Equine Dentistry The importance of proper equine dental care - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Equine Dentistry The importance of proper equine dental care PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 71065c-ZDIxN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Equine Dentistry The importance of proper equine dental care

Description:

Equine Dentistry The ... Short, square brachydont teeth Diet of succulent forage Five toes From Ancient to Modern Horse Evolved/adapted to live on grasslands Began in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:61
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: WSV4
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Equine Dentistry The importance of proper equine dental care


1
Equine Dentistry The importance of proper equine
dental care
2
The Basics of Horse Anatomy
Oral Anatomy Equine Chewing Cycle Age-Related
Facts
3
From Ancient to Modern Horse
  • Horses were forest animals
  • 55 million years ago (Eohippus-the dawn horse)
  • Small (50 lbs)
  • Short, square brachydont teeth
  • Diet of succulent forage
  • Five toes

4
From Ancient to Modern Horse
  • Evolved/adapted to live on grasslands
  • Began in North America
  • 32 extinct genera
  • 150 species of fossil horses
  • 4.5 million years ago, now a single toe
  • Reintroduced to North America 16th century

5
Modern Horse
Skull of a draft horse
6
Oral Anatomy
  • Equine tooth made of
  • Cementum
  • Dentin
  • Enamel
  • Allows tooth to be self-sharpening
  • Each arcade has
  • 3 incisors, 3 premolars, 3 molars
  • May have one canine
  • May have one vestigial pre-molar (wolf tooth)

7
Oral Anatomy
  • Abrasive foodstuffs.
  • Long crowned teeth.
  • All cheek teeth molar-like.

8
Eruption Times of Equine Teeth
  • At birth, foals face cannot accommodate full
    complement of teeth.
  • 3 deciduous incisors erupt starting from the
    center at 7 days, 7 weeks and 7 months.
  • All 12 deciduous premolars present at birth or
    erupt soon after.
  • Molars do not have a deciduous precursor.
  • Molars erupt at 1, 2 and 3.5 years.

9
Eruption Times of Equine Teeth
  • Permanent incisors (center to corner) replace
    their deciduous precursors at
  • 2.5 years
  • 3.5 years
  • 4.5 years
  • Deciduous premolars are replaced at
  • 2.5 years
  • 2 years, 8 months
  • 3 years, 8 months

10
Eruption Times of Equine Teeth
  • In 2 years, 24 deciduous teeth are replaced by
    permanent counterparts.
  • Scrutiny of the horses mouth is important during
    this time.

11
Eruption Times of Equine Teeth
  • Canines (fighting teeth) usually erupt at 4 6
    years in males. Often absent or rudimentary in
    mares.
  • Wolf teeth (vestigial 1st premolars) usually
    erupt at 6-12 months of age.
  • Neither of these teeth serve a purpose in
    chewing.

12
Why Horses Need Dental Care
Goals of Proper Equine Dental Care What about
the Wild Horse? Elements of the Dental Exam
13
Goals of Proper Equine Dental Care
  • Thorough oral exam necessary
  • Abnormality
  • Acquired disease
  • Optimize jaw and mouth function
  • Remove excessive chewing forces on individual
    teeth (malocclusions)
  • Preserve tooth structure (equilibrate eruption)
  • Prevent periodontal disease
  • Alleviate pain
  • Address any issues preventing horse from
    functioning at optimum level

14
Goals of Proper Equine Dental Care
  • Make dentistry a regular element of good health
    care
  • Prevent early problems from becoming lifelong,
    expensive
  • Find hidden, painful problems to alleviate
    suffering
  • Allow horses to keep functional teeth for entire
    lives

15
Elements of the Dental Exam
  • Treat the whole horse
  • Have and know how to use proper equipment
  • Thorough knowledge of equine surgery, medicine
    and dentistry
  • Have access to additional diagnostics

16
Elements of the Dental Exam
  • Most important? Interest, desire, education,
    proper training.
  • The mouth is only a part of the whole horse.
  • General exam and evaluation of the whole horse.
  • Not unusual to find other significant health
    issues.

4 of horses examined dont get dentistry that
day, says Bob Gregory, DVM
17
Elements of the Dental Exam
  • History
  • Physical exam
  • Sedation
  • Full mouth speculum
  • Bright light source
  • Correct equipment (mirror, cheek retractor,
    picks, etc.)
  • Access to additional diagnostics (lab, X-ray, MRI)

18
Popular Myths about Dental Care
  • Young horses dont need dental care.
  • Wild horses dont get dental care so my horses
    dont need it.
  • Horses only need dental care every few years.
  • I am able to tell when my horse needs dental
    care.

19
The Facts about Proper Dental Care
  • Birth to 2 years Evaluate to determine if
    everything developed correctly.
  • 2-5 years Evaluate to determine if all
    permanent teeth erupted as they should.
  • 5-20 years Regular checkups to make sure no
    disease or injury threatens the health of the
    horse.
  • Geriatrics Evaluate to ensure the horse can eat
    properly, is not in pain, answer questions on
    feeding a geriatric horse.
  • All ages benefit from regular dental exams!

20
Who Should Provide Dental Care
A Team Approach Veterinary Education Myths and
Facts Licensed Veterinary Professionals
21
A Team Approach
  • A concerned owner-veterinarian team is best for
    the horse.
  • Care on a regular basis can assure health,
    longevity.
  • Dentistry is ONE element of good health care.
    Must be coupled with a complete physical exam.

22
Veterinary Education Licensure
  • To provide thorough, competent equine dental
    care
  • Understand anatomy, physiology, pharmacology,
    pathology and clinical applications
  • Assess the whole horse, recognize health issues
  • Apply clinical skills, correctly use medical
    drugs and sedatives, have access to diagnostics
    (lab, X-ray, MRI)
  • Only licensed veterinarians have the necessary
    training and are allowed by law to diagnose,
    treat, prescribe

23
Myths and Facts
  • MythVeterinarians are not educated in
    dentistry.
  • FactDental education encompasses all 4 years of
    Veterinary School and beyond.
  • MythVeterinarians are not interested in
    dentistry.
  • Fact Committed veterinarians are part of a
    network of Equine Health Care Professionals.
    Some veterinarians prefer to refer dental care.
  • MythLay people who do teeth are more
    qualified.
  • Fact Floating only training cannot substitute
    for a comprehensive veterinary education.
    Veterinarians are trained, licensed to use
    sedation, take X-rays. Continuing education is
    required throughout their careers.

24
Equine Dentistry
  • Your horses health and well-being are best
    served by licensed veterinary professionals
  • Veterinarians (DVMs)
  • Veterinary Technicians (LVTs)
  • WA State Dept of Health establishes requirements
    for
  • Traininginitial and ongoing
  • Licensing
  • Accountability Expect and demand competent
    treatment. Lay people without proper training,
    operating outside the law should not provide
    dental care.

25
Thank you
Presenters name, clinic Presenters contact
info
About PowerShow.com