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FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

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Title: FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE & LITERARY DEVICES Author: Computer Last modified by: LAUSD user Created Date: 8/12/2009 2:16:40 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE


1
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE LITERARY DEVICES
2
WHAT IS FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE?
  • Figurative language presents ordinary things in
    fresh ways, communicating ideas that go beyond
    words ordinary meanings.
  • HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES

3
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE ITS LIKE A SIMILE
  • a comparison of two unlike things using the
    words like or as.
  • Examples of simile
  • Life is like a box of chocolates.
  • The girl is as beautiful as a rose.
  • The willow is like an etching

4
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE IT IS A METAPHOR
  • a comparison of two unlike things without using
    the words like or as.
  • Examples of metaphor
  • My father is a tall, sturdy oak.
  • The hotel is a diamond in the sky.
  • who knows if the moons a balloon

5
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE PERSONIFICATION
  • the giving of human qualities to an animal,
    object, or idea.
  • Examples of personification
  • Hunger sat shivering on the road.
  • The flowers danced on the lawn.
  • SpongeBob SquarePants and Smokey the Bear are
    personified characters.

6
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE HYPERBOLE
  • - an exaggerated statement used to make a point.
  • Examples of hyperbole
  • An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
  • I could sleep for a year.
  • This book weighs a ton.

7
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE IMAGINE THE IMAGERY
  • -figures of speech or vivid descriptions used to
    produce mental images (appeal to the five
    senses).
  • Examples of imagery
  • Her clammy back felt like bark of the tree after
    a summers rain.
  • the small pond behind my house was lapping at
    its banks
  • The willows music is like a soprano

8
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE IDIOMS
Idioms are expressions that people use in
everyday language. Idioms dont make literal
sense, but we understand what they mean.
  • Examples of Idioms
  • Up the creek without a paddle.
  • (means a situation involving trouble)
  • After kicking a goal, Tony felt on top of
  • the world.
  • (means he was excited)

9
IDIOMS-continued
  • Examples of Idioms
  • She cried crocodile tears
  • (means she was not crying she was faking it)
  • They are two pees in a pod
  • (means they are so alike)

10
WHAT IS Allusion?
  • An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a
    reference to a place, person, or something that
    happened. This can be real or Imaginary and may
    refer to anything, including paintings, opera,
    folk lore, mythical figures, or religious
    manuscripts. The reference can be direct or may
    be inferred, and can broaden the readers
    understanding.

11
Literary Allusion
  • Examples that ALLUDE to people or events in
    literature.
  • I was surprised his nose was not growing like
    Pinocchios. This refers to the story of
    Pinocchio, where his nose grew whenever he told a
    lie.
  • It is from The Adventures of Pinocchio,
    written by Carlo Collodi. 
  • When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge,
    and refused to buy anything that wasnt
    necessary. Scrooge was an extremely stingy
    character from Charles Dickens, A Christmas
    Carol. 
  • He was a real Romeo with the ladies. Romeo was
    a character in Shakespeares play, Romeo and
    Juliet, and was very romantic in expressing his
    love for Juliet.  

12
BIBLICAL ALLUSSIONS
  • THERE ARE MANY BIBLICAL ALLUSIONS THAT ARE USED
    IN OUR EVERYDAY LANGUAGE AND IN WRITING
  • He was a Good Samaritan yesterday when he helped
    the lady start her car. This refers to the
    biblical story of the Good Samaritan. 
  • She turned the other cheek after she was cheated
    out of a promotion.
  • This comes from teaching of Jesus that you
    should not get revenge. 
  • This place is like a Garden of Eden. The Garden
    of Eden was the paradise God made for Adam and
    Eve. 
  • You are a Solomon when it comes to making
    decisions.
  • This refers to King Solomon, who was very
    wise.
  • When the volcano erupted, the nearby forest was
    swallowed up in dust and ash like Jonah. Jonah
    was a person who was swallowed alive by a whale. 
  • It is raining so hard, I hope it doesnt rain
    for 40 days and 40 nights. This makes a
    reference to the biblical story of Noah and the
    ark he built. He was told by God that it would
    rain for 40 days and 40 nights and flood the
    land.

13
WHAT IS A SOUND DEVICE?
  • The effect of a poem can depend on the sound of
    its words.
  • HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES

14
SOUND DEVICE SOUNDS LIKE ONOMATOPOEIA
  • - the use of words whose sounds suggest their
    meanings.
  • Examples of onomatopoeia
  • The bang of a gun.
  • The hiss of a snake.
  • The buzz of a bee.
  • The pop of a firecracker.

15
SOUND DEVICE REPETITION
  • - the repeating of sound, words, phrases or lines
    in a poem used to emphasize an idea or convey a
    certain feeling.
  • Examples of repetition
  • Sing a song full of faith that the dark past has
    taught us, Sing a song of the hope that the
    present has brought us
  • I think I can, I think I can, I think I can, I
    think I can
  • The isolation during my vacation created a
    situation of relaxation.

16
SOUND DEVICE I RHYME ALL THE TIME AND I GUESS
IT SOUNDS FINE
  • - repetition of sound at the ends of words.
    (Rhyme occurring within a line is called internal
    rhyme. Rhyme occurring at the end of a line is
    called end rhyme)
  • Rhyme Scheme the pattern of end rhyme in a
    poem. Lines that rhyme are given the same
    letter.
  •  
  • Example of internal rhyme, end rhyme, and rhyme
    scheme
  • I looked at the shell in the ocean a
  • I looked at the bell in the sea, b
  • I noticed the smell and the motion a
  • Were very peculiar to me. b

17
SOUND DEVICE DO YOU HAVE RHYTHM? LETS CLAP!
  • the pattern of sound created by stressed (more
    emphasis, ) and unstressed (less emphasis, ?)
    syllables. Many poems are given diacritical
    markings ( and ?) depending on the rhythm.
  • Example of rhythm
  • I looked at the shell in the ocean
  • I looked at the bell in the sea,
  • I noticed the smell and the motion
  • Were very peculiar to me.

18
SOUND DEVICE ASSONANCE
  • - repetition of VOWEL SOUNDS at the BEGINNING,
    MIDDLE or END of at least two words in a line of
    poetry.
  • Examples of Assonance
  • Repeating the eh sound in the words
    crescent, flesh, extending, medicine and
    death

19
SOUND DEVICE CONSONANCE
  • - repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the
    BEGINNING, MIDDLE or END of at least two words in
    a line of poetry.
  • Examples of Consonance
  • Repeating the sh sound in the words shush,
    wish, sharp, cushion and quash

20
SOUND DEVICE ALLITERATION
  • - repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the BEGINNING
    of at least two words in a line of poetry.
    Example of alliteration
  • Examples of Alliteration
  • the frog frolicked frivolously on the forest
    floor.
  • Little skinny shoulder blades Sticking through
    your clothes
  • struck out by a steed flying fearless and
    fleet

21
WHAT IS FORM?
  • The form of a poem involves the physical
    arrangement of the words on the page, sometimes
    involving rhyme and rhythm.
  • LINE a sentence or fragment of sentence.
  • STANZA a group of more than one line.
  • HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF FORM

22
FORM COUPLET
  • -a pair of lines that rhyme. A couplet may be a
    poem in itself or part of a larger poem.
  • What is an example of a COUPLET?
  • The artist stirred some blue and green
  • To paint an underwater scene.

23
FORM HAIKU
  • -an unrhymed poem consisting of three lines and
    seventeen (17) syllables. These poems are
    normally about nature.
  • The first line is five (5) syllables.
  • The second line is seven (7) syllables.
  • The third line is five (5) syllables.
  • What is an example of a HAIKU?
  • The autumn wind blows, (5 syllables)
  • Calling the leaves on the ground (7 syllables)
  • To join him in dance. (5 syllables)

24
FORM LIMERICK
  • -a humorous five-line poem made up of thirteen
    (13) beats with an AABBA rhyme scheme. The
    poem is named after the city of Limerick in
    Ireland.
  • What is an example of a LIMERICK?
  • There was a young boy from Caboo, (3 beats)
  • Who had trouble tying his shoe. (3 beats)
  • He said to his ox, (2 beats)
  • Ill just walk in my socks. (2 beats)
  • Now all of his friends do that, too! (3 beats)

25
FORM QUATRAIN
  • -a four-line poem of any kind. They are often
    combined to form a larger poem. Its rhyme scheme
    may be AABB, ABAB, ABCB, or ABBA.
  • What is an example of a QUATRAIN?
  •  
  • A robin sitting in a tree (A)
  • Turned her head and winked at me, (A)
  • She sang a song as if to say, (B)
  • Im glad to see you here today. (B)
  • There is nothing quite so peaceful (A)
  • As the sound of gentle rain, (B)
  • Pitter-pitter-patting (C)
  • Against my window pane. (B)

26
FORM CINQUAIN
  • -an unrhymed, five-line poem.
  • The first line is one (1) word that names the
    subject.
  • The second line is two (2) words that describe
    the subject.
  • The third line is three (3) action verbs that
    describe the subject.
  • The fourth line is four (4) words that describe
    a feeling about the subject.
  • The fifth line is one (1) word that is a synonym
    or a summary of the subject. 
  • What is an example of a CINQUAIN?
  •  
  • Butterflies
  • Gentle creatures
  • Fluttering, searching, landing
  • Lovely flashes of light
  • Miracles

27
FORM ENJAMBMENT
  • The running over of a line or thought into the
    next line without a strong break or pause
  • Example
  • Im feeling rather sleepy, but
  • I really dont know why. I guess it
  • is the way the day has spun
  • out of control.

28
FORM FREE VERSE
  • Poetry that does not contain regular patterns of
    rhyme and rhythm. The lines flow more naturally
    and have everyday speech rhythm. Poets who
    write in free verse often use the sound devices
    we have already discussed. Heres an example
    from May Swensons Southbound on the Freeway
  • They all hiss as they glide,
  • like inches, down the marked
  • tapes. Those soft shapes,
  • shadowy inside
  • the hard bodies are they
  • their guts or their brains
  • Label the assonance, consonance and alliteration.
  • What is the effect of the enjambment?

29
ARE THERE ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT TODAYS LESSON
  • FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
  • SOUND DEVICES
  • FORM
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