    opposite of one another.
  • Most have experienced severe abuse (mental,
    physical and/or sexual) as a child

7
DID
  • Go to other personalities because they did not
    have the incident happen to them.
  • There is no anxiety for them
  • The others may have high self-confidence, be able
    to do different skills.
  • Central Personality is usually unaware of other
    personalities, they think blackouts, amnesia.

8
DID
  • Cent Personality usually not remember for example
    3rd to 5th grade
  • Imagine falling asleep in 3rd grade waking up in
    the 5th grade.
  • Other personalities are usually aware of other
    personalities.
  • True Stories- Sybil, - mom schizophrenic, Women
    raped by guy she met at a diner, when taking the
    stand 3 personalities took the stand swore on the
    bible.

9
(No Transcript)
10
Herschel Walker and DID
11
DID
12
Personalities of Sybil
13
Personalities of Sybil (based on the book Sybil)
  • It is unknown whether any of the following were
    actual personalities of Shirley Ardell Mason.
    Some or all of them may have been invented by
    Schreiber for the book, either to enhance the
    story or protect Shirley's identity.
  • 1 - Sybil Isabel Dorsett (1923) a depleted
    person the waking self.
  • 2 - Victoria Antoinette Scharleau (1926)
    nicknamed Vicky a self-assured, sophisticated,
    attractive blonde the memory trace of Sybil's
    selves.
  • 3 - Peggy Lou Baldwin (1926) an assertive,
    enthusiastic, and often angry pixie with a pug
    nose, a Dutch haircut, and a mischievous smile.
  • 4 - Peggy Ann Baldwin (1926) a counterpart of
    Peggy Lou with similar physical characteristics
    she is more often fearful than angry.
  • 5 - Mary Lucinda Saunders Dorsett (1933) a
    thoughtful, contemplative, maternal, homeloving
    person she is plump and has long dark-brown hair
    parted on the side.
  • 6 - Marcia Lynn Dorsett (1927) last name
    sometimes Baldwin a writer and painter
    extremely emotional she has a shield-shaped
    face, gray eyes, and brown hair parted on the
    side.
  • 7 - Vanessa Gail Dorsett (1935) intensely
    dramatic and extremely attractive a tall redhead
    with a willowy figure, light brown eyes, and an
    expressive oval face.

14
Personalities of Sybil (cont.)
  • 8 - Mike Dorsett (1928) one of Sybil's two male
    selves a builder and a carpenter, he has olive
    skin, dark hair, and brown eyes.
  • 9 - Sid Dorsett (1928) one of Sybil's two male
    selves a carpenter and a general handyman he
    has fair skin, dark hair, and blue eyes.
  • 10 - Nancy Lou Ann Baldwin (date undetermined)
    interested in politics as fulfillment of biblical
    prophecy and intensely afraid of Roman Catholics
    her physical characteristics resemble those of
    the Peggys.
  • 11 - Sybil Ann Dorsett (1928) pale and timid
    with ash-blonde hair, an oval face, and a
    straight nose.
  • 12 - Ruthie Dorsett (date undetermined) a baby
    one of the lesser developed selves.
  • 13 - Clara Dorsett (date undetermined) intensely
    religious highly critical of the waking Sybil.
  • 14 - Helen Dorsett (1929) intensely afraid but
    determined to achieve fulfillment she has light
    brown hair, hazel eyes, a straight nose, and thin
    lips.
  • 15 - Marjorie Dorsett (1928) serene, vivacious,
    and quick to laugh a tease a small, willowy
    brunette with fair skin and a pug nose.
  • 16 - The Blonde (1946) nameless a perpetual
    teenager has blonde curly hair and a lilting
    voice.
  • 17 - The New Sybil (1965) the seventeenth self
    an amalgam of the other sixteen selves.

15
Causes of Dissociative Disorders
  • Psychoanalytic Perspective an extremely
    traumatic event has been repressed, resulting in
    a split-consciousness
  • Behaviorist Perspective Associations (Sybil-
    green, purple, dish towels, music). It is
    rewarding if you do not think about a traumatic
    event. Amnesia and DID results and is learned.
  • .
  • Note Many critics are questioning the existence
    of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Is it a
    legitimate psych disorder? Barrons page 188
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