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Title:

Dissociative

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Depersonalization - Derealization Disorder Dissociative Amnesia Dissociative Fugue Dissociative Identity Disorder Normal Dissociation Amnesia Fugue Partial DID ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dissociative


1
Dissociative Disorders
2
Dissociation as a Spectrum Disorder
  • Depersonalization - Derealization Disorder
  • Dissociative Amnesia
  • Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder

3
Dissociation as a Spectrum Disorder
Complex DID
Fugue
Poly-Fragmented DID
Normal Dissociation
Amnesia
Partial DID
4
The Nature of Depersonalization-Derealization
Disorder
  • Clinical Description
  • Primary Features
  • Depersonalization
  • Derealization
  • Impairs Functioning
  • Causes Significant Distress
  • Runs a Chronic Course

5
The Nature of Dissociative Amnesia
  • Clinical Description
  • Generalized
  • Unable to Remember Anything
  • Localized or Selective
  • Failure to Recall Specific Events
  • more common form

6
The Nature of Dissociative Fugue
  • Clinical Description
  • Memory Loss
  • Specific Incident
  • Go to Another Location
  • Unaware How They Arrived
  • May Assume New Identity
  • partial disintegration of identity

Fugue Usually Ends Abruptly
7
The Nature of Dissociative Trance Disorder
  • Clinical Description
  • Differs Across Cultures
  • Sudden Changes in Personality
  • often attributed to Possession by Spirit
  • may not be abnormal

  • Often Related to Trauma
  • Females gt Males

8
The Nature of Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Clinical Description
  • Formerly called
  • Multiple Personality Disorder
  • May Adopt 100 Identities
  • Alters
  • The Nature of Alters
  • Persons Identity is Dissociated

9
The Nature of Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Central Features
  • Host Identity
  • One Who Asks for Treatment
  • Attempt to Hold Alters Together
  • A Switch
  • Abrupt Change in Personalities
  • Usually Instantaneous

10
The Nature of Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Facts and Statistics
  • Average Number of Alters?
  • 15
  • Females gt Males (91)
  • Onset in Childhood
  • Linked to Extreme Abuse
  • Runs a Chronic Course

11
The Nature of Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Causes
  • Unspeakable Childhood Abuse
  • 97 of Cases
  • Escape Into Fantasy World
  • Become Someone Else
  • Do What It Takes to Survive
  • DID as a Means of Coping?

12
The Nature of Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Other Related Features
  • Suggestibility
  • Hypnotizability
  • Similar to Dissociation
  • Are These Related to DID?

13
The Nature of Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Abuse Controversial Issues
  • False vs. Real Memories
  • Do Therapists Plant Memories?
  • Can False Memories be Created?
  • Elizabeth Loftus
  • associative memory illusion

14
Treatment of Dissociative Disorders
  • Treatment
  • Dissociative Amnesia Fugue
  • Usually Improve on Their Own
  • Stress Reduction and Coping
  • Dissociative Identity Disoder
  • No Controlled Research
  • Treatments are Similar to PTSD
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