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Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis

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Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis A Guide for Educational Professionals Food Allergy Basics Affects 12 million Americans (1 in 25 or 4% of the population) 16-18% of school ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis


1
Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis
  • A Guide for Educational Professionals

2
Food Allergy Basics
  • Affects 12 million Americans (1 in 25 or 4 of
    the population)
  • 16-18 of school-age children who have food
    allergies have had a reaction at school
  • It is estimated that 25 of the in school
    anaphylactic reactions occur before the student
    has been diagnosed with food allergy

3
Food Allergy Basics
  • Food allergy (immune response) vs. Food
    Intolerance (Lacking enzyme for digestion)
  • No cure for food allergy strict avoidance is
    the key

4
TOP 8 Foods Account for 90 of all Food Allergy
Reactions
  • Milk
  • Soy
  • Peanut
  • Fish
  • But almost any food could cause a reaction
  • Egg
  • Wheat
  • Tree Nut
  • Shellfish

5
Food allergy basics
  • Seafood allergy is most common
  • 6.9 million, mostly adults
  • Peanut tree nut next most common
  • 1.8 million affected by each
  • Milk (900K) and egg (600k) more common among
    children/ some will outgrow

6
Food Allergy Basics
  • Most reactions caused by ingestion
  • Localized reactions caused by touch hives
  • Inhalation reactions are possible, but rare
  • Cooking fumes
  • Peanut dust

7
Anaphylaxis
  • Severe, life-threatening allergic reaction
  • Food allergy is leading cause of anaphylaxis
  • Other causes insect , medication, latex,
    exercise, unknown

8
Anaphylaxis
  • Symptoms can begin in minutes or up to 2 hours
    after exposure
  • Risk factors
  • Asthma
  • Peanut or tree nut allergy
  • Teenagers (risky behavior)

9
Food in Schools Proceed With Caution
  • Students may not know they have allergy
  • Student may deny allergy
  • Trace amounts of allergens can be found in
    unsuspecting foods read labels carefully
  • Avoid food on the TOP 8 list

10
Possible Symptoms of an Allergic Reaction
Skin Gut Respiratory Cardiovascular Neurologic
Hives Swelling Itchy red rash Eczema Cramps Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Itchy, watery eyes Runny nose Stuffy nose Sneezing Coughing Itching/swelling of lips, tongue, throat Change in voice Difficulty swallowing Chest tightness Wheezing Repetitive throat clearing Drop in blood pressure Fainting Shock Chest pain Feeling of impending doom Weakness
11
How children describe a reaction
  • My tongue is hot or burning
  • Something is poking my tongue
  • I feel hair on my tongue
  • Something is stuck in my throat
  • My tongue is heavy or full
  • I feel bugs in my ear
  • My throat feels thick

12
Treatment Individualized Health Plan
  • Benadryl for simple allergy
  • Epinephrine for anaphylaxis
  • Administer promptly
  • Always call 911
  • Contact nurse
  • Second dose

13
Treatment
  • Texas law allows student to carry epinephrine
    injector with physician, parent, school nurse and
    administrative permission
  • School nurse will notify you if a student in your
    class is carrying this life saving medication
  • Consider learning how to administer epinephrine
    so you can assist in an emergency

14
Course Completion Confirmation
Complete the Survey Link on the Teacher Training
page to confirm your completion of this course.
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