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Title: Welcome to


1
Welcome toTHE 1920s UNIT
2
Nicknames of the 20s
  • The Roaring 20s
  • The Jazz Age
  • The Golden Age
  • The New Era
  • The New Freedom
  • The Era of Wonderful Nonsense
  • The Dry Decade
  • The Lawless Decade

3
New Terminology of the 20s
  • Beaut
  • Gold Digger
  • Cats Meow / Pajamas or Bees Knees
  • Playboy or Sugar Daddy
  • Blind Date
  • Two-timer and an Ex
  • Speakeasy
  • Moonshine, Sauce, Giggle water, Bathtub gin

4
  • Copacetic Nifty Swell
  • Ritzy Swanky
  • Go Fly a Kite!
  • For Crying Out Loud!
  • Hot Diggety Dog!

5
1920s Culture
  • A good place to start
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vIgcuBOVMGsg

6
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7
Characteristics of the Flapper
  • Short hair
  • Short, straight dresses
  • Wore make-up
  • Drank alcohol
  • Smoked cigarettes

8
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9
Clara Bow The It girl Silent Movie Actress
10
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11
Womens Suffrage
  • The Right to Vote
  • 1920

12
Strategies/methods used to get the vote
  • Abolitionist strategies were borrowed!
  • Constitutional changes were brought up and mass
    meetings and protests help bring the message to
    everyone!
  • The National Womens Suffrage Association was
    formed!

13
The Declaration of Sentiments
  • Really controversial! Declaration of
    Independence by T. Jefferson was fixed up by a
    team of women to reflect women in American
    society!

14
Background information
  • 1840s? 1848 Seneca Falls
  • 1890 Formed NWSA w/ Susan B. Anthony - THE
    leader
  • 1920 19th amendment passed

15
Important Women
  • Lucretia Mott, a Quaker and PA resident
    participated in the Seneca Falls Convention where
    the Declaration of Sentiments was created.
  • Known for her work the Discourse on Women and
    for founding Swarthmore College here in PA!

16
Susan B. Anthony (Standing) with Elizabeth
Cady Stanton
http//search.eb.com/women/articles/Stanton_Elizab
eth_Cady.html
17
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Her BFF was Susan B. Anthony
  • Noted Abolitionist and temperance reformer.
    Whats temperance?
  • When she married hubby she refused to say the
    obey part in the vows and told him upfront that
    HE was staying home with any children that they
    might have!

18
Susan B. Anthony
  • A Quaker and teacher who started out working to
    advance the 13th-15th amendments. She thought
    suffrage for women had to be right around the
    corner! She was a labor activist (8-hour day) ,
    she tried to stop human trafficking AND the
    different social expectations between women and
    men!

19
Why would people
  • Support the idea?
  • More representation
  • U.S. as a haven for all
  • Women helped in the war effort
  • Who and why Opposed the idea?

20
How to add an amendment
  • What is an amendment?
  • A change to the highest laws of our country
  • Who writes the amendment?
  • It must be approved by the state congresses
  • 3/4 of all states must approve it

21
The War of the Roses
  • Nashville, Tennessee 1920
  • Needed 36 states to ratify 19th amendment
  • Yellow rose pro womens suffrage
  • Red rose anti womens suffrage
  • It took 3 votes to pass, last vote FUNNY!
  • For homework- read Harry Burns story and answer
    the QAR homework at bottom!

22
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23
The 19th Amendment says
  • The vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
    US or by any state on account of gender.
  • It would take from 1920-1984 to get every state
    in the union to ratify the amendment! Mississippi
    was last!

24
II. Fashion
  • WWI impacted fashion because all available
    material became necessary for the men and the war
    effort! Women also had jobs in factories beyond
    the normal scope of nursing and teaching so they
    needed outfits that reflected that work! PLUS

25
Women now had
  • And freedom so the layers in clothing were
    reduced, the dresses were shortened and attitudes
    changed. Silk stockings and heels introduced!

26
Textiles Mills inpacted fashion because
  • Clothing was now more affordable and capable of
    being massed produced.

27
The 19th Amendments Impact on Fashion
  • Women ditched the confines of the Victorian
    period of dress. Things that were confining,
    long, or thought controlling were shortened or
    disregarded altogether!

28
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29
MUSIC, CLUBS and DANCES
  • Of the 1920s

30
Background
  • Jazz has its roots in slave culture and
    originated in New Orleans
  • It is characterized by simple harmonies and
    rhythms.
  • Famous jazz musicians of the 1920s
  • Bix Biederbecke
  • Bessie Smith
  • Louis Armstrong https//www.youtube.com/watch?vS
    -lHrDPjGfQ
  • Billie Holiday https//www.youtube.com/watch?v4P
    0hG3sD0-E
  • Ella Fitzgerald https//www.youtube.com/watch?vP
    rVu9WKs498

31
Music, Clubs Dances of the Twenties
  • Swing was born out of jazz and is focused on
    rhythm
  • Swing bands generally include at least 10
    musicians
  • There are two types of swing bands
  • Hot Bands or JUMP Bands
  • Extensive solos and improvisation
  • Ex Count Basie and Duke Ellington
  • Sweet Bands
  • Less feeling and improvisation
  • Ex Glenn Miller and Guy Lombardo

32
SWING MUSIC
  • Swing was born out of jazz and is focused on
    rhythm
  • Swing bands generally include at least 10
    musicians
  • There are two types of swing bands
  • Hot Bands or JUMP Bands
  • Extensive solos and improvisation
  • Ex Count Basie and Duke Ellington
  • Sweet Bands
  • Less feeling and improvisation
  • Ex Glenn Miller and Guy Lombardo

33
  • Generally, the Caucasian bands have a tighter
    style while African-American bands have a looser
    style
  • Benny Goodman became known as the King of Swing
  • He was the first leader to integrate his band
  • He was also Jewish so his music was banned in
    Germany
  • Cab Calloway perfected the call and response
    and was known for his amazing ability to scat

34
IMPORTANCE OF MUSIC
  • During the 1920s, music crossed cultural and
    ethnic barriers like nothing had before.
  • It was a key to bringing the races together and
    creating a better America.
  • Example of Cab Calloways call and response
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?v8mq4UT4VnbE
  • Janet Jacksons take on the 1920s
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?v2Ubv59yE8RI

35
Dances
  • Dances
  • Lindy Hop, Jitterbug, Charleston
  • Characterized by
  • Kicks, jumps, twists and turns
  • Variations on dances depending upon where you
    lived https//www.youtube.com/watch?vpsch9N4PmO4
    East Coast- purer, faster West Coast- slower

36
Sports Figures of the 1920s
37
Satchel Paige
  • This baseball players true age was never known.
    He was a pitcher for the Black Barons in the
    Negro League for 20 years. He then played in the
    Major League in 1948 after it was integrated and
    is famous for striking out RogerS Hornsby five
    times in one game.

38
Ty Cobb
  • This baseball player was nicknamed the Georgia
    Peach. He was an outfielder, but is recognized
    as being one of the greatest all-around players
    in history but his fierce competitiveness and bad
    temper earned him a bad reputation.

39
Gertrude Ederle
  • This swimmer had broken numerous U.S. and World
    records in swimming. She was the first female to
    swim the English Channel and broke the best male
    time by over two hours. She developed an
    infection from this swim and eventually became
    deaf.
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vK8PIVRsd3KE

40
Josh Gibson
  • This catcher for the Negro League was often
    compared to Babe Ruth because of his exceptional
    batting ability. He was very well-liked and
    respected by everyone. Unfortunately, he passed
    away one year before the two baseball leagues
    were integrated.

41
Jack Dempsey
  • This heavy- and lightweight boxer was also a U.S.
    Marine in WWI. After a severe hit, he won the
    famous 1927 Battle of the Long Count after his
    opponent failed to return to a neutral corner,
    which earned him four extra seconds. He retired
    in 1928 with a record of 65-1-1 with 47
    knock-outs.

42
Gene Tunney
  • This heavyweight boxer was nicknamed the Manassa
    Mauler and Kid Blackie. His victories helped
    make boxing a popular sport. He lost the famous
    Battle of the Long Count when he failed to return
    to a neutral corner this allowed his opponent
    four extra seconds to recover from the hit.

43
Jim Thorpe
  • This Olympic medalist played a variety of sports
    which include football, track, baseball,
    basketball, lacrosse, swimming, boxing, tennis
    and archery. He lost his Olympic medals in track
    after it was discovered he played
    semi-professional baseball. Some believe this
    was a discriminatory act due to his Native
    American ethnicity. He is labeled as the
  • greatest all-around athlete of the
  • first half of the 20th century.

44
JIM THORPE
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vvA7qiQ3nxrs
  • Is it fair to consider Jim Thorpe one of the
    best athletes of all time? Does this make you
    want to visit Jim Thorpe, PA or avoid it?
    Explain.

45
Charles Lindbergh
  • This aviator took the first non-stop solo flight
    across the Atlantic in The Spirit of St. Louis.
    The plane was a single engine, monoplane. He is
    also known for developing the first artificial
    heart. He left the U.S. in the 1930s after his
    young son was kidnapped and murdered.
  • http//www.biography.com/people/charles-lindbergh-
    9382609/videos/charles-lindbergh-new-york-to-paris
    -22736451733

46
Joe Jackson
  • This outfielder was also known as a great batter
    and nicknames Shoeless for taking off his
    cleats during a game because he was getting
    blisters. He played for the Chicago White Sox
    and was kicked out of baseball forever for his
    involvement in throwing the World Series in 1919.
    In truth, he knew what was happening, but
    refused to participate in the scandal.

47
Babe Ruth
  • He is considered the Greatest all-around player
    and nicknamed The Great Bambino and The Sultan
    of Swat. He held the homerun record for many
    years, led the league in walks, RBIs and runs
    scored. He is famous for calling his shot in
    1932.
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vxyFaLT-L2uk

48
Radio in the 20s
  • Most prominent form of entertainment in the 20s,
    30s and 40s
  • Every house had at least one radio
  • Shows with an audience
  • Everyone dressed up
  • Live musical groups
  • Props to produce sounds

Entertainment News Sports Book reading Dramas Comm
ercials
49
History of Harlem
  • Late 19th century
  • White upper class great expectations for Harlem
  • Early 20th century
  • Property value decreased Whites moved elsewhere
    wealthy Blacks moved in
  • First decent neighborhood
  • Began to build up area around Harlem

50
History of Harlem cont
  • World War I
  • Many immigrants moved back to support their home
    country
  • Opened job opportunities for Black middle class
    who moved to Harlem

51
Northern Migration for Blacks
  • In search of a new life
  • Less racism, better schools jobs
  • Migration an act of defiance against social
    order political constraints of South
  • Harlemlargest Black community

52
Background Information
  • Influenced by W.E.B. DuBois
  • editor of The Crisis(NAACP publication)
  • Believed social equality achieved by promoting
    black culture, ideals achievements
  • Believed educated black elite should lead rest to
    freedom promoting black pride heritage
  • Ideas were in opposition to Booker T. Washington

53
W.E.B. DuBois
Called the Black elite the TALENTED TENTH
54
Booker T. Washington
  • Believed in
  • accommodation, compromise,
  • industrial education

55
Alain Locke
  • (philosopher / sociologist)
  • called Northern movement a spiritual
    emancipation

56
Harlem Renaissance
  • Influx of talented Blacks wanting to reach
    largest audience
  • Many clubs, theatre groups and literary
    discussions formed
  • Writers Langston Hughes
  • Music Duke Ellington, Cab
  • Calloway, Billie Holiday
  • Artists Meta Warrick Fuller,
  • James Van Der Zee

57

Langston Hughes American Poet
  • Let America Be America Again
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vlrqeywXhKfY
  • Ballad of the Landlord

58
Harlem Ren. cont
  • Whites heard about HR invested own money to
    support artists
  • War affected national views attitudes
  • Loss of innocence faith cynicism
  • Found revitalization the Black Ren.
  • Jazz music
  • Thrill of danger
  • difference in culture
  • Gangster-owned clubs

59
Alaine Locke
  • If I were to offer what Harlem had come to mean
    in the short span of 20 years, it would be
    another Statue of Liberty on the landward side of
    New York.
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