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THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH

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Title: THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH


1
(No Transcript)
2
CHRISTIANITY
EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH
THE SCHISM 1054
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
PROTESTANTISM
LUTHERAN PRESBYTERIAN BAPTIST METHODIST ETC
THE REFORMATION 1500s
3
THE CHURCHIMPORTANT TERMS
  • CURIA Council developed to advise the pope on
    spiritual and political matters.
  • CANON LAW - Law of the Church. Bishops operated
    courts to consider civil and religious matters
  • TITHE - Tax imposed by the Church which required
    every Christian family to pay one tenth of income
  • HERETICS People who opposed teachings of the
    Church

4
HISTORY OF THE CHURCH
  • Suffering by the Church from 500-1000
  • Viking plundering of monasteries during 800s
    and 900s threatened the Church.
  • Moslems threatened Europe and Christianity
  • The lower clergy was barely literate
  • Church leaders were often corrupt

5
PROBLEMS OF THE CHURCH
  • Marriage of the clergy - forbidden by Church law
  • Simony - Buying selling of Church positions.
  • Lay Investiture - Granting of authority to clergy
    members by kings or nobles.
  • Corruption of some popes who had been chosen by
    civil leaders.

6
ATTEMPTS AT CHURCH REFORM
  • Pope Leo IX and Pope Gregory VII enforced laws
    against simony and marriage of clergy
  • Pope Gregory VII ends Lay Investiture
  • Church decrees that all future popes would be
    chosen by a College of Cardinals.
  • The Inquisition was formed to find and judge
    heretics. Heretics could repent, be tortured, or
    be killed
  • The papal curia was a group set up to advise the
    pope in spiritual and political matters

7
SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH
  • Baptism - Symbolizes purification of the soul.
  • Confirmation - strengthening by the Holy Spirit.
  • Holy Communion - Symbolic of the blood and body
    of Jesus.
  • Penance - Confession of Sins.
  • Extreme Unction - Annointing of the sick.
    Administering of the Last Rites.
  • Matrimony-Spiritual agreement between husband
    and wife.
  • Holy Orders - Ordination into the clergy.

8
ATTEMPTS AT CHURCH REFORM
  • 5. How did the Pope and Church deal with heretics
    and other disobedient people and rulers
    throughout Europe?
  • WEAPONS OF THE CHURCH
  • Excommunication - Cut individuals off from the
    Church. Could no longer receive the sacraments
  • Interdict - Cut off sacraments to an entire
    region or nation

9
Role of Friars in the Church
  • FRIARS - Traveling clergy members who fought
    against heresy and attempted to win back
    heretics.
  • TWO ORDERS OF FRIARS
  • Dominicans - Spanish order founded by Dominic and
    who emphasized scholarship. Friars wore white
    robes.
  • Franciscans - Italian order founded by St.
    Francis of Assisi. Wore brown robes.

10
ORGANIZATION OF THE CHURCH
  • BISHOPS
  • Administered a Diocese of several parishes
  • Appointed Parish Priests
  • Administered Provinces
  • Administered sacraments of Confirmation
    Ordination
  • PARISH PRIESTS
  • Usually of peasant origins
  • Limited formal education
  • Conducted Church services
  • Administered most sacraments
  • Supervised moral and religious instruction of
    parishioners
  • POPE AND CURIA
  • Spiritual /political leader
  • Advised by a council called the Curia
  • Wielded great power and influence over civil
    rulers
  • ARCHBISHOPS
  • Administered Provinces
  • Had authority over Bishops and their Diocese
  • Helped set Church policy

11
CHURCH ARCHITECTURE
  • ROMANESQUE (1000-1200)
  • Low thick walls with small windows
  • Arched doorways like Roman buildings
  • Walls painted in brilliant colors
  • Adorned with statues and icons
  • GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE (LATE 1100S)
  • Tall thin walls with large glass windows
  • Flying buttresses support high walls and roofs
  • High vaulted ceilings
  • Adorned with stained glass windows of religious
    scenes

12
Romanesque
Gothic
13
Romanesque Architecture
  • Low Thick Walls
  • Roman Arches
  • Small Windows
  • Ornate Interiors

14
Gothic Architecture
Towering Spires
Flying Buttresses
15
Gothic Cathedrals Chartres, France
16
Notre Dame Cathedral Paris, France
17
Pope Urban II Calling for the First Crusade
18
Christian Crusades East and West
19
MONASTERIES CONVENTS
  • Communities for monks and nuns
  • Provided schools for training of the clergy
  • Preserved classical and religious manuscripts
  • Provided medical care and assistance for poor
  • Became great centers of wealth
  • THE BENEDICTINE RULE
  • Must vow to stay for life
  • Spend 7 hours a day in manual labor
  • Two hours daily devoted to reading the Bible
  • Pray and worship 8 times daily
  • Meals should be limited with no red meat allowed
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