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Cult Of Personality

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Title: Cult Of Personality


1
Cult Of Personality
  • A cult of personality or personality cult arises
    when a country's leader uses mass media to create
    a larger-than-life public image through
    unquestioning flattery and praise.

2
Stalin the cult of personality
3
Secret Agreement
  • German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact secret
    agreement between Stalin and Hitler
  • neither country would attack each other

4
Liar!
  • Hitler lied!
  • 1941- Operation Barbarossa
  • Germany fully attacks Russia!

5
Stalins Rule Against Trotsky
  • After Stalin came to power he wanted Trotsky out
  • Trotsky was banished three times from three
    places
  • 1st Expelled from Moscow
  • 2nd Expelled from the Communist Party
  • 3rd Expelled from Russia in 1936
  • Trotsky fled to Mexico in 1936
  • He was assassinated by Stalins orders in 1940
  • Stalin also had others assassinated under his
    rule including one of his own-Serge Kirov in
    1934. This was done as a show-trial

6
Trotskys Blame
  • During Stalins rule
  • Russias economic system failed
  • Violence, fear, and starvation occurred
    throughout the country
  • Trotsky was blamed for it all
  • called Trotskyism
  • Trotsky was blamed even after his assassination
  • Those who were associated with Trotsky were
    executed
  • In all, over 20 million citizens were purged
    (killed, imprisoned, or severely made to change)

7
Stalin Dies
  • Stalin ruled as absolute dictator throughout WWII
    and until his death on March 5th, 1953.
  • Theory on how he died
  • 1.Stalin was poisoned with warfarin, a powerful
    rat poison that makes blood rush to your brain,
    and the victim has a hemorrhagic stroke
    (cerebral hemorrhage).
  • 2.He probably suffered a stroke that paralyzed
    the right side of his body. Later dying of
    cerebral hemorrhage

8
Communism
  • Communism
  • Social Utopia where all property is held in
    common and ALL are equal
  • (Production and goods are commonly owned)

Friedrich Engels Karl Marx
9
Socialism
  • Socialism A social system or theory in which
    the producers possess political power and the
    means of producing and distributing goods

10
Capitalism
Adam Smith
  • Capitalism Economic system characterized by
    open competition in a free market and by private
    corporate ownership of the means of production
    and distribution

Smith devised a set of concepts that remain
strongly associated with capitalism today,
particularly his theory of the "invisible hand"
of the market, through which the pursuit of
individual interest produces a collective good
for society.
11
Symbolism
  • Russian Revolution Animal Farm
  • Stalin Napoleon
  • Communism Animalism

12
Allegory
  • Underlying meaning and surface meaning
  • -Grand in scope

13
FABLE
  • - A short story that has a moral and has animals
    as characters

14
SATIRE
  • -A story that makes fun of something

15
George Orwell
  • George Orwell Eric Blair
  • Animal Farm A Fairy Story
  • Orwell was born in England in 1903 and passed
    away in 1950
  • Educated at private schools including Eton
  • Was a part of snobbishness and elitism which lead
    him to hating the class system
  • disapproved of Communism
  • a socialist
  • Communism was not pure socialism because
  • gulf in society
  • control of the peasants
  • Hypocritical
  • used his writings to communicate a political
    message

16
Orwell and Satire
  • Orwell became a socialist as well as a satirist
  • Satire The use of ridicule to attack
    ideas/failures/evil action
  • Orwell became a critic of capitalism and
    communism
  • Animal Farm is a Satire and an Allegory

17
Characters and Their Historical Correlation
  • Napoleon Pig, Joseph Stalin and Napoleon B. of
    France
  • Snowball Pig, Leon Trotsky
  • Boxer Cart Horse, Working Class
    Society/Inability to think for self
  • Squealer Pig, Spread a propaganda

18
  • Major Prize Winning Boar, Karl Marx and V.
    Lenin
  • Clover Female Cart Horse, Ignorant Society
  • Moses Tame Raven, Religion/Hope
  • Mollie Mare, Bourgeoisie (upper middle-class)
  • Benjamin Long Lived Donkey, Satirist-Change is
    inevitable

19
Characters and Their Historical Correlation
  • Muriel Goat, helps convey the rules/7
    commandments
  • Mr. Jones Manor Farm, Tsar Nicholas II
  • Mr. Frederick Pinchfield Farm, Hitler/Nazi
    Germany
  • Mr. Pilkington Foxwood Farm, Capitalist
    England/U.S.A.

20
Characters and Their Historical Correlation
  • Mr. Whymper Human Solicitor, ties humans and
    animals together
  • Jessie and Bluebell/Pups Dogs, Stalins brute
    force-rep. of Hitlers brainwashed society
  • Minimus Poet Pig, Manipulator of History
    (Songs)

21
Chapters 1 (Summary)
  • Drunken Mr. Jones to bed/animals meet in the barn
  • Major Wishes to pass his wisdom
  • Talks about miserable lives and manipulation/born
    as slaves
  • Could live in luxury given the resources
  • Use the products of their labors
  • Dream from the Previous Night
  • Live free and happy
  • Animals vs. humans (2 legged walking creatures)
  • Once they take the humans they cant acquire
    their traits
  • Ex live in a house, sleep in beds, drink,
    smoke, , clothes, trade (p. 31)
  • Beasts of England ---an animal Utopia
  • Mr. Jones fires a shotgun and stops the commotion

22
Chapter 1 (Analysis)
  • Beasts of England- the animals will finally be
    free from mans dominationenjoy the fruits of
    their labors
  • The song words lead to a false reality
  • (Reality vs. a Dream Utopia)
  • Majors simple belief is that Man is the only
    reason for their evil (makes it easy for anyone
    non human to buy in to the situation
  • Idea touches on class struggle, surplus value,
    and domination
  • Idea is sincere, but its only a fantasyjust
    like . . .
  • Major states All animals are equal
  • Lenin dies just as Major-leaving his work
    unfinished
  • Ch. 1Historic to period before and during WWI
  • Ends with great unrest!

23
Chapter 2 (Summary)
  • Napoleon/Snowball description (35)
  • The Rebellion-Animals take farm and preserve the
    house
  • Animalism
  • Moses-Sugar Candy Mountain
  • 7 Commandments
  • 1. 2 legs is the enemy
  • 2. 4 legs or wings is a friend
  • 3. No clothes
  • 4. No bed
  • 5. No alcohol
  • 6. Not kill any other animal
  • 7. All animals are equal

24
Chapter 2 (Analysis for Allegory)
  • Russian Revolution Becomes very clear
  • Manor Farm- Part feudal, Part capitalist Russia
  • Major represents Marxs philosophy of communism,
    and Lenin who enacted it Animalism
  • Animalsworking class (esp. Boxer and Clover)
  • Pigs intelligentsia (organized and controlled
    the Rev.)
  • Squealer Propaganda
  • Moses Russian Orthodox Church
  • Mollie Bourgeoisie (Luxuries)
  • Russia began with noble ideas including moral
    dignity and equality-quickly gone on Animal Farm
  • Orwells description of pre-rebellion
    misery-social inequality and mistreatment of
    workers

25
Chapter 3 (Summary)
  • 4 legs good, 2 legs bad -
  • Pigs take charge/superiority-
  • take the milk
  • Raise the pups
  • A lot of work is done- BOXER I will work harder
  • Flag with hoof and horn (Russian Flag)
  • Snowball and Napoleon fight (p48)
  • Pigs take human ways (p49)
  • Socialists goals became meaningless tools used
    for control
  • 4 legs/2 legswhat about wings?
  • Dog Army-(p51)
  • Manipulation (Read Passage)-(p52)

26
Chapter 3 (Analysis)
  • Boxers (Peoples) blind faith in the system
  • Imbalance of knowledge and literacy
  • Pigs/Stalin-sole guardians of Animal Farm/Russian
    principals
  • 7 Commandments
  • Antihuman directive (no clothes), moral values
    (no kill other animal), utopian ideas (all
    animals equal)
  • 4 legs good/2 legs badnot part of the above
    ideals
  • Propaganda was used to ignore their own
    unhappiness/shift focus
  • Squealer Propaganda to control the people
  • Satire Good of the State emphasizes Russias
    own downfall-pokes fun

27
Chapter 4 (Summary)
  • The Short Version
  • Battle of Cowshed
  • Medals Animal Hero First Class
  • Snowball and Boxer

28
Chapter 4 (Analysis)
  • Allusion Julius Caesar
  • Russian Interwar Period
  • Trotsky In order for Communism to work, it has
    to be global
  • Domino Effect Non communists become communist
  • Pres. Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson
    used this to justify military involvement in
    Turkey, Greece, and Vietnam
  • Rumors spread of Russia
  • People fight but dont understand what theyre
    fighting for
  • Their own oppression Irony
  • Orwell was (perhaps) denouncing Comm. non-Comm.
  • Mr. Jones Irresponsible/Neglect
  • Mr. P Dont do anything

29
Chapter 5 (Summary)
  • Mollie decides to change sides
  • Napoleon/Snowball argue a lot
  • Each campaign for supporters
  • Windmill plans completed debate over the
    project
  • Snowball is attacked and ousted
  • Napoleon takes power (Pig Power)
  • Boxer adds to his catch phrase I will work
    harder
  • Napoleon is always right

30
Chapter 5 (Analysis)
  • Napoleon rises as did Stalin
  • Snowball/Trotsky is banished
  • Stalin has his own secret police (intelligentsia)
    Dogs
  • 3rd World Country (p64)- Build technology/electric
    ity
  • Stalin first balked at it, then adopted it as his
    own idea
  • Orwell was part of a Trotskyist group in the late
    1930s during the Spanish Civil War
  • Could be why Snowball is looked at in a positive
    manner
  • Importance of technological advances in Russia is
    essential
  • Much effort was put into the overall change
  • As previously mention-Stalin shunned it at 1st,
    then took it as his own

31
Chapter 6 (Summary)
  • Work weeks were now 60hr/wk and work on Sundays
  • Food rations were cut
  • Animals eager to take more work b/c its for
    their own benefit
  • Mr. Whimper-Human solicitor introduced
  • Used to obtain outside goods needed (iron, nails,
    paraffin oil)
  • Pigs now live and sleep in farm house
  • Commandments changed
  • No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets
  • Storm destructs windmill
  • Supposed work of Snowball
  • Snowball is given a death sentence

32
Chapter 6 (Analysis)
  • Government Oppression (not just in Russia)
  • Overworked working class
  • Government justified luxuries
  • Propaganda is used to cover up mistakes
  • Governments tend to blame others for their own
    deficiencies and wrong doings to keep their own
    standing
  • Ex Communist Russia vs. Trotskyism
  • Ex U.S.A. vs. Communism
  • By shifting the blame it is easy to manipulate
  • Orwells idea Tyranny is Cyclical
  • More Power More Corrupt Become what is was
    in 1st place
  • Pigs evolve into grotesque human beings-increased
    resemblance of humans

33
Chapter 7 (Summary)
  • Harsh winter w/ food shortage (p85) Animals are
    misled
  • Humans dont believe Snowball ruined wall-rebuilt
    at 3 thick
  • Egg shortage- increased export/morally wrong
  • Hens rebel and 9 die
  • Snowballs supposed visits to farm- Everything
    blamed on him
  • Tied to Pinchfield (associate of Mr. Jones p
    89)
  • Battle of Cowshed bravery taken away and used
    against him p90
  • Napoleons battle bravery is hyped up
  • Squealers persuasion makes them believe p90
  • Napoleon stages a purge and takes more power
  • Pigs are forced to falsely confess to conspiracy
    w/ Snowball
  • They are said to be Trotskyists and immediately
    killed p91/92
  • Boxer stands up for the animals-Napoleon
    immediately stops Boxer
  • Egg rebellion confession- 3 more hens killed

34
Chapter 7 (Summary Cont.)
  • Boxers explanation of problem at hand p94
  • The fault is our own WORK HARDER
  • Clover wonders how farm could have gotten like it
    is
  • Animals not smart enough to figure it out
  • Squealer No more beasts of England
  • Song only applies to the rebellion-no need for
    rebellion now
  • New song with no inspiration
  • Animal Farm. . .- Glorifies the situation

35
Chapter 7 (Analysis)
  • Stalins 5 year plan for agriculture resulted in
    starvation of millions
  • Industrial production was also down
  • Violent tactics of oppressive governments
  • Massive class divisions in egalitarian/true
    communist society
  • Stalin also had show trials (trials w/ preset
    outcome)
  • Forced people to admit Trotskyism
  • People tortured until admission then executed
  • Stalin kept a common enemy- Trotsky
  • Create fear for people-no one challenged his rule
  • Manipulated statistics- illusion that all is
    good/better
  • Fear installed b/c people believe propaganda
  • An indestructible dictatorship formed-far from
    communism

36
Chapter 8 (Summary)
  • No kill commandment is changed to . . . w/out
    cause
  • Animals work harder to rebuild windmill
  • Very cold winter with famine
  • Napoleon takes title of Leader
  • Minimus writes a poem on barn praising Napoleon
  • Controversy between Frederick and Pilkington w/
    firewood
  • Windmill is finished-Mr. F. and men blow it up
  • Several animals are killed/Boxer is injured
  • Pigs get drunk
  • Squealer caught w/ paint brush (changing
    commandments)
  • Animals not smart enough to figure it out
  • Alcohol Commandment Changed to . . . In excess

37
Chapter 8 (Analysis)
  • Overall idea of manipulated rules and govt. to
    benefit the politically and militaristic powers
  • Minimuss Poem great irony/satire of patriotic
    rhetoric
  • Creates a misdirection (propaganda) for the
    public
  • Pilkington vs. Frederick Incident
  • Russia/Stalins back and forth nature of siding
    with Germany and then the Allies at the outset of
    WWII
  • _at_ last moment, Stalin signs a non-aggression pact
    with Hitler
  • Hitler (Frederick) betrays his word and invades
    Western Russia killing 25 million Russians and
    destroying much of the infrastructure built up
    during the Russian Revolution
  • This is known as the Battle of Stalingrad
  • Movie Enemy at the Gate

38
Chapter 9 (Summary)
  • Start to rebuild the Windmill
  • Boxer grows weak
  • Food Shortage Evident (but not for Pigs and Dogs)
  • They say its still better than Mr. Joness era
  • Napoleon has 31 piglets w/ 4 sows-builds a
    schoolhouse
  • Spontaneous demonstrations promoting animal farm
  • Animal farm declared a Republic- Napoleon named
    Pres.
  • Snowball has rumored to say Long live humanity
    during the battle of cowshed
  • Sugar Candy Mountain stories started again by
    Moses
  • Boxer fails and collapses
  • Arranged for ambulance (Glue Factory)
  • Boxer announced as incurable and had died (False
    info)

39
Chapter 9 (Analysis)
  • Blatant downfall of Animal Farm/Russia
  • Boxers death is ironic
  • He worked for the good of all, but is sold for
    the good of a few
  • Boxer is sold for alcohol
  • His death breaks a lot of commandments
  • Death in a Glue Factory increases the dramatic
    power of Orwells words
  • Russian administration exhausted its worker
    resources and then discarded them
  • Return of Moses means shift of focus of working
    class
  • Stalin brought back the Russian Orthodox Church
    after WWII
  • Spontaneous Demonstrations Ironic b/c they
    werent spontaneous, they were all planned out
    for propaganda

40
Chapter 10 (Summary)
  • Many years have now passed (Dead Muriel,
    Pincher, Bluebell, Jessie, Mr. Jones, . . .)
  • Windmill is now used for corn more
  • Pigs and dogs are still in luxury
  • Other animals still accept the goals of the
    original Rebellion
  • This is a world free of humans with equality for
    animals
  • Squealer is now walking on his hind legs only
  • Sheep adopt the maxim 4 legs good, 2 legs
    better
  • Only 1 commandment is left!
  • All animals are equal, but some are more equal
    than others
  • Napoleon smokes pipe, others read, use
    radio/phone, wear clothes
  • Napoleon and Pilkington toast each other- No more
    Comrade
  • Name changed back to Manor Farm
  • Card Game-Ace of Spades played at the same time
    (Nap/Pilk)
  • No longer distinguish the card players from the
    humans/pigs

41
Chapter 10 (Analysis)
  • Totalitarian Communism (controlled by the
    state/dictator)
  • No socialism or utopia at all
  • Napoleon B. (France) used to be thought of as
    great during his conquest until he crowned
    himself emperor of France
  • Instead of abolishing aristocracy, he formed it
    around himself
  • Hope is help until the end-provides dramatic
    contrast
  • Original ideas by Major/Marx Dream/Philosophy
  • Very shocking language- evolution of events
  • Cooperation of Russia and the West during WWII is
    evident
  • Quarrel over what both desire but cant have is
    evident
  • WORLD DOMINATION
  • Banquet shows coop w/ Eng./U.S.A./Russia during
    WWII
  • Stalin dies in 1953
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