Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors (AIACC) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors (AIACC)

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Title: Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors (AIACC)


1
Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to
Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors
(AIACC)
  • Robert Watson
  • ICSU Forum on
  • Science and Technology for Sustainable
    Development
  • World Summit on Sustainable Development,
    Johannesburg
  • August 30, 2002

2
  • AIACC Implementing, Executing Collaborating
    Agencies
  • UN Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • Global SysTem for Analysis, Research and Training
    (START)
  • Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
  • Funding Agencies
  • Global Environment Facility (GEF)
  • Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
  • US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)

3
AIACC Objectives
  • Advance scientific understanding
  • Of climate change I, A V in developing country
    regions.
  • Publications in peer reviewed journals.
  • Build and enhance scientific technical capacity
    in developing countries
  • To investigate climate change I, A V and
  • To participate in international scientific
    assessments (e.g. IPCC)
  • Generate and communicate information useful for
    adaptation planning action
  • Including for preparation of National
    Communications under UNFCCC.

4
AIACC Grants for Regional Studies of Climate
Change I, A V
  • Call for pre-proposals issued early 2001
  • 150 preproposals submitted.
  • 60 invited to submit full proposals.
  • Proposals peer reviewed by 80 scientists
  • 24 awards made
  • 11 in Africa (17 countries participating)
  • 5 in Asia (9 countries)
  • 5 in Latin America (10 countries)
  • 3 in Small Island Dev. States (8 countries)

5
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6
AIACC Support for Grant Recipients
  • 3-year research funding (100K-225K USD)
  • Participation in capacity building activities
  • Training/project development workshops held in
    2002.
  • Regional workshops (2003 and 2004)
  • Technical assistance from AIACC mentors
  • Including facilitation of peer-reviewed
    publication.
  • Participation in AIACC Scientific Network
  • Cross-project (South-South) collaborations
    assistance
  • Collaborations with developed country researchers

7
Projects emphasize links between current future
vulnerabilities adaptive strategies
  • Most AIACC projects will begin with assessment of
    current vulnerabilities in areas such as
  • Food security
  • Water security
  • Livelihood security
  • Human health
  • Will explore how climate change in combination
    with other factors may alter vulnerabilities
    through coming decades.
  • Will evaluate adaptive strategies, emphasizing
    those that might lessen current vulnerabilities
    as well as longer term vulnerabilities to climate
    change.

8
Drought vulnerability of rural households in W.
African Sahel
  • University of Jos, Nigeria and Institut
    DEconomie Rural, Mali
  • Past/present vulnerabilities of household food
    livelihood security from drought to be evaluated
    using survey techniques and observational data
  • Develop and apply models of future
    vulnerabilities and adaptive responses under
    scenarios of climate change.
  • Attempt to identify thresholds for coping with
    climatic extremes and evaluate risks of exceeding
    in future climate

9
Climate change vulnerabilities and adaptations in
Limpopo basin, Botswana
  • University of Botswana
  • Establish past and present responses of food and
    water sectors to climate variability.
  • Investigate potential impacts of climate change
    on food production, water supply and water
    demand.
  • Economic valuation of impacts and examination of
    vulnerabilities (e.g. food security) of impacted
    groups.
  • Evaluate feasibility, effectiveness and costs of
    adaptation options to lessen vulnerabilities.

10
Integrated assessment of climate change impacts
in Miombo region
  • Miombo Network (researchers institutions in
    Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia)
  • Case studies of recent droughts and floods in
    Zambezi River Basin.
  • Develop and apply models of climate-environment-hu
    man interactions to investigate impacts of
    climate change (emphasis on flood, drought) on
    land-use, production, food security,
    livelihoods.
  • Evaluate adaptation options for the river basin.

11
Sustainable livelihood strategies in Sudan
lessons for climate change adaptation
  • Higher Council for Environment Natural
    Resources, Sudan
  • Case studies of degree to which existing
    sustainable livelihood programs have increased
    resilience (including food security) of local
    agricultural systems to climate related
    stressors.
  • Evaluate potential for these strategies to
    increase resilience (and food security) to future
    climate change.

12
Food production water needs in North Africa
  • Agricultural Research Center (Egypt), Ministere
    de lAgricultare (Tunisia), Direction de la
    Meteorologie Nationale (Morocco)
  • Case studies of effects of climate variability on
    production of cereals, olives, other crops in 3
    different arid/semi-arid cropping systems.
  • Simulation of crop production and water demands
    for scenarios of climate change evaluation of
    food security implications.
  • Evaluation of adaptation options for different
    cropping systems.

13
For more information on AIACC
  • Visit AICC website
  • www.start.org/Projects/AIACC_Project/aiacc.html
  • Or contact
  • Neil Leary, START Secretariat
  • Email nleary_at_agu.org
  • Tel 1 202-462-2213
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