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Elements of Poetry

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Title: Elements of Poetry


1
Elements of Poetry
  • Notes

2
Alliteration
  • The repetition of the same consonant sound at the
    beginnings of several words of a line of poetry
    as a sentence.
  • The tool in which poets use to create music in
    poetry.
  • There will come soft rain and the smell of the
    ground,
  • And swallows calling with their shimmering
    sound.
  • (Sara Teasdale)

3
Allusion
  • A reference to something with which the reader is
    likely to be familiar, such as a person, place,
    or event from history or literature.
  • Allusions add extra layers of meaning and make
    poems richer.
  • She drank from a bottle called DRINK ME
  • And up she grew so tall,
  • She ate from a plate called TASTE ME
  • And down she shrank so small. (Shel
    Silverstein)

4
Exaggeration or Hyperbole
  • The obvious stretching of the truth.
  • Poets Sometimes have to stretch the truth to get
    their point across or to make people laugh.
  • Red, black or orange,
  • Yellow or white,
  • We all look the same
  • When we turn off the light.
  • So maybe the way
  • To make everything right
  • Is for God to just reach out
  • And turn off the light.
  • (Shel Silverstein)

5
Free Verse
  • Poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme,
    meter, or form.
  • Poets use free verse to create lines as short as
    a breath, to make a reader stop and pause, and to
    create musical sounds and phrases.
  • Let the rain kiss you.
  • Let the rain beat upon your head with silver
    liquid drops.
  • Let the rain sing you a lullaby.
  • And I love the rain.
  • (Langston Hughes)

6
Idiom
  • Common phrases made up of words that cant be
    understood by their literal, or ordinary,
    meanings.
  • Raining cats and dogs -- raining very hard
  • Lay it on thick -- exaggerate
  • Pass the buck give someone else the blame
  • Poets use idioms to reflect the way people talk
    in everyday life.
  • Please swallow your pride if I have things things
    you need to borrow,
  • For no one can fill those of your needs that you
    wont let show.
  • (Bill WHilhere)

7
Imagery
  • Language that appeals to the five senses, touch,
    taste, smell, hearing, and sight.
  • Poets use imagery to present objects, express
    ideas, or describe feelings and scenes. Imagery
    creates pictures in your mind that will stir your
    emotions.
  • Im the sailor and the sail
  • Im the driver and the wheel
  • Im the one and only engine human auto mobile.
  • (Lillian Morrison)

8
Lyric Poems
  • A short poem that directly expresses the poets
    thoughts and emotions in a musical way.
  • O my luve is like a red, red, rose,
  • Thats newly sprung in June.
  • O. My luve is like the melodie,
  • Thats sweetly playd in tune.
  • (Robert Brune)

9
Metaphor
  • A direct comparison between two unlike things,
    without using like or as.
  • The fog comes
  • on little cat feet
  • It sits looking
  • over harbor and city
  • on silent haunches
  • and then moves on.
  • (Carl Sandburg)

10
Mood
  • The feeling created in the reader by a poem or
    story. Words, phrases, repetition, rhyme, and
    exaggeration all work together to create mood.
  • It may be dark and mysterious for a scary poem or
    cheerful and peaceful for a poem about a Spring
    day.
  • Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered,
    weak and weary,
  • Over many a quaint and curious volume of
    forgotten lore,
  • While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there
    came a tapping.

11
Narrative Poems
  • A poem that tells a story. They will have all
    the elements of a short story character,
    setting, conflict, and plot.

12
Onomatopoeia
  • The use of words that sound like the noises they
    decribe. Words like hiss, bang, and buss are
    powerful.
  • Writers use onomatopoeia to add a little fun and
    power to the words they use.
  • Susies galoshes
  • Make splishes and sploshes
  • And slooshes and sloshes
  • As Susie steps slowly
  • Along in the slush
  • (Rhoda Bacmister)

13
Personification
  • Type of figurative language in which writers give
    an animal, object, or idea human qualities, such
    as the ability to hear, feel, talk, and make
    decisions.
  • Writers use personification to emphasize
    something in a new way or to make it stand out.
  • Summer grass aches and whispers
  • It wants something it calls and sings it pours
  • out wishes to the overhead stars.
  • The rain hears the rain answers the rain is
    slow coming
  • the rain wets the face of the grass.

14
Repetition
  • Means to repeat something. It is the use of any
    element of language -- a sound, word, phrase or
    sentence used more than once.
  • Helps add a sense of rhythm to poem
  • Creates suspense or adds humor or music
  • Emphasizes meaning

15
Rhyme
  • The repetition of similar sounds. End rhyme is
    the repetition of similar sounds at the end of
    the lines of poetry.
  • Rhyme adds a musical quality to poetry.
  • There are three common schemes.
  • Couplets two-line poems that match in rhyme and
    length
  • Triplets three-line poems that often rhyme
  • Quantrains four line poems that rhyme.

16
Rhyme Scheme
  • The rhyming sounds at the end of each line of
    poetry. The first one is represented by a lower
    case a, the next by b, the third by c, and
    so on.
  • Some people wish their lives away a
  • And some people say, If only I would b
  • Some endlessly, ceaselessly play a
  • And some people never do what they could. b

17
Simile
  • A comparison between two unlike things using the
    words like and as.
  • Writers can create a strong memorable image and
    uncover similarities between things that may
    otherwise go unnoticed.
  • The willow is like and etching
  • Fine-lines against the sky.
  • The ginkgo is like a crude sketch,
  • Hardly worthy to be signed.

18
Form, Lines, Stanzas
  • Form The way a poem is arranged on a page
  • Lines - Poems are made up of lines which may or
    may not be sentences.
  • Stanza - A group of lines in a poem set off by
    blank lines. It usually develops one idea.
    Something like a paragraph in a prose.
  • A man of words and not of deeds
  • Is like a garden full of weeds
  • Rain , rain, go away
  • Come again another day

19
Symbol
  • Something that stands for something else.
  • A symbol is always itself, but it also suggests
    another means.
  • This is my rock,
  • And here I run
  • To steal the secret of the sun
  • This is my rock,
  • And here come I
  • Before the night has swept the sky
  • Rock represents something solid, safe and strong.
  • Night represents darkness, even our fears.

20
Tone and Voice
  • Tone The attitude the writer takes toward the
    audience, the subject, or a character.
  • Voice or speaker is the character or
    perspective that is taken on by a writer or poet.
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