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Title: Honors US History Turning Point Midterm Review


1
Honors US History Turning Point Midterm Review
  • Mr. Bach Mr. Brink Mr. Gallagher
  • Hudson High School

2
The United States was the second nation to
industrialize. The first was
  1. Germany
  2. France
  3. Russia
  4. England
  5. Canada

3
A cartel is defined as
  1. A business that completely controls one product
  2. A market with great competition
  3. A business that makes a great amount of money
  4. Businesses who make the same product agree to
    limit production

4
People invest in corporations by
  1. Buying government bonds
  2. Purchasing products from that corporation
  3. Investing in the stock market
  4. Starting a small business of their own

5
If a corporation buys out one of its competitors
to enlarge its market share, that is called
  1. A Trust
  2. Vertical Integration
  3. Horizontal Integration
  4. Venture Capital

6
What was developed to produce cheaper and
stronger steel?
  1. Edison Component
  2. Carnegie Curve
  3. Bessemer Process
  4. Drake Effect

7
Which does not match?
  1. Rockefeller ? Oil
  2. Vanderbilt ? Shipping
  3. Morgan ? Autos
  4. Carnegie ? Steel

8
Railroads ultimately led to this development?
  1. Telegraphs
  2. Barbed Wire
  3. Time Zones
  4. Radios

9
Social Darwinism said
  1. Government should look out for the welfare of the
    poor
  2. The best members of society should dominate the
    country
  3. The President should look out for all of the
    American people
  4. Countries should avoid imperialistic practices

10
The federal government of the late 19th century
can best be described as?
  1. Active
  2. Progressive
  3. Laissez-Faire
  4. An obstacle to industrialization

11
Workers in the late 19th century worked for very
low pay because
  1. The government forced them to.
  2. Immigration had been restricted.
  3. Women had taken most of the industrial jobs.
  4. There was a huge supply of available workers.

12
The group of immigrants who suffered the most
prejudice were?
  1. Italians
  2. Jews
  3. Poles
  4. Chinese
  5. African-Americans

13
Old Immigrants and Nativist Americans practiced
  1. Roman Catholicism
  2. Judaism
  3. Atheism
  4. Protestantism
  5. A wide variety of religions

14
Which does NOT match?
  1. Edison ? Light Bulb
  2. Marconi ? Radio
  3. Bell ? Telephone
  4. Otis ? Skyscraper

15
Which of the following is NOT true?
  1. Most immigrants traveled to America in the
    steerage section
  2. Most immigrants came from Northern and Western
    Europe
  3. Most immigrants brought few personal possessions
    with them.
  4. Poverty and warfare were significant push factors.

16
Where did most immigrants end up living?
  1. Tenement buildings
  2. On western homesteads
  3. In log cabins
  4. In suburbs

17
Old Americans who were anti-immigrants were
called ____ at the turn of the century?
  1. Nativist
  2. Blue-Bloods
  3. Progressive
  4. Ku Klux Klan

18
In which American city would one find Angel
Island?
  1. New York
  2. Chicago
  3. Atlanta
  4. San Francisco
  5. Washington D.C.

19
Which is NOT true regarding the middle and upper
class at the turn of the century?
  1. They started to move out to suburbs
  2. Advertising got them to purchase more goods.
  3. The middle class looked out for the welfare of
    immigrants
  4. Many commuted into the city via streetcar.

20
Mark Twains use of the term Gilded Age
reflected?
  1. Corrupt governments
  2. Anti-immigrant protests
  3. The urban jungle of the city
  4. Huge wealth disparities in the U.S.

21
Who was NOT likely to be processed at Ellis
Island?
  1. Chinese
  2. Italians
  3. Poles
  4. Russian Jews

22
The Dawes Act was designed to
  1. Preserve tribal culture
  2. Treat Indians as individuals
  3. Guarantee tribes as sovereign nations
  4. Protect Indians from the U.S. army

23
Jim Crow Laws received federal validation in
  1. Plessy v. Ferguson
  2. Gideon v. Wainwright
  3. Brown v. Board of Ed.
  4. Marbury v. Madison

24
Indian resistance on the Great Plains ended at
  1. The Battle of the Little Big Horn
  2. Sand Creek
  3. Yamasee Creek
  4. Wounded Knee

25
Where were you most likely to find Sodbusters?
  1. Texas
  2. California
  3. Great Plains
  4. Midwest

26
Free land was given in the West for all of the
following reasons EXCEPT
  1. Railroad Construction
  2. Mining
  3. Farming
  4. Agricultural Colleges

27
What precipitated the events that led directly to
Wounded Knee?
  1. The Dawes Act
  2. Custers Last Stand
  3. The Ghost Dance
  4. The Transcontinental Railroad

28
Which of the following looked out for the
concerns of farmers in the late 19th century?
  1. Republican Party
  2. The NAACP
  3. The ADL
  4. The National Grange

29
What is NOT true about William Jennings Bryan?
  1. Running mate for President McKinley in 1896
  2. Secretary of State to President Wilson
  3. Supported by the Populists
  4. Prosecution in the Scopes Trial

30
Which industry were farmers most dependent on in
the late 19th century?
  1. Oil Industry
  2. Steel Industry
  3. Railroad Industry
  4. Mining Industry

31
What was the point of the Turner Thesis?
  1. Americans had mistreated native peoples
  2. Farmers were the backbone of the country
  3. The frontier unique defined the American
    character
  4. Americans were the same as all people on earth

32
What prompted civil service reform?
  1. The Civil War
  2. The Panic of 1873
  3. The Dawes Act
  4. The Garfield Assassination

33
In the labor disputes of the late 19th century,
which side did the federal government usually
take?
  1. Labor Unions
  2. Management
  3. Neither side
  4. They arbitrated fairly between the two

34
Who served two non-consecutive terms as President?
  1. Chester Arthur
  2. Rutherford B. Hayes
  3. Grover Cleveland
  4. Benjamin Harrison
  5. William McKinley

35
All of the following relates to the Little Big
Horn EXCEPT
  1. The Sioux ended up never surrendering to the U.S.
    army.
  2. Also known as Custers Last Stand
  3. Precipitated by desecration of the Black Hills
  4. Involved Sioux Chiefs Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse

36
Which is NOT a Populist Party position?
  1. The redistribution of wealth is wrong
  2. Free Coinage of Silver
  3. Farmers are the backbone of the country
  4. Railroads must be regulated

37
Who told African-Americans to seek full equality
with white immediately?
  1. W.E.B. DuBois
  2. Booker T. Washington
  3. Marcus Garvey
  4. Crispus Attucks

38
Which is NOT true regarding Progressivism?
  1. Active federal government
  2. Social reform movements
  3. Involved women as leaders as well as men
  4. Born out of the Democratic Party

39
Which does NOT match?
  1. Jane Addams ? Settlement House Movement
  2. Riis ? Tenement Reform
  3. Sinclair ? Food reform
  4. Steffens ? Corporate Reform

40
Who were muckrakers?
  1. Politicians who ran on a progressive agenda
  2. Immigrants who worked in sweatshops
  3. Reporters who exposed problems
  4. Social organizations who helped the poor

41
Who is NOT a Progressive President?
  1. William McKinley
  2. Theodore Roosevelt
  3. William Howard Taft
  4. Woodrow Wilson

42
Which of the following was NOT a reform to
governmental powers?
  1. Commission Government
  2. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
  3. Initiative
  4. Referendum
  5. 17th Amendment
  6. Recall

43
Which of the following was NOT a labor reform?
  1. Equal pay for equal work
  2. Minimum Wage Laws
  3. Workers Compensation
  4. Child Labor Laws
  5. Safer Working Conditions

44
Which is NOT associated with TR?
  1. Bully Pulpit
  2. Federal Reserve System
  3. Conservation Movement
  4. Railroad Regulations
  5. Arbitration

45
Which is NOT associated with Taft?
  1. Two-term president
  2. Republican Party
  3. Hand-picked by TR
  4. Became hated by TR as his term progressed
  5. Future Supreme Court Chief Justice

46
Which is NOT associated with Wilson?
  1. New Freedom
  2. Square Deal
  3. Former college professor
  4. Democratic Party
  5. Progressive Income Tax

47
Which Amendment does NOT match?
  1. 16th Income Tax
  2. 17th Election of Senators
  3. 18th Only two terms as president
  4. 19th womens suffrage

48
Which is NOT true about the womens suffrage
movement?
  1. Wyoming was the first state to given women the
    vote
  2. Alice Paul used radical methods to gain support
  3. The outbreak of WWI hurt the movement
  4. Achieved nation-wide right to vote with 19th
    amendment

49
Which of the following was NOT a cause of
imperialism?
  1. Economic interests
  2. Military interests
  3. Racism and Social Darwinism
  4. Nationalism
  5. All were causes of imperialism

50
Which is NOT associated with the Span-Am War?
  1. Rough Riders
  2. Yellow Journalism
  3. Woodrow Wilson
  4. William McKinley
  5. De Lome Letter
  6. Battleship Maine

51
Which territory was NOT won as a result of the
Span-Am War?
  1. Puerto Rico
  2. Hawaii
  3. Guantanamo Bay
  4. Phillippines
  5. Guam

52
The most important part of a military force at
the turn of the century was?
  1. Infantry
  2. Navy
  3. Air Force
  4. Chemical and biological weapons
  5. Nuclear weapons

53
What is NOT associated with the U.S. takeover of
Hawaii?
  1. William Seward
  2. Queen Liliuokalani
  3. Sanford Dole
  4. Sugar Tariff
  5. Pearl Harbor

54
During the Imperialistic Age, the fiercest debate
centered on U.S. involvement in?
  1. Hawaii
  2. Cuba
  3. Mexico
  4. Philippines
  5. Alaska

55
Who fought for Philippine independence against
the U.S.?
  1. Jose Marti
  2. Pancho Villa
  3. Emilio Aguinaldo
  4. Emilio Zapata
  5. Pu Yi

56
Who opened Japan to trade with the U.S. in 1853?
  1. George Dewey
  2. Matthew Perry
  3. Theodore Roosevelt
  4. William Seward
  5. William Howard Taft

57
Which is NOT associated with imperialism in China?
  1. Boxer Rebellion
  2. Spheres of Influence
  3. Self-Determination
  4. Open Door Policy
  5. Rights to trade

58
Which is NOT associated with the growth of the
Japanese Empire?
  1. Westernization
  2. Russo-Japanese War
  3. TR ? Nobel Peace Prize
  4. Sewards Folly
  5. Treaty of Portsmouth
  6. Washington Naval Conference

59
Who was NOT on the Allied side in World War I?
  1. Austria
  2. Russia
  3. France
  4. England
  5. United States

60
The spark of World War I was?
  1. Sinking of the Maine
  2. Sinking of the Lusitania
  3. Zimmerman Note
  4. Assassination of the Archduke
  5. Invasion of Belgium

61
The leader of the main enemy of the U.S. in World
War I was?
  1. King George V
  2. Tsar Nicholas II
  3. Georges Clemenceau
  4. Kaiser Wilhelm II
  5. King Saud I

62
The causes of World War I involve?
  1. Industrialization
  2. Imperialism
  3. Militarism
  4. The Alliance System
  5. All of the above

63
What was Germanys plan to win the war?
  1. Fourteen Points
  2. Zimmerman Note
  3. Schlieffen Plan
  4. Elan Vitale Plan
  5. Divide and Conquer

64
Which country collapsed as a result of the war?
  1. England
  2. Italy
  3. France
  4. Russia

65
Which is NOT associated with World War I?
  1. Trench Warfare
  2. Airplanes as effective bombers
  3. Barbed Wire
  4. Machine Guns
  5. Poison Gas

66
What largely drew the U.S. into World War I?
  1. The English blockade
  2. The collapse of Russia
  3. German insults to American pride
  4. Sinkings by German u-boats
  5. Wilson personal drive to enter the war

67
Who is NOT associated with the U.S. effort to win
World War I?
  1. George Creel
  2. Bernard Baruch
  3. Clarence Darrow
  4. Herbert Hoover
  5. General John Pershing

68
Which did NOT happen as a result of the war?
  1. Women entered the industrial workforce
  2. Great Migration
  3. A draft was instituted
  4. Immigration continued
  5. Civil liberties were restricted

69
Which is NOT associated with the Paris Peace
Conference?
  1. War Guilt Clause
  2. Presence of Russia and Germany
  3. Big Four
  4. Treaty of Versailles
  5. Fourteen Points

70
Which did NOT cause widespread panic and fear in
the years after WWI?
  1. Communism
  2. Immigration
  3. Corporate Power
  4. Anarchism
  5. Pandemic Disease

71
All of the following relate to communism EXCEPT
  1. Respect for private property rights
  2. Karl Marx
  3. Lenin
  4. Soviet Union
  5. Equal distribution of wealth
  6. Atheism

72
The Presidents during the 1920s exclusively came
from?
  1. The Democratic Party
  2. The Republican Party
  3. Both Parties
  4. They had no party affiliation

73
Which does NOT fit President Harding?
  1. Return to Normalcy
  2. Teapot Dome Scandal
  3. Washington Naval Conference
  4. Progressive policies

74
Which is NOT true about Henry Ford?
  1. Invented the automobile
  2. Practiced corporate welfare
  3. Used assembly lines
  4. Focused on increasing productivity
  5. Detroit and the Model T

75
Which did NOT contribute to the economic boom of
the 1920s?
  1. The automobile industry
  2. Easy access to credit
  3. Wealth accumulated by American farmers
  4. Europes postwar downturn
  5. Growth in industries like steel, glass and rubber

76
Which would NOT be associated with Flappers?
  1. Deep interest in politics
  2. Short hair
  3. Shorter, slinkier dresses
  4. Smoking and drinking
  5. Promiscuity

77
What was significant about the 1920 census?
  1. It showed more Americans had become farmers
  2. It showed most American women were flappers
  3. It showed most Americans lived in cities
  4. It showed most Americans came from Southern Europe

78
Which is NOT associated with the growth of
fundamentalism?
  1. Centered in urban areas
  2. Reaction to modernism
  3. Reaction to the new woman
  4. Promoted by evangelical radio preachers

79
Which of the following groups was NOT opposed by
the Ku Klux Klan?
  1. Jews
  2. Blacks
  3. Protestants
  4. Catholics
  5. Immigrants
  6. New Women

80
Which event typified the clash between
traditional religion and modernism in the 1920s?
  1. Sacco and Vanzetti Case
  2. Palmer Raids
  3. Scopes Trial
  4. Stock Market Crash
  5. Election of Calvin Coolidge

81
Which did NOT contribute to the rise of celebrity
culture in the 20s?
  1. Mass production of the radio
  2. Vigorous Presidents in the White House
  3. Feats of Aviation
  4. Rise of Hollywood
  5. Construction of large sporting arenas

82
What is NOT associated with the Harlem
Renaissance?
  1. Jazz clubs
  2. Black pride in the face of white racism
  3. Langston Hughes
  4. Booker T. Washington
  5. New York City

83
What was passed by the federal government to
enforce provisions of the 18th Amendment?
  1. Volstead Act
  2. Kellogg-Briand Pact
  3. Versailles Treaty
  4. Immigration and Naturalization Act

84
What is NOT associated with the Prohibition Era?
  1. Speakeasies
  2. Bootleggers
  3. Organized Crime
  4. Suffragettes
  5. 21st Amendment

85
Which author does NOT match?
  1. F. Scott Fitzgerald ? Great Gatsby
  2. John Steinbeck ? The Shame of Cities
  3. Mark Twain ? Gilded Age
  4. Ida Tarbell ? A History of the Standard Oil
    Company

86
Which was NOT a cause of the Great Depression?
  1. Buying on Margin
  2. Agricultural Overproduction
  3. Bank Runs
  4. Even distribution of wealth

87
What was the effect of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff?
  1. It helped spread the depression overseas
  2. It greatly aided American industry
  3. It rescued American farmers
  4. It increased Hoovers popularity

88
Even before the Great Depression, what profession
was already suffering during the 20s?
  1. Automobile manufacturing
  2. Farming
  3. Steel manufacturing
  4. Public Education

89
Which term is NOT associated with the Great
Depression?
  1. Ragtime
  2. Hoovervilles
  3. Hoboes
  4. Dust Bowl

90
Why did banks collapse during the Great
Depression?
  1. The Federal Reserve had increased the money
    supply
  2. Foreign investors flooded the U.S. with money
  3. Depositors took all of their money out at once
  4. Herbert Hoover abandoned the banking system

91
What is NOT true about the Dust Bowl?
  1. It was centered in the Midwest
  2. Refugees were called Okies
  3. Many refugees headed for California
  4. Poor farming practices contributed to the problem

92
What was the final nail in President Hoovers
coffin?
  1. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  2. Rugged Individualism
  3. The Bonus March
  4. Reliance on volunteerism

93
What is NOT true about FDRs Fireside Chats?
  1. They helped him to establish a personal
    relationship with the American people
  2. He offered equal time in his talks to the
    opposition
  3. He understood the power of the radio
  4. They helped restore confidence and trust in the
    American people

94
Who served as FDRs Eyes and Ears during the
1930s?
  1. Huey Long
  2. Father Coughlin
  3. Harold Ickes
  4. Eleanor Roosevelt
  5. Harry Truman

95
What grew in power as a result of the New Deal?
  1. The liberty of individual Americans
  2. The federal government
  3. Corporate America
  4. State governments

96
Who was NOT a critic of the New Deal?
  1. The Supreme Court
  2. Huey Long
  3. Harold Ickes
  4. Father Coughlin
  5. Herbert Hoover

97
Which agency was in charge of regulating the
stock market?
  1. AAA
  2. FDIC
  3. SEC
  4. Social Security
  5. REA

98
All of the following relate to restoring
confidence in the banking system EXCEPT?
  1. AAA
  2. FDIC
  3. EBA

99
What was established to provide pensions to
retirees, orphans, and the disabled?
  1. Wagner Act
  2. National Labor Relations Board
  3. Social Security
  4. TVA

100
Who switched allegiance and started voting for
the Democratic Party in the 1930s?
  1. Hispanics
  2. African-Americans
  3. Protestants
  4. Catholics
  5. The Upper-Class

101
What succeeded in ending the Great Depression?
  1. The New Deal
  2. FDRs Fireside Chats
  3. The return of the Republican Party to power
  4. The Supreme Court
  5. World War II
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