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Title: Pyramid%20Plus


1
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 1
  • N-Rich the Pyramid

2
Respond
  • Imagine what it would be like to have the car of
    your dreams. How would you treat it? What would
    you do to keep your car in good condition?

3
Respond
  • How can you relate the way you would treat your
    dream car to how you should treat your body?

4
Key Words
  • Nutrient-Rich (N-Rich) foods and beverages that
    have more nutrients and fewer calories.
  • Sometimes Food foods that do not have enough
    nutrients to fit into a food group and are
    usually high in fat, added sugar, and calories.

5
Key Words
  • Handout Key Words Guide
  • Guide will be a reference throughout the entire
    healthy eating unit.
  • Do not lose it!

6
Volunteers
  • 15 Total Coins
  • Separate Coins Into Groups
  • No Wrong Way
  • Explain The Groups

7
Coin Groups
  • Several Ways to Sort Coins
  • Majority of Groups Focused on like
    characteristics.
  • Foods Are Grouped The Same Way

8
Group Activity
  • Divide Into Groups of 2
  • Review the definitions of sometimes food and
    nutrient-rich foods.
  • For each food group, mark one that you think is
    more N-Rich with a M and one that is less
    N-Rich with an L (do this for each sub category
    of meats and beans).
  • Put an S on some foods in each category that
    you would consider a sometimes food.

9
Pyramid Plus Chart
  • Handout Pyramid Plus Chart
  • Students Take 4 -5 Min to Review Chart
  • What do you notice?

10
Pyramid Plus Chart
  • Foods listed in order of how nutrient-rich they
    are per calorie (most to least).
  • Exception meats and beans listed from most to
    least within each sub category.
  • Food lower on the lists give less nutrition per
    calorie compared to foods higher on the list. ALL
    have nutritional value and ALL are healthy
    choices.

11
Pyramid Plus Chart
  • Look back at the Nutrient-Rich ? Less Nutrient
    Rich group activity.
  • Compare your answers with the pyramid plus chart.
  • How well did you do?

12
Look Back Coin Activity
  • Just like the coins, the pyramid plus chart has
    separated each food into different categories.
  • Look at the top of each list. Food in each group
    provides a good source for the nutrients listed.

13
Discussion
  • Which foods were more or less N-Rich than you
    thought? Did any foods surprise you?
  • How is the nutrient-rich concept useful?
  • In addition to eating N-Rich foods, you need to
    drink plenty of water. How much?

14
Food Challenge
  • Volunteers
  • What is your favorite food?
  • Is it in the top or bottom half of the pyramid
    chart?
  • If bottom, pick a food in the top half to
    substitute for your favorite food.

15
Key Concept Review
  • Body needs good fuel, maintenance, and care, just
    as cars do.
  • Pyramid Plus Chart show how to maximize nutrition
    for your calories.
  • Good nutrition can include sometimes foods when
    eaten less often or in smaller portions.
  • Most important thing is to eat a variety of
    foods, balance nutrition over several days, and
    enjoy eating.

16
Homework
  • Bring in 2 Food Packages.
  • Not just the label, but the whole package.
  • Write your name on each label or tape a piece of
    paper with your name on it.

17
Tip of The Day!
  • Aim for a colorful plate. Generally, more color
    means more variety and nutrition on your plate!

VS.
18
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 2
  • Eating Your Way Through the Pyramid

19
RESPOND
  • Why do you think it is important to learn about
    nutrition?
  • What nutrition information do you feel you should
    know more about?

20
Moving Forward
  • You have a good idea of what foods you should
    eat.
  • Now, we will look at how much of those foods you
    should eat.

21
MyPyramid Wheel Activity
  • There is not one perfect nutrition plan that fits
    everyone.
  • You are all different, thus you need different
    plans.
  • Influences gender, age, activity level, family
    history, health concerns, etc.

22
MyPyramid Wheel Activity
  • The most important influences age, gender,
    activity levels.
  • Handout MyPyramid Wheels
  • We will need to share. Wait Your Turn!

23
MyPyramid Wheel Activity
  • As age increases, calorie needs decrease.
  • As activity increases, calorie needs increase.
  • CLICK HERE

24
MyPyramid Wheel Activity
  • STUDENTS
  • Find the correct side of wheel (gender).
  • Find your age on the wheel.
  • Determine Activity Levels (be realistic).
  • Find Daily Calorie Level
  • Find Daily Food Recommendations.
  • WRITE YOUR INFO DOWN
  • 2 PIECES OF PAPER - TURN IN ONE

25
Key Terms
  • Oils fats that are liquid at room temperature.
  • Example butter is a fat, olive oil is an oil.
  • Discretionary Calories calories to spend however
    you choose, be it sometimes foods or additional
    food from a food group.

26
How Much Do You Eat?
  • It is hard to judge portion size.
  • If you dont have access to a measuring device,
    what do you do?
  • Handout How Much Do You Eat?
  • CLICK HERE
  • This will help determine the amount you are
    eating.

27
Combination Foods
  • What is a combination food?
  • Give an Example.

28
Combination Foods
  • Combination Food food items that have foods from
    more than one food group.
  • Examples
  • - Pizza - Sandwich
  • - Fajitas - Spaghetti

29
Combination Foods
  • Important to understand how to break down
    combination foods.
  • Cheeseburger is not a food group!
  • If you dont learn to break foods down, then you
    will struggle to eat healthy.

30
Combination Foods
  • How would you break down a cheeseburger
    (combination food) into different food groups?

31
Combination Foods
  • Examples of Food Breakdowns
  • CLICK HERE

32
Key Concept Review
  • We are all unique and need varying amounts of
    food from each group.
  • Important to visualize amounts of food to
    accurately assess your diet.
  • It is important to keep food records to identify
    patterns and to identify improvement areas.

33
Homework
  • You will record everything you eat or drink for
    the next 3 days.
  • Accuracy is very important (what you eat/drink
    and how much).
  • Also keep track of physical activity!

34
Homework
  • Do not change eating habits.
  • Do what you regularly do and keep track of it.
  • You are not graded on habits, but how well you
    record
  • Handout Food Record Sheets CLICK HERE

35
Tip of The Day
  • Sit Less, Move More!
  • Exercise lifts your spirits, improves your mood,
    gives you more energy, and tones muscles.

36
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 3
  • Navigating Mypyramid.gov

37
MyPyramid.gov
  • If a website has .gov in the URL, it is a trusted
    resource.
  • Handout Navigating MyPyramid.gov
  • We will spend the day in the computer lab
    working through this worksheet. If you dont
    finish it is homework!

38
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 4
  • Label Lingo

39
RESPOND
  • How does reading food labels help you eat better?

40
Reading Labels
  • If you can read accurately read labels, you can
    successfully monitor the following
  • - calories - fat
  • - fat - sodium
  • - ingredients - portion size
  • - and more!

41
Reading Labels
  • Handout Sample Label and One Food Label
  • We will work through the worksheet together.
  • DO NOT work ahead!
  • Fill in the blanks as we go. CLICK HERE

42
Sample Label Section 1
  • Serving Size Servings Per Container
  • - Nutritional facts are per serving.
  • - Most packages have more than one serving.
  • - Serving size help calculate/compare foods.
  • - It is okay to eat more or less of a serving,
    but you must calculate that in for your
    recommended daily amounts for the remainder of
    the day.

43
Sample Label Section 2
  • Check Calories
  • - Find your calories on your label.
  • - This is calories per serving, not per package.
  • Stand up if you think you have a food that is
    high in calories. Why do you think this?

44
Sample Label Section 3
  • Limit These Nutrients
  • Why should you limit fat, cholesterol, and
    sodium?

45
Sample Label Section 3
  • Limit These Nutrients
  • Too much fat, cholesterol, and sodium can cause
  • - heart disease
  • - high blood pressure
  • - stroke
  • - diabetes
  • - cancer
  • - obesity

46
Sample Label Section 3
  • Limit These Nutrients
  • How many know of someone suffering from the
    previous illnesses?
  • - By not eating too much fat, cholesterol, and
    sodium at a young age, you decrease your chances
    of getting these illnesses.

47
Sample Label Section 3
  • Limit These Nutrients
  • ACTIVITY
  • With your label, line up (shoulder-to-shoulder)
    from the greatest amount to the least amount of
  • (1) Fat
  • (2) Cholesterol
  • (3) Sodium

Compare/Contrast Foods
48
Sample Label Section 4
  • Get Enough of These Nutrients
  • - Your body needs over 40 nutrients to be
    healthy.
  • - Look at your pyramid chart to find foods high
    in these nutrients.
  • What foods are good for?
  • (a) Vitamin A (b) Vitamin C
  • (c) Calcium (d) Iron

49
Sample Label Section 5
  • Daily Value (DV)
  • - Determine if you are closer to a 2,000 calorie
    diet or a 2,500 calorie diet.
  • - Circle the column that you are closer to. This
    will help you understand your recommended daily
    values.

50
Sample Label Section 6
  • Daily Value
  • - These percentages are for a 2,000 calorie
    diet.
  • - Not everyone is on a 2,000 calorie diet.
  • - Many of you will have s lower or higher.
  • Would a person with a calorie diet higher than
    2,000 have lower or higher percentages shown on
    the label?

51
Sample Label Section 6
  • Daily Value
  • 2,000 Calorie Diet Lower
  • - 2,000 Calorie Diet Higher

52
Sample Label Section 7
  • Ingredients
  • - Ingredients are listed in descending order by
    weight (most to least).
  • - Guess what food this is by the ingredients.
  • (READ FROM LABEL)
  • - Be careful of ingredients (allergies,
    different names).

53
Key Concept Review
  • Nutrition labels allow for people to make
    informed decisions about what and how much to
    eat.
  • Labels can be used to identify the most N-Rich
    foods, especially among foods that seem similar.

54
Tip of The Day
  • If you cant pronounce the ingredients on a
    label, chances are the food item isnt your best
    choice for nutrition.

55
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 5
  • Making Healthy Eating a Habit

56
Respond
  • Define the word habit.
  • Describe one habit you have that is positive and
    one youd like to change.

57
Question
  • GUESS How many food decisions are made each day
    by the average person?

58
ANSWER
  • 200 Food Choices
  • 90 of Choices Made From Habit

59
Exaggerated Story
  • Handout Poor Choice Paula
  • Read the exaggerated story of poor choice
    Paula.
  • As you read, circle all of the poor choices you
    can find.
  • 5 MINS. GO!

60
Poor Choice Paula
  • DISCUSSION
  • (1) Who was Paula doing harm?
  • (2) What habits led to the diseases she was
    diagnosed with?
  • (3) What changes should Paula make?

61
Group Activity
  • County off by 5s
  • Get into your group
  • As a group, come up with at least 5 reasons why
    it is important for them to start eating healthy
    now.

62
Group Activity
  • Starting with group 1, a representative must
    share 1 reason.
  • Repeat 5 times or until we run out of reasons.

63
Group Activity
  • Possible Reasons
  • - form life-long habits now, harder to change
    later
  • - what you eat directly influences
    school/grades, activities, work, looks, how you
    feel
  • - what you eat now will determine quality of
    life later

64
Group Activity
  • Possible Reasons
  • - healthy weight to be healthy, active ? fun
  • - less time and money on medical care
  • - set a good example for others (role model)
  • - prevention/recovery from illnesses

65
Stay In Groups
  • FACT 70-90 of teens do not get enough dairy
    products.
  • FACT 70 - 80 of teens do not eat enough fruits
    and vegetables.
  • Brainstorm
  • Why is it difficult for teens to eat healthy?

66
Project
  • HANDOUT Tackle the Issues - CLICK HERE
  • Websites You Can Trust - CLICK HERE
  • 1. This Project Will Be Done w/Partners
  • 2. Groups Can Only Use Trusted Sites

67
Key Concept Review
  • Lifelong habits often start during teen years.
  • Food is important component of health.
  • Diseases are associated with what you eat.
  • Most teens do not eat properly.

68
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 6
  • Uncovering the Dietary Guidelines

69
Respond
  • Where do you get most of your nutrition/health
    information from?

70
Health Information
  • How do you know if your information is a credible
    source?

71
Health Information
  • ANWERS
  • - organization funded by taxpayers
  • - government website
  • - organization with physicians
  • - organization with registered dietitians

72
Health Information
  • Myth statement that may by widely accepted, but
    is not true.
  • Fact a statement that is not true.
  • Lets explore some myths

73
Group Activity - Myths
  • Myths
  • (1) It doesnt matter what you eat as long as
    you are eating from all 5 food groups.
  • (2) Certain foods make you gain weight easier
    than others.
  • (3) Most teens need to exercise (be physically
    active) at least 20 minutes 3 times a week.

74
Group Activity - Myths
  • Myths
  • (4) The main food group most people need to
    concentrate on eating more of is the Meat and
    Beans group.
  • (5) About 40 of your calories should come from
    fats that you eat.
  • (6) Sugar is the best source of carbohydrates
    for your body.

75
Group Activity - Myths
  • Myths
  • (7) If you quit salting your food, your diet
    will be low in sodium.
  • (8) Alcohol contains nutrients not found in
    food.
  • (9) Wash your hands for 10 seconds before eating
    or cooking.

76
Group Activity - Myth
  • Handout Sorting Nutrition Myths
  • Each group will do research (using good sources)
    on their myth.
  • Any sources are okay, but you must at least use
    the pyramid plus chart (except 9)
  • Complete Part I. When finished, wait for
    instructions.

77
Sorting Nutrition Myths Part II
  • Researched the 9 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • Food pyramid chart is a representation of this.
  • Each group will present their findings.
  • As each guideline is discovered, fill out Part
    II.

78
1 Adequate Nutrients Within Calorie Needs
  • GROUP 1
  • Present Findings

79
1 Adequate Nutrients Within Calorie Needs
  • Eating from all 5 food groups is a start!
  • Also, you should eat from a variety of foods
    within each food group (different nutrients).
  • You must eat the of calories that you burn
    through daily activity.

80
2 Weight Management
  • GROUP 2
  • Present Findings

81
2 Weight Management
  • A calorie is a calorie!
  • Some foods do have more calories than others
    (generally lower on N-Rich list), but
  • Eating too many total calories is what makes you
    gain weight, not the food itself.
  • 3,500 Calories 1 Pound

82
3 Physical Activity
  • GROUP 3
  • Present Findings

83
3 Physical Activity
  • 60 Minutes on Most or All Days of Week
  • It does not have to be all at once.
  • 15 Minutes Here, 30 Minutes There
  • Tons of benefits!

84
4 Food Groups to Encourage
  • Group 4
  • Present Findings

85
4 Food Groups to Encourage
  • All food groups are important.
  • Emphasis is on eating more fruits, vegetables,
    whole grains, and fat free or low fat milk
    products.
  • Most Americans are getting more than enough
    protein (meats and beans).

86
5 - Fats
  • Group 5
  • Present Findings

87
5 - Fats
  • 25 - 35 of calories should come from fat.
  • Most of fat should be polyunsaturated and
    monounsaturated (fish, nuts, oils).
  • Must limit amounts of saturated fats (animal)
  • Eliminate trans fats (processed and packaged
    foods).

88
6 Carbohydrates
  • GROUP 6
  • Present Findings

89
6 Carbohydrates
  • Preferred fuel source of your body.
  • It is best to get natural carbs from the foods
    you eat (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk).
  • Natural carbs, offer tons of health benefits.
  • Sugar offers tons of calories, but no nutritional
    vaule.

90
7 Sodium Potassium
  • GROUP 7
  • Present Findings

91
7 Sodium Potassium
  • Almost all Americans eat more salt than they
    need!
  • Not salting foods is a good way to lower sodium
    intake, but
  • 75 of sodium intake comes from
    packaged/processed foods.
  • Best Read labels, limit those foods.

92
8 Alcoholic Beverages
  • High Calories / No Nutrients
  • Harmful when consumed in excess.
  • Teens should not drink at all.
  • All theorized benefits pertain to
    older/middle-aged adults.

93
9 Food Safety
  • GROUP 9
  • Present Findings

94
9 Food Safety
  • 76,000,000 Americans get Food Poisoning each
    year.
  • Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds (30
    better).
  • Soap Warm/Hot Water
  • Entire surfaces tops, palms, between fingers,
    nails, up the wrist.
  • Dry with a clean towel dont recontamination!

95
Key Concept Review
  • Can be hard to know whether a nutritional
    statement is true or false. UTILIZE RELIABLE
    SOURCES!
  • The Dietary Guidelines for Americans provides
    science-based advice to promote health.

96
Tip of The Day
  • Aim for at least 3 different food groups in each
    meal or snack you eat!
  • 4 or 5 is better!

97
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 7
  • Creating a Personal Nutrition Action Plan

98
Respond
  • Have you ever tried to change the way you eat? If
    so, what and how?

99
Success Failures
  • Not just with food, but
  • Most successes are a result of a plan.
  • HANDOUT Nutrition Action Plan

100
Nutrition Action Plan Part I
  • (1) Circle physical activity calorie needs for
    your gender.
  • (2) Circle corresponding calorie level.

101
Nutrition Action Plan
  • Get out homework (3-day food record).
  • Complete Parts 2 3.
  • Stop at Part 4

102
Nutrition Action Plan
  • Take action plan home.
  • Bring plan to class for next 3 days.
  • Be realistic.

103
Key Concept Review
  • Changes take time, commitment, information, and
    careful planning.
  • Keep working on your plan. Adjust when necessary.

104
Tip of The Day
  • Use the check it section of the pyramid plus
    chart to periodically check your eating habits.

105
Pyramid Plus
  • Chapter 8
  • Body Image

106
Respond
  • Write down 3-5 words to describe yourself.

107
Response
  • Did the responses focus on appearance or
    personality?

108
Body Silhouette Activity
  • Teen Girls Body What is most attractive?
    Vote.
  • (click here)
  • Teen Boys Body What is most attractive?
    Vote.
  • (click here)

109
Teen Girls Body Results
  • Majority of girls select figure 1 or 2 is most
    attractive.
  • Majority of boys dont select the thinnest figure
    as most attractive.
  • Girls Body Results Click Here

110
Teen Boys Body Results
  • Majority of boys and girls select 3 or 4.
  • Figure 3 is healthy, figure 4 is at risk for
    being overweight.
  • Boys Body Results Click Here

111
What is normal?
  • Discussion
  • (1) Why are so many people trying to change
    their weight and body shape?
  • (2) Are people realistic about their
    expectations?

112
What is normal?
  • We are all different.
  • Genes determine the size of our bones, frame,
    feet, nose, and more!
  • Normal can vary between body types.
  • CLICK HERE

113
Weight Issues
  • Maintain Weight eat the same of calories that
    are burned through activity.
  • Lose Weight burn more calories through activity
    than are consumed.
  • Gain Weight consume more calories than are used
    through activity.

114
Weight Issues
  • THINK ABOUT IT
  • - Relate weight change to a bank account.
  • - Deposit more than you withdraw, account
    bigger.
  • - Withdraw more than you deposit, account
    smaller.

115
Respond
  • How can you use the pyramid plus chart to
    increase calories?

116
Answer
  1. Eat more calorie amounts of food suggested.
  2. Allow more food choices from lower on the list.
  3. Eat more often.
  4. Increase discretionary calories.

117
Respond
  • How can you use the Pyramid Plus Chart to
    decrease calories/lose weight?

118
Answer
  1. Cut back on sometimes foods.
  2. Eat most of your foods from the top of the food
    lists.
  3. Eat the right amount of foods for your calories
    needs.
  4. Increase Activity Levels.

119
Added Sugar Activity
  • NOTE One of the best starting points for weight
    loss is changing your choice of beverage.
  • Handout Added Sugar in Beverages
  • Complete worksheet for 4 different beverages!

120
Added Sugar
  • Handout Think Your Drink
  • Soft Drinks are the largest single source of
    calories in the American diet.
  • Sugar provides calories with no nutrition.
  • Sugar can be eliminated or cut back on with no
    negative health effects.

121
In Class
  • Complete
  • Part 4 Reflection, Day 2 Check-In

122
Key Concept Review
  • Everyone born with genetically determined body
    shape. Nothing you can do about it.
  • Media and social pressures influence body image.
  • If you feel a change in weight is necessary,
    carefully evaluate why, consider realistic
    expectations and health factors involved in being
    both over weight and underweight.
  • Seek Advice!

123
Pyramid Plus
  • Lesson 9
  • Quick and Easy Healthy Eating

124
FAST FOOD
  • QUIZ

125
True or False?
  • Americans now eat about 13 billion hamburgers
    a year.

126
  • TRUE

127
True or False?
  • Americans spend about 134 billion dollars per
    year on fast food more than they spend on
    college, computers, or new cars.

128
  • TRUE

129
True or False?
  • The typical American child sees 10,000 junk
    food ads a year.

130
FALSE
  • 20,000 Ads

131
True or False?
  • Half the calories in the average fast food
    meal comes from fat.

132
  • TRUE

133
True or False?
  • Americans eat 11 acres of pizza daily.

134
FALSE
  • 18 Acres

135
Partner Up
  • Each group create a list of pros/cons to
    eating fast food.
  • In 5 minutes we will share!

136
Possible Answers
  • PROS
  • - quick - easy
  • - tastes good - less dishes
  • - less shopping - cheaper than sit-down
  • CONS
  • - high fat/calories - high salt
  • - lower nutrition - low fiber
  • - less variety - larger portions
  • - costs more

137
Homemade Fast Food Activity
  • Assign lists to 8 groups (2 groups per list).
  • Using the pyramid plus
  • (1) list as many healthy snacks to have on hand.
  • (2) come up with as many grab n go
    breakfasts containing at least 3 food groups as
    you can.
  • (3) record ideas to make fast food meals
    healthier.
  • (4) list ways to avoid having to rely upon fast
    food all the time.

138
List Sharing
  • List 1 Group Sharing
  • List 2 Group Sharing
  • List 3 Group Sharing
  • List 4 Group Sharing

139
In Class
  • Complete
  • Part 4 Reflection, Day 3 Check-In

140
Homework
  • Handout Quick and Easy Meal
  • Complete Day 4 Reflection Check-In

141
Key Concept Review
  • Fast foods are a convenience, but very dangerous.
  • Think ahead and try to eliminate fast food.
  • Eating as close to nature as possible is best.

142
Smoothie Challenge
  • Extra Credit Opportunity (20 points)
  • Create your own smoothie recipe, must be
    healthy/natural. Make sure to type your recipe.
  • Bring in the ingredients for Mr. Swan to make in
    class (do not bring in a blender).
  • Bring enough for each student to sample.
  • Winner will receive double the extra credit!
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