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The Middle Ages (476-1300)

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The Middle Ages (476-1300) What is so different about Europe? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle Ages (476-1300)


1
The Middle Ages (476-1300)
  • What is so different about Europe?

2
Do Now Review Post-476
  • What happened to Western Europe after the fall
    of Rome?
  • 2. What happened to the eastern portion of the
    Roman Empire?
  • 3. What was going on in the Middle East shortly
    after Rome fell?

3
PostFall of Rome (476 A.D.)
  • 1. W. Europe is isolated Dark Ages begin
  • Germanic invasions divided into small Christian
    kingdoms (400-700)
  • No centralized government
  • 2. Byzantine Empire
  • Eastern Orthodox Christianity
  • Age of Justinian Golden Age
  • 3. Islam emerges (Arabia, 7th C)
  • New religion empire Golden Age
  • Armies in Africa, Europe Asia

4
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5
Task
  • You are living in Western Europe after 476 A.D.,
    how would you find protection?
  • How would you find safety/order when no
    government exists?
  • Create a list of ideas.

6
1. Why did the man visit the Godfather? 2. What
was the result of their visit?
7
In order to attain order in Europe post-fall of
Rome (476) FEUDALISM developed.
  • A political/social system where land is
    exchanged for loyalty.

And we will provide you with support and
soldiers
I will give you land (manor) to rule and govern
8
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9
Feudalism
L O Y A L T Y
L A N D
Do Now 1. Explain this system?
LORDS/Nobles
2. Why was this system created?
SERFS
10
Task
  • You are living in Western Europe after 476 A.D.,
    what would you look for in a ruler?
    (characteristics, traits, qualities, beliefs)
  • What advice would you give him/her about the
    state condition of Western Eastern Europe?
  • What changes would you want him/her to pursue?
    Why?

11
Why was feudalism brought to Western Europe?
  • Need for security and stability!
  • No centralized government (post-fall of Rome!)
  • European Invasions!

12
What ideal is the cartoon portraying?
CHIVALRY!
13
Why did the Church have so much power?
  • 1. Controls Spiritual life
  • Decides who gets sacraments (controls salvation)
  • Refusal to obey Church law punished by
    excommunication
  • Banned from the Church
  • Cannot obtain sacracments, cannot obtain
    salvation
  • Penalty of interdict faced by nobles exclusion
    of an entire town from receiving sacraments!
  • -Leaders give into Church pressure!
  • 2. Controls Secular life
  • Pope (head of RCC) has power over secular rulers
  • Added order stability to Europe
  • Tithe tax (1/10th of income) required ALL
    Christians to pay
  • Religion linked to social life church becomes
    social center
  • Cathedral schools, lead to universities

14
Evidence of ____________Power Medieval
________________
  • Romanesque (early ma)

Gothic (late ma)
15
St. Filibert, France 10th Century
16
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17
German Cathedral (8th 11th)
18
Romanesque Floor Plan
19
5th C 12th C
GOTHIC CATHEDRALS
CATHEDRAL AT REIMS
20
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21
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22
Flying Buttress
23
St. Etienne, Bourges, 12th Century
FLYING BUTTRESSES
24
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25
Do Now Why was the Church so powerful during
the MA?
26
Roman Catholic Church Persecution
  • ANTISEMITISM
  • Prejudice against Jews
  • How were the Jews persecuted?
  • Why were they persecuted?

27
Reflection
  1. How and Why were the Jews persecuted?
  2. What is your reaction to this persecution?
    Explain.

28
The Age of Charlemagne (768-814) Charles the
Great
  • Western Europe enjoys period of Christian unity
  • Successful conqueror
  • Pope proclaims Charlemagne emperor (800)
  • Widens the divide between Eastern Western
    Europe

29
Charlemagne The Empire
France, Germany, parts of Italy and Spain
30
European Invasions
  • Vikings destroy unity of Charlemagnes empire
  • Scandinavian Norway, Sweden, Denmark
  • Warriors, traders, explorers

31
Do Now
  • 1. Western Europe
  • 2. Middle East
  • 3. Eastern Europe
  • During the early Middle Ages, what do you think
    relationships were like between these THREE parts
    of the world? How do you know?

32
Do Now How can government convince people to
join the army?
33
Task
  • Your task is to create a propaganda poster that
    aims to recruit soldiers to join the Crusades.
  • Ideas MUST pertain to Pope Urbans speech
  • Your poster MUST be set in the Middle Ages
  • The information must focus on the values of
    Medieval Europe.
  • Your grade is based on the following
  • 1. Effectiveness/Allure 3 points
  • a. Includes HEADLINE IMAGE
  • 2. Accuracy 2 points (of historical
    information)

34
THE CRUSADES a series of wars fought between the
Christian and Muslim world for the holy land
Deus lo volt! God wills it!
35
The First Crusade
  • Council of Clermont (1095) Pope Urban II calls
    for a crusade to free Holy Land from Turk
    invaders.
  • Christians capture Jerusalem (1099)
  • Massacre Muslim/Jewish residents.
  • More crusades launched
  • Muslims are victorious

36
Do Now
  • Questions
  • What was the goal of the Crusades?
  • 2. Who was Pope Urban?
  • 3. Why would people want to fight in the
    Crusades?
  • 4. Who fought in the Crusades?

37
Do Now
  • Questions
  • Who won the Crusades? Why?
  • 2. How was Europe affected by the Crusades?

38
Saladin
  • Muslim leader
  • Conquers Jerusalem in 1187
  • By 1291, Muslims conquer last Christian territory
    (entire Holy Land)
  • Massacre Christians

39
Map of the Crusades
40
The Greatest Failure in History
Impact of the Crusades
  • 1. Cultural Diffusion Euro contact Eastern
    cultures
  • - Muslim/Byzantine goods ideas
  • 2. Revival of learning
  • Greek/Roman (Byzantines) Muslim advances
  • 3. Increased demand led to increased trade
  • New markets
  • New wealth
  • Rise of a middle class (bourgeoisie)
  • Growth of new cities

41
High Middle Ages The Black Death
  • 1. Who (was affected)
  • 2. What (happened)
  • 3. Where (did this happen)
  • 4. When (did this happen)
  • 5. Why (did this happen)
  • 6. How (did this happen)

42
The High Middle Ages How did life change? (use
Guided Reading to help)
  • Agricultural production/Population increase
  • Rise of trade
  • - wealth, new goods
  • Rise of cities
  • Rise of a business economy
  • Rise of a middle class
  • Decline of feudalism
  • Power of Kings increase (centralize)
  • Rise of Guilds

43
The High Middle Ages How did life change? 7.
Criticisms against the church
  • a. Wealth
  • Leads to future problems
  • b. Worldly devotion to family over Church
    duties
  • SOLUTION marriage outlawed for priests
  • c. Simony Corruption selling of Church
    positions
  • SOLUTIONS outlawed simony Church ONLY chooses
    Church officials (not kings/nobles)

44
Church v. State
  • France, 13/14th Century
  • Sequence of Events
  • Philip IV taxes French clergy
  • Pope Boniface IV forbids Philip to tax without
    papal consent
  • Punishment excommunication
  • Philip IV threatens to arrest clergy that
    refuses to pay sends troops to seize Boniface
  • French elect Pope
  • Papacy moved to France (from Rome)
  • Babylonian Captivity lasts for 70 years)
  • (14th century) Rome responds by electing their
    own pope! Two popes?
  • Why did Philip move the papacy?
  • How did this decision affect the popes power?

45
Homework Create a list of reasons explaining
why the period of the Middle Ages may be
considered the best and worst of times! (2
lists total!)
  • It was the best of times, it was the worst of
    times

46
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic School
Teacher Student pencil
smartboard notes suspension
laughing cutting
study
47
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic Early Middle Ages
Dark Ages Manorialism Feudalism
Charlemagne Roman Catholic Church
Chivalry Fief
tithe
48
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic Early Middle Ages
476 Vikings invasions
Gothic Byzantine Empire excommunication
salvation Battle of Tours Islamic Empire

49
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic Early Middle Ages
Loyalty serfs
interdict Inquisition
Roman Catholic Church Chivalry
Anti-Semitism tithe
Eastern Orthodox

50
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic Crusades
Jerusalem Pope Urban Turks
Muslims Saladin Greatest Failure
Trade Cities
Cultural
Diffusion
51
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic High (Late) Middle
Ages
Middle Class opportunity Babylonian
Captivity Centralized Government
simony Bubonic Plague
Education
commerce worldly

52
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic Anything Middle Ages
Loyalty serfs
interdict Inquisition
Chivalry manorialism
Anti-Semitism
Black Death Eastern
Orthodox
53
Talk A Mile a Minute Topic Anything Middle Ages
knight manor
Roman Catholic usury
Chivalry Crusades
Anti-Semitism
Babylonian Captivity
heresy
54
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