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Discipling Nations

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Title: Discipling Nations


1
Building
Love the Lord your God with all your heart and
with all your soul and with all your mind. This
is the first and greatest commandment. And the
second is like it Love your neighbour as
yourself. Matthew 2239
PRESENTATION BY MARG POLLON FOUNDER/DIRECTOR
BRIDGES OF LOVE
2
Indonesia
  • Cases 112
  • Deaths 90
  • Last Reported Case Nov. 5, 2007

3
"Low ProbabilityHigh Impact Event"
  • A pandemic refers to a communicable disease that
    happens all over the world, meaning every
    continent, and every country within those
    continents, irrespective of operative
    governments, religious affiliations, or political
    philosophy. A pandemic disease is pretty much an
    equal opportunity disease, as a novel influenza
    virus would certainly be.
  • Pandemic Influenza Pandemics have been recorded
    every 10 to 40 years for at least five centuries,
    with some evidence dating back a thousand years.
    There have been three influenza pandemics since
    1900 (1918, 1957, 1968).
  • Low ProbabilityHigh Impact Event
  • Simple and concise, describes the potential of
    H5N1

4
PANDEMIC INFLUENZA HISTORY
  • Spanish Flu 1918 (H1N1)
  • 20 - 40 million deaths (Canada 50,000 deaths)
  • half of world population infected
  • Asian Flu 1957 (H2N2)
  • Over 1 million deaths worldwide
  • Hong Kong Flu 1968 (H3N2)
  • Approximately 1 million deaths worldwide

5
(No Transcript)
6
Overview of Pandemics
  • Increased air travel between distant countries
    has dramatically increased the rate at which
    infected persons can spread disease to
    disease-free regions.
  • (e.g., spread of SARS from Hong Kong to Canada).
  • It is practically impossible to prevent the
    occurrence of future pandemic(s).
  • We may, however, be able to control the impact
    of a pandemic by various public health measures.

7
Origin of the Flu
  • The avian (bird) population is the source of ALL
    flu viruses, including the seasonal flu that we
    experience every year. When a new strain (novel)
    emerges that humans have not been infected with
    previously, then the potential for a pandemic
    develops. An unusually virulent influenza strain
    began to be seen in Asia in about 1997 that was
    designated H5N1. This avian influenza strain has
    come to be known as bird flu.

8
Why is there concern about Avian Flu?
It is difficult to predict when the next
influenza pandemic will occur or how severe it
will be. Wherever and whenever a pandemic
starts, everyone around the world is at risk.
Countries might, through measures such as border
closures and travel restrictions, delay arrival
of the virus, but no-one can stop it. Health
professionals are concerned that the continued
spread of a highly pathogenic avian H5N1 virus
across Asia, Europe and Africa and other
countries represents a significant threat to
human health. The H5N1 virus has raised concerns
about a potential human pandemic because
9
Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) H5N1(Requirements,
current level of risk)
  • Highly virulent
  • - Humans do not have pre-existing immunity.
  • It is being spread by migratory birds
  • It can be transmitted from birds to mammals and
    in some limited circumstances to humans.
  • It currently has a extremely high mortality rate
    of those infected (approximately 60 )
  • Like other influenza viruses, it continues to
    evolve, and appears to be coming better at
    infecting humans over time.

10
The Spread
  • Since the start of 2003, the H5N1 virus has
    spread to over 30 countries in Asia, Europe and
    Africa in migratory birds and poultry. It is
    expected that the virus will also spread to North
    America through the migratory bird population
    within the next several months to a year.

11
Migratory Bird Flyways
The Avian Flu Crisis an Economic Update Dr.
Sherry Cooper, BMO Nesbitt Burns
12
MIGRATORY BIRDS ON THE PRAIRIES
13
An outbreak of highly contagious bird flu that
began in Southeast Asia three years ago has now
spread to Europe, the Middle East and West
Africa. More than 200 million domestic birds have
been killed to halt the advance of the virus,
called H5N1. Scientists believe the virus could
evolve and acquire characteristics that would
make it easily transmissible among human beings,
causing a global influenza pandemic. It is not a
matter of if but when will it occur.
14
LOCATION OF CONFIRMED HUMAN CASES
15
Total number of cases includes number of
deaths.WHO reports only laboratory-confirmed
cases. All dates refer to onset of illness.
A/(H5N1) Reported to WHO 12 November 2007
Country   2003 2003 2004 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2007 2007 Total Total
Country   cases deaths cases deaths cases deaths cases deaths cases deaths cases deaths
Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 5 0 0 8 5
Cambodia 0 0 0 0 4 4 2 2 1 1 7 7
China 1 1 0 0 8 5 13 8 3 2 25 16
Djibouti 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 10 20 5 38 15
Indonesia  0 0 0 0 20 13 55 45 38 33 113 91
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0 3 2
Lao People's Democratic Republic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2
Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
Thailand 0 0 17 12 5 2 3 3 0 0 25 17
Turkey 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 4 0 0 12 4
Viet Nam 3 3 29 20 61 19 0 0 7 4 100 46
Total 4 4 46 32 98 43 115 79 72 48 335 206
16
AGE PROFILE OF HUMAN CASES
17
What Makes H5N1 Such a Potential Pandemic
Candidate?
  • Since 2003, H5N1 has infected 335 people,
    resulting in 206 fatalities according to the WHO
    figures dated Nov. 5, 2007. Of those who became
    ill many are presumed to have been infected by
    handling or eating infected poultry, but there
    are a few that there is no direct link to
    infected birds, and a few more that are
    scientifically postulated to have been infected
    via exposure to another infected person, genuine
    human-to-human transmission.

18
Criteria for a Pandemic to Occur
  • There needs to be a novel influenza virus (ie.
    Major shift in its makeup) that can infect
    people. (Yes, the bird flu of type H5N1 has
    mutated over the past few years and appears to
    have the ability to infect humans but not
    effectively and a variety of other species)
  • There needs to be a lack of immunity among
    humans and
  • There needs to be human-to-human spread of the
    virus. (World Health Organization, says there is
    growing evidence of multiple family clusters of
    illnessin Indonesia particularly.
  • Currently, H5N1 infects the lower airway (lungs)
    rather than upper airway (nasal passages), so it
    is not easy to transmit from human-to-human

19
What to Expect in a Pandemic
  • A pandemic would spread across Canada within
    weeks and could cause
  • Disease in up to 35 of population
  • Inability of health care system to respond to the
    demand
  • Disruption of daily life (day care, mass transit,
    business, factories, utilities, etc)
  • Statistics
  • 62 million deaths world wide (conservative stats)
  • Cases 335 Deaths 206 60 Mortality Rate,
    Nov. 5, 2007

20
WHO - SIX DISTINCT PHASES
  • Six distinct phases have been defined to
    facilitate pandemic preparedness planning, with
    roles defined for governments, industry, and WHO.
    The present situation is categorized as phase 3
    a virus new to humans is causing infections, but
    does not spread easily from one person to another.

21
WHO Phases
22
WHO 10 things we need to know about a Pandemic
influenza
  • Pandemic is different from avian influenza
  • Influenza pandemic are recurring events
  • The world may be on the brink of another pandemic
  • All countries will be affected
  • Widespread illness will occur
  • Medical supplies will be inadequate
  • Large numbers of deaths will occur
  • Economic and Social disruption will be great
  • Every country must be prepared
  • WHO will alert the world when the pandemic threat
    increases.

23
AVIAN POPULATION TO HUMAN POPULATION How
Pandemics Occur
1. Avian virus adapts to humans through genetic
mutations
Migratory water birds
Domestic Birds
Humans
Pigs can be infected by avian viruses and human
viruses
2. Avian virus adapts to humans
through genetic mixing
24
ANNUAL (Seasonal) FLU VERSUS PANDEMIC FLU
Existing Flu Viruses
New Type A
Type B
Type A
Molecular Drift (Annual Flu)
Molecular shift
PANDEMIC
25
IMPLICATIONS FOR INFLUENZA IN A MODERN WORLD
  • World Population
  • 1918 1.75B, 1957 2.75B,
  • 1968 3.65B, 2006 6.5B
  • Travel
  • Urbanization
  • Poultry population and agricultural practices
  • a global economy based on just-in-time delivery
  • Vaccine and antiviral drug production systems
    that are outdated and inadequate
  • Lack of medical care resources

Dr. Sherry Cooper, BMO NesbittBurns
26
HUMAN PANDEMIC INFLUENZA CRITERIA
  • A novel virus
  • - new (e.g. H5N1)
  • - out of circulation for years (e.g. H2N2)
  • A susceptible population
  • - no resistance/immunity
  • - experiences high virulence (morbidity/mortality)
  • Sustained person-to-person transmission

27
UNDERSTANDING THE SPREAD OF INFECTIONS
28
INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND SOCIAL NETWORKS
1st Generation - - 60
2nd Generation -- 900
3rd Generation 13,500
4th Generation 202,500
29
How Does Influenza Spread?
  • Influenza is spread primarily via infected
    respiratory droplets and also via contact with
    contaminated hands and surfaces
  • The onset of clinical illness after the initial
    exposure (the incubation period) is usually
    short 1 to 3 days (range 1-7 days)
  • An infected person may shed the virus one day
    before the onset of symptoms and continue for 5
    days after symptom onset, however, transmission
    is most efficient during the first 3 days of
    illness when symptoms, such as cough and fever,
    are present and viral shedding is highest

30
Prevention
  • Efforts are underway to develop a bird flu
    vaccine, however, since the virus mutates
    rapidly, it is not clear whether this strategy
    will be successful in the event of a pandemic.

H5N1 Virions CDC 2006
31
INFECTION CONTROL
  • People can take certain steps to reduce their
    chances of infection
  • respiratory hygiene
  • hand washing,
  • In general, public health measures such as
    quarantine, wearing masks in public, entry
    screening etc. will not prevent the spread of the
    disease into communities.
  • Once in a community it will spread rapidly (4-6
    weeks first wave, with potentially more severe
    second or third waves)
  • Pandemic will affect all sectors including
    essential service providers (fire, police,
    military, transportation services, government
    emergency social services, health, etc).
  • All provinces and territories, possibly all
    countries, may be affected at once, ruling out
    significant mutual aid support or sharing of
    resources.

32
Can we STOP a Pandemic?
  • The measures that are being taken to prevent or
    stop the spread includes slaughter of infected or
    suspect bird flocks, vaccination, quarantine of
    infected individuals, early treatment of exposed
    individuals with antiviral drugs, and general
    quarantine of communities where influenza is
    present or suspected. Currently, the federal
    government is monitoring the emergence of
    influenza of any type, and is assessing the risk
    for human-to-human transmission wherever bird flu
    is evident. This is stockpiling of antiviral
    medications, but there will not be sufficient
    amounts of antiviral medications to treat
    everyone.

33
Treatment
  • There is no specific treatment for bird flu.
    Medical care focuses on symptom management. The
    first line is to treat with antiviral medications
    such as oseltamivier (Tamiflu). This strategy is
    useful only before florid infection is
    established. The supply of Tamiflu may be
    limited, and much of current supplies are
    stockpiled in reserve for first responders and
    health care providers. Medical care also focuses
    on symptomatic care with intravenous fluids for
    rehydration and antibiotics for treatment of
    secondary bacterial pneumonia. The use of
    ventilators for the most severely ill will be
    limited by the need for skilled personnel to
    operate and maintain the equipment and skilled
    nurses to monitor the patients using the
    ventilators.

34
Health Impacts of Pandemics
  • Assumptions for planning
  • 15-35 of the population will be clinically ill
    over the course of the pandemic and of these
  • assume that the majority of cases occur in the
    first wave (e.g. for a clinical attack rate of
    35, plan for 25 illness rate over 6 weeks in
    the first wave)
  • 50 will not require clinical care
  • up to 50 will seek outpatient care
  • 1 will be hospitalized
  • 0.4 will die

35
Health Impacts of a Pandemic in Canada
  • Moderate severity and no vaccines or antivirals
    scenario
  • 11,000 to 58,000 deaths
  • 34,000 to 138,000 hospitalizations
  • 2 to 5 million outpatients
  • 4.5 to 10.6 million clinically ill but no formal
    care
  • Economic costs
  • health care 330 million to 1.4 billion
  • societal (lost productivity) 5 to 38 billion

U.S. Meltzer Model adapted
36
BEING PREPARED CONTINGENCY PLANNING
HEALTH IMPACT Severe loss of life over many
months
SOCIAL REPERCUSSIONS Fear of close proximity to
people may isolate many in a community. Heavy
demand from Staff to work from their home.
ECONOMIC EFFECT Companies going out of business
due to a drop in their services and many may face
a loss of employment causing a reduced cash flow
within the community.
COMMUNITY EFFECT Traditional health service
facilities may be overwhelmed with demands for
care. Illness among local government employees
may mean an interruption of critical community
services, such as water supply, waste disposal,
sanitation and maintenance of infrasturcture.
37
BUT TODAY IS ABOUT MUCH MORE THAN PANDEMIC
INFLUENZA ITS ALSO ABOUT
BEING READY FOR ANY EMERGENCY
BECOMING A CHURCH PREPARED
ENGAGING OUR COMMUNITIES
ITS ALSO ABOUT WORKING TOGETHER
38
GOALS OF PANDEMIC INFLUENZA PREPAREDNESS AND
RESPONSE
  • To ensure the faith community is effectively
    integrated into a pandemic response structure
    before a pandemic occurs and
  • To create a meaningful dialogue to ensure the
    faith community is addressing pandemic
    proactively, responsibly and with meaningful
    action.

39
FAITH-BASED COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS PANDEMIC
INFLUENZA PREPAREDNESS CHECKLIST
  • 1. Plan for the impact of a pandemic on your
    organization and its mission.
  • 2. Communicate with and educate your staff,
    members, and persons in the
  • communities that you serve.
  • 3. Plan for the impact of a pandemic on your
    staff, members, and the communities you serve.
  • 4. Set up policies to follow during a pandemic.
  • 5. Allocate resources to protect your staff,
    members, and persons in the communities that you
    serve during a pandemic.
  • 6. Coordinate with external organizations and
    help your community.

40
PLAN AHEAD
41
PREPAREDNESS IS MULTI-DIMENSIONAL
  • Communication Plan (Internal)
  • Communication Outside of the Church (External)
  • Education and Training for Church Community
  • Reprioritization of Church Resources
  • Pastoral Care, Death/Dying Support
  • Ethical Considerations

42
SIMPLY CARING
  • Considering that hospitals will be working at
    full capacity simply treating the very ill, the
    mildly and moderately ill will likely need to be
    cared for at home. Most such home care will be
    very basic nursing (hydration, feeding, general
    care). Anxiety will likely be compounded due to
    the disruption of normal social and economic
    activities. Individuals and family units wanting
    to look out for their own interests will be most
    effective if they connect with their close
    neighbours, forming small groups for the purpose
    of mutual assistance.

43
POSSIBLE TASKS FOR CHURCH INITIATED MUTUAL
ASSISTANCE GROUPS (MAGS)
  • The fear of the unknown has historically set
    pandemic response efforts apart from normal
    emergency response. As I try to help others, will
    I bring the flu home to infect my family?
    Therefore, concise, clear, authoritative,
    relevant, and current information is essential to
    have an effective response. MAGs can act as
    channels for such ongoing education as it is
    deemed necessary.

44
DENOMINATIONAL SURVEYNovember, 2007
  • 1. On a scale of 1 to 10, how likely do you
    feel it is that we will see a change in the
    existing bird flu such that a human flu pandemic
    will occur in the next 10 years?
  • 10 (10)
  • 9 (10)
  • 8 (30)
  • 7 (10)
  • 6 (0)
  • 5 (20)
  • 4 (10)
  • 3 (10)

45
DENOMINATIONAL SURVEYNovember, 2007
  • 2. Do you feel that making plans to minimize
    transmission, mitigate the effect, and help bring
    healing through the course of an influenza
    pandemic, could be an activity that would connect
    the local church with the community?
  • Yes 70
  • Somewhat 30
  • Not Much 0
  • No 0

46
DENOMINATIONAL SURVEYNovember, 2007
  • 3. If your denomination chose to disseminate
    information and suggestions in this regard to
    your member churches, would you know where to
    access accurate AND relevant information?
  • Yes 50
  • No 10
  • No, but I would be interested to find out 40
  • No, and I dont sense this is relevant to our
    mission 0

47
DENOMINATIONAL SURVEYNovember, 2007
  • 4. When the next influenza pandemic begins, as
    has occurred every few decades for centuries, it
    will require an immediate and highly-coordinated
    church response. On a scale of 1 to10 (highest)
    how important do you feel it is to implement the
    following prior to a pandemic?
  • Prayer 8.9
  • Communication Plan 8.3
  • Education and Training 8.3
  • Individual/Family Preparedness 8.3
  • Know Your Community 8.1
  • Take Stock of Resources 8.2
  • Build Relationships with your local health region
    8.00

48
DENOMINATIONAL SURVEYNovember, 2007
  • 5. A pandemic of global proportions will
    require a global response. Has your denomination
    had the opportunity to assess the potential
    impact this would have on your overseas
    missionaries or ministries?
  • Yes 40
  • No 60

49
DENOMINATIONAL SURVEYNovember, 2007
  • 6. It is the local response that will have
    the greatest impact on minimizing the effects of
    a pandemic. Would it, therefore, be valuable to
    organize a Regional Faith Community Summit on
    Pandemic Preparedness and Response in each
    Province?
  • Yes 70
  • No, our denomination does not wish to pursue this
    further 0
  • I would like to have further dialogue to discuss
    a Regional Summit in more detail - 30

50
REGIONAL FAITH COMMUNITY SUMMIT ON PANDEMIC
PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE
  • FACILITATOR Bridges of Love Ministry
  • HOST Rocky Mountain University College -
    Calgary, AB
  • DATE May 14/15, 2008

51
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY




52
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Public Health Effects 25-40 of population ill?



53
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Public Health Effects 25-40 of population ill?
Public Services Decreased essential services?


54
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Public Health Effects 25-40 of population ill?
Public Services Decreased essential services?
Social Disruptions Community buildings closed?

55
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Public Health Effects 25-40 of population ill?
Public Services Decreased essential services?
Social Disruptions Community buildings closed?
Economic Impacts Business continuity? Jobs?
56
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY




57
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Internal response Caring for our own members?



58
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Internal response Caring for our own members?
Equipping for service Members serving neighbours?


59
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Internal response Caring for our own members?
Equipping for service Members serving neighbours?
Community outreach Working with other groups?

60
HOW WOULD THE FOLLOWING IMPACT YOU? CHURCH AGENCY FAMILY
Internal response Caring for our own members?
Equipping for service Members serving neighbours?
Community outreach Working with other groups?
Municipal cooperation Working with government?
61
FEDERAL DEPUTY MINISTERS COMMITTEE FOR PANDEMIC
INFLUENZA PLANNING
  • To provide for a more holistic view of pandemic
    planning
  • Over 20 Federal Departments involved
  • 6 Working Groups
  • International Issues
  • Federal Business Continuity and Human Resources
  • Public Health and Emergency Management
  • Communications
  • Economic and Social Impacts
  • Private Sector

62
COMMUNITY BASED INTERVENTIONS
  • Recommended
  • Stay home from public events/locations if you
    have fever and new onset of respiratory symptoms
  • Consider school and daycare closure
  • Restriction of indoor public gatherings other
    than schools if high-risk settings can be
    identified
  • Not Recommended
  • Broad restrictions on indoor public gatherings
  • Use of masks by well individuals (not including
    care-providers)

63
PERSONAL PREPAREDNESS MEASURES
  • Clean your hands! (Soap 15-20 seconds/Gels)
  • Cough and sneeze etiquette.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact (Social Distancing Measures).
    (Dont get..Dont spread!)
  • Stay at home if you are sick.
  • Self sustainability at home (food, water)
  • Consult a HC Provider when needed.
  • Practice other good health habits.

64
WE HAVE A RESPONSIBLITY
  • Good Health Habits
  • Proper nutrition
  • Exercise
  • Manage stress
  • Plenty of fluids
  • Get your flu shots!
  • Family Preparedness
  • Family Awareness
  • Family Plans and Preparations (Any Emergency)

65
INVESTIGATE ALTERNATE PLANS
  • Practice respiratory etiquette and infection
    control techniques such as
  • Good hand hygiene
  • Covering your cough and sneeze
  • Keeping living and work areas clean
  • Keeping your distance
  • Gather supplies, food, medicines, cash, and
    water for your home
  • Create a family/friend communication plan
    (MAGs)
  • Learn about personal protective supplies

66
Critical Health Practices
  • Cover your mouth when coughing
  • Wash hands often and thoroughly
  • Use a hand sanitizer before eating
  • in a public place
  • Once an influenza strain evolves with capacity
    to infect humans, person-to-person spread by
    respiratory transmission leads to widespread
    human disease.

67
If you are feeling under the weather
  • STAY AWAY FROM OTHERS UNTIL YOU ARE WELL AGAIN
  • A newly infected influenza patient may shed
    infectious virus particles before becoming
    symptomatic, so spread is rapid when people
    congregate in confined spaces.

68
STOCK PILE SIX WEEKS FOOD AND WATER
One week groceries for a family of four Dont
depend on your favorite pizza parlor to be
operational
69
BRIDGING THE GAP
  • Any community that fails to prepare, with the
    expectation that the federal government, or for
    that matter, even the state government will come
    to their rescue at the final moment will be
    tragically wrong.
  • Michael Leavitt, Secretary of Health and Human
    Services

70
THE NEED TO PREPARE FOR A HUMAN PANDEMIC INFLUENZA
  • Not just a health care problem. A societal
    problem.
  • Potentially Pervasive, Profound, Prolonged
  • Start Planning Now
  • The Pandemic Clock is ticking
  • Governmental officials and community leaders are
    working to prepare for the worst, while hoping
    for the best.

71
DUTY TO ACT
  • The Faith Community is ethically, spiritually
    and morally bound to spearhead Avian Flu
    preparation and mitigation efforts, to be a
    visible and influential pillar of the local
    community.
  • We are here to serve and look forward to this
    opportunity to collaborate with Health and
    Government officials to address this very
    important social issue.
  • We need to simply and practically care for and
    truly love our neighbours.

72
WHY??
  • Because we love our God!
  • Our responsiveness is always determined by a
    continuing exploration of the distinctive
    identity and purpose of the church as the
    community called to witness to Gods mighty work
    in Jesus Christ.

73
GET READYPutting Feet to our Faith
  • We dont have to be gifted or brilliant to be a
    servant
  • and good neighbour.We just have to be willing...
    Chuck Swindoll
  • While the major sources of pandemic influenza
    planning can provide volumes of background
    information on the nature of the threat and make
    recommendations for a global or national
    response, it is the local response that will have
    the greatest impact on minimizing the effects of
    a pandemic. In fact, the larger and more
    widespread the pandemic, the more local the
    response will have to be.
  • Pandemic Influenza Planning by Vernon Dorisson
  • Get Ready

74
AN OVER-WHELMING TASK?More questions than
answers
  • All are manageable!
  • Prayer
  • Spiritual Readiness
  • Physical Readiness
  • Relationship Readiness
  • More Prayer

75
The only things that is more difficult
than planning for an emergency is
having to explain why WE didnt!

THE CHOICE IS OURS
76
SPECIAL THANKS
  • My sincere appreciate to Dr. Tim Foggin who has
    been a mentor and friend. Tim opened the door
    for Bridges of Love to engage in Pandemic
    Preparedness connecting the church with the
    community in which it is found. Also
  • Special thanks to Larry Bredesen, Public Health
    Agency of Canada, who very kindly shared valuable
    information for this Point Point presentation.
    And to
  • Reverend Phillip C. Cato, Ph.D Maryland, US who
    shared his work and passion for engaging the
    church in Pandemic Preparedness.

77
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON BUILDING BRIDGES OF LOVE
THOUGH PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS
Marg Pollon Bridges of Love Ministry Living
Proof of a Loving God 403.263.5683 (o) -
403.616.0536 (c) Email  margpollon_at_bridgesoflove.
net Web   www.bridgesoflove.ne
t      
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