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Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position Statement

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Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position Statement Background (1) UK Government has set ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and producing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position Statement


1
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement
2
Background (1)
  • UK Government has set ambitious targets for
    reducing greenhouse gas emissions and producing
    power from renewable sources.
  • Reduce dependency on fossil fuels.
  • Forest of Bowland AONB has not been identified as
    an exempt area.

3
Background(2)
  • Some fundamentals
  • The AONBs landscape will be affected by climate
    change.
  • The AONB covers nearly a third of Lancashire and
    is rich in renewable resources, particularly
    wind. Lancashire will struggle to meet its
    climate change obligations and targets if such a
    large area of the County is excluded.
  • The AONB should play its part in reducing
  • greenhouse gas emissions through, inter alia
  • renewable energy schemes.
  • The AONB will be increasingly targeted by
  • renewable energy developers.

4
Planning Policy(1)
  • Planning Policy Statement 7 Sustainable
    Development in Rural Areas Nationally
    designated areas comprising...Areas of
    Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), have been
    confirmed by the Government as having the highest
    status of protection in relation to landscape and
    scenic beauty. The conservation of the natural
    beauty of the landscape and countryside should
    therefore be given great weight in planning
    policies and development control decisions in
    these areas
  • Major developments should not take place in
    these designated areas, except in exceptional
    circumstances.
  • Planning Policy Statement 22 Renewable Energy
  • Small-scale developments should be permitted
    within areas such as...Areas of Outstanding
    Natural Beauty...provided that there is no
    significant environmental detriment to the area
    concerned

5
Planning Policy(2)
  • In sites with nationally recognised
    designations...(Areas of Outstanding Natural
    Beauty...) planning permission for renewable
    energy projects should only be granted where it
    can be demonstrated that the objectives of
    designation of the area will not be compromised
    by the development, and any significant adverse
    effects on the qualities for which the area has
    been designated are clearly outweighed by the
    environmental, social and economic benefits.
  • Regional Spatial Strategy
  • Policy EM17 Renewable Energy advises that
    within nationally recognised designations small
    scale developments may be acceptable provided
    there is no significant environmental detriment.

6
European Landscape Convention
  • The European Landscape Convention (ELC) considers
    and promotes an integrated approach when dealing
    with the landscape and provides an international
    context for landscape, placing this important
    resource alongside biodiversity and cultural
    heritage.
  • The ELC promotes landscape protection, management
    and planning. In addition member states are
    required to, inter alia, acknowledge and
    recognise landscape as a key element of
    individual and social well-being and the
    important part it plays in the quality of life
    for people.

7
Forest of Bowland AONB Management Plan April
2009 March 2014
  • The document provides a policy framework
  • and identifies a 5-year programme of actions
  • to help guide the work of the AONB
  • partnership organisations towards achieving
  • the purpose of this plan - to conserve and
    enhance the natural and cultural beauty of the
    Forest of Bowland landscape.
  • Chapter 19, Responding to Climate Change
  • Establish and promote the AONB as a place of
    best practice in responding to climate change.

8
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (1)
  • What is it?
  • A positive document which recognises the
    challenges
  • of responding to climate change and accepts that
    the
  • AONB has a role to play in tackling this
    problem.
  • It sets out the Forest of Bowland AONB Joint
    Advisory Committee's position with regard to the
    siting of renewable energy developments, both
    within and adjacent to the boundaries of the
    AONB.
  • It provides guidance on the different types of
    renewable energy generation, the differing
    scales of development and issues relating to
    siting.

9
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (2)
  • It is envisaged that the position statement will
    be used to inform planning policy development,
    supplementary planning guidance, strategies,
    design guides and assist in the determination of
    planning applications submitted to the planning
    departments of local authorities in the AONB
    partnership.
  • The document is also intended to offer advice to
    potential developers, and any business, community
    or resident who is seeking to install micro or
    small scale renewable systems within the Forest
    of Bowland AONB.

10
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy
Position Statement (3)
  • Where does the position statement fit in the
    scheme of things?
  • NOT a statutory document.
  • NOT part of the statutory Development Plan.
  • Sits alongside and should be read in conjunction
    with
  • Forest of Bowland AONB Management Plan (statutory
    document).
  • Forest of Bowland AONB Landscape Character
    Assessment.
  • Landscape Sensitivity to Wind Energy Development
    in Lancashire.
  • A Landscape Strategy for Lancashire.
  • Landscape and Heritage Supplementary Planning
    Guidance.

11
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (4)
  • This guidance is for micro and small scale
    schemes only as the Forest of Bowland AONB Joint
    Advisory Committee will object to all plans to
    develop medium and large scale renewable energy
    schemes.
  • Renewable energy
  • Electricity
  • Generated by hydro systems (water),
    photovoltaics (solar) and by wind turbines.
  • Heat generation
  • Heat can be generated via the burning of wood
    fuel and other biomass products, using anaerobic
    digestion, solar thermal and by using underground
    water and air source heat pumps.

12
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (5)
  • Renewable energy typology

13
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (6)
  • Why object to medium and large scale renewable
    energy development?
  • The Forest of Bowland AONB Joint Advisory
    Committee considers that medium to large scale
    renewable energy development is not appropriate
    within the Forest of Bowland AONB (or in
    locations beyond the boundary where development
    would affect its setting and character) as it has
    significant potential to adversely affect the
    natural beauty of the AONB and to compromise the
    purpose of the statutory designation.

14
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (7)
  • A practical study wind energy development
  • Landscape sensitivity

15
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (7)
  • Landscape characteristics which indicate that
    medium and large scale wind energy development
    would not be appropriate for the AONB include
  • considerable sense of remoteness/wildness.
  • the highest levels of landscape tranquillity in
    Lancashire (ref. CPRE).
  • scarcity of this type of landscape
    character/experience.
  • landscape complexity incised cloughs
    contrasting with moorland plateaux.
  • the area provides important backdrops to many
    areas.
  • high landscape values nationally designated
    landscape, cultural landscape, recreational uses,
    tourism.

16
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (8)
  • Potential visibility 20km radius

17
Forest of Bowland AONB Renewable Energy Position
Statement (9)
  • Appropriate for the natural beauty of the AONB?
  • Compromise the purpose of the statutory
    designation?

18
Thinking further ahead
  • Wind energy is a rapidly developing industry.
  • Wind turbines and wind farms are getting much
    larger greatly increasing the area over which
    significant landscape and visual impacts could
    occur.
  • There is a trend towards repowering of existing
    sites too.
  • Enercon E-126 wind turbine 198m high (almost
    twice the height of Scout Moor wind turbines!)
  • Markbygden Wind Farm, Sweden.
  • 1101 wind turbines, 450km² site area

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