The Origin of Humans - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Origin of Humans PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 70e796-Y2QyO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Origin of Humans

Description:

The Origin of Humans – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:72
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 42
Provided by: Susa2283
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Origin of Humans


1
The Origin of Humans
2
The First Humans
Theories on prehistory and early man constantly
change as new evidence comes to light.
- Louis Leakey, British
paleoanthropologist
3
Early Discoveries
4
Stages of Early Human Development
1. 4,000,000 BCE 1,000,000 BCE
Paleolithic Age( Old Stone Age ) 2,500,000 BCE
to 8,000 BCE
2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,000 BCE
3. 250,000 BCE 30,000 BCE
4. 30,000 BCE -- 10,000 BCE
5
The Paleolithic Age
  • Paleolithic --gt Old Stone Age
  • 2,500,000 BCE 10,000 BCE
  • Made tools
  • hunting (men) gathering (women) ?
    small bands of 20-30 humans
  • NOMADIC (moving from place to place)

6
Stage 1
4,000,000 BCE 1,000,000 BCE
  • Hominids --gt any member of the family of
    two-legged primates that includes all humans.
  • Australopithecines
  • An Apposable Thumb

7
(No Transcript)
8
Stage 1
  • HOMO HABILIS ( Man of Skills )
  • found in East Africa.
  • created stone tools.

9
The Paleolithic Age
  • Humans during this period found shelter in caves.
  • Cave paintings left behind.

Purpose??
10
Stage 2
1,600,000 BCE 30,000 BCE
  • HOMO ERECTUS ( Upright Human Being )
  • BIPEDALISM
  • Larger and more varied tools --gt primitive
    technology
  • First hominid to migrate and leave Africa for
    Europe and Asia.
  • First to use fire ( 500,000 BCE )

11
Differing Human Migration Theories
Are we all Africans under the skin????
12
Stage 3
200,000 BCE 10,000 BCE
HOMO SAPIENS ( Wise Human Being )
Neanderthals( 200,000 BCE 30,000 BCE )
Cro-Magnons( 40,000 BCE 10,000 BCE )
13
Stage 3
NEANDERTHALS
  • Neander Valley, Germany (1856)
  • First humans to bury their dead.
  • Made clothes from animal skins.
  • Lived in caves and tents.

14
P R I M A RY S O U R C E The Shanidar events
(cave in Northeastern Iraq) . . . speak clearly
of a deep feeling for the spiritual quality of
life. A concern for the fate of the human soul is
universal in human societies today, and it was
evidently a theme of Neanderthal society
too. RICHARD E. LEAKEY, The Making of Mankind
15
Stage 3
NEANDERTHALS
Early Hut/Tent
16
Stage 3
CRO-MAGNONs
  • Leads to Homo sapiens sapiens ( Wise, wise
    human )
  • By 30,000 BCE they replaced Neanderthals.

WHY???
17
Homo sapiens sapiens in Europe
18
The Last Ice Age
70,000 BCE 10,000 BCE
19
(No Transcript)
20
The Neolithic Age
  • Neolithic ? New Stone Age
  • 10,000 BCE 4,000 BCE
  • Gradual shift from

Nomadic lifestyle ? settled, stationery lifestyle.
Hunting/Gathering ? agricultural production and
domestication of animals.
  • What does sedentary mean?

21
SETTING THE STAGE By about 40,000 years ago,
human beings had become fully modern in their
physical appearance. With a shave, a haircut, and
a suit, a Cro-Magnon man would have looked like a
modern business executive. However, over the
following thousands of years, the way of life of
early humans underwent incredible changes. People
developed new technology, artistic skills, and
most importantly, agriculture.
22
(No Transcript)
23
(No Transcript)
24
The Agricultural Revolution
  • 8,000 BCE 5,000 BCE
  • Agriculture developed independently in
    different parts of the world.
  • Causes?
  • Climate change temperatures longer growing
    seasons
  • Pressure of growing populations

Middle East India Central America
China Southeast Asia 8,000 BCE 7,000
BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,000 BCE
25
(No Transcript)
26
The Agricultural Revolution
  • Early Farming Methods
  • SLASH-AND-BURN Farming

27
The Agricultural Revolution
  • Domestication of Animals
  • How did this develop? What are the benefits?

Breed the best and eat the rest!!!
28
The Agricultural Revolution
?
?
Development of Agriculture
?
?
29
The Agricultural Revolution
Why do you think the development of agriculture
occurred around the same time in several
different places?
30
The Agricultural Revolution
Why do some archaeologists believe that women
were the first farmers?
31
Early Settled Communities
  • Growing crops on a regular basis made possible
    the support of larger populations.
  • More permanent, settled communities emerged.
  • 9,000 BCE ? Earliest Agricultural Settlement at
    JARMO ( northern Iraq ) ? wheat

32
Found Jarmo in the 1950s
Catal Huyuk
33
Early Settled Communities
  • 8,000 BCE ? Largest Early Settlement at Çatal
    Hüyük ( Modern Turkey ) ? 6,000 inhabitants
  • 12 cultivated crops
  • Division of labor
  • Engaged in trade
  • Organized religion

An obsidian dagger
  • Small military

34
Early Settled Communities
Çatal Hüyük
35
(No Transcript)
36
The Agricultural Revolution
What role did the food supply play in shaping the
nomadic life of hunter-gatherers and the settled
life of the farmers?
37
Why is the "Neolithic Revolution" a turning
point in human history??
38
What is the next step in the development
of human settlements??
39
CITIES !
CIVILIZATIONS !!
40
What are the characteristics of a civilization??
41
Advanced Cities
Advanced Technology
CIVILIZATION
Specialized Workers
Record- Keeping
Complex Institutions
About PowerShow.com