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BELLWORK

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BELLWORK Get a copy of The Black Plague reading from the front, and answer the following questions. List three theories on the causes of the Black Plague. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BELLWORK


1
BELLWORK
  • Use The Black Plague reading to answer the
    following questions.
  • List three theories on the causes of the Black
    Plague.
  • What actually caused the Black Plague?
  • How did the Black Plague spread?
  • What is the difference between the Bubonic Plague
    and the Pneumonic Plague?
  • Explain the symptoms of the Black Plague.
  • How did the Black Plague affect Europe?

2
The Bubonic Plague
  • The Bubonic Plague, also known as The Black
    Plague or The Black Death spread throughout
    Europe between 1348-1350.
  • The Black Plague was one of the most devastating
    pandemics in history
  • Killed 1/3 of the population in Europe and Asia
  • Reduced worlds population from 450M to 350M by
    1400.
  • It took 150 years for Europes population to
    recover
  • Started in East Asia and spread west throughout
    Europe

3
Spread of the Black Plague in Europe
4
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5
The Bubonic Plague
  • Symptoms started with the appearance of boils in
    the neck and armpits, which oozed pus and blood
    when opened.
  • Followed by a severe fever and vomiting of blood
  • Body would be covered with black spots and rashes
  • Sometimes it infected the lungs and caused
    respiratory problems.
  • Most victims died within 2-7 days after
    infection.

6
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7
A scene showing plague-infected monks being
blessed by a priest. England - 1360
8
Some countries chose to burn infected people in
groups.
9
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10
Do you know this nursery rhyme?
  • A rosie rash and rings on your skin were symptoms
    of the Black Plague!
  • Posies of herbs were carried as protection and to
    ward off the smell
  • Ashes, Ashes refers variously to the cremation of
    bodies, the burning of victims houses, or the
    blackening of their skin
  • Ring around the rosies
  • Pockets full of posies
  • Ashes, ashes,
  • We all fall down.

11
The Crusades
  • The Crusades Series of nine military battles
    where European Christians tried to recover the
    Holy Land from the Muslims.
  • 1096-1254
  • Why might a war fought for religion seem
    contradictory to their beliefs?
  • What powers did the Catholic church have?

12
The Crusades - background
  • In the 1000s, the Seljuk Turks (from Central
    Asia) took control of Jerusalem and surrounding
    areas.
  • Jerusalem was a sacred city for Jews, Muslims and
    Christians. All wanted control!
  • The purpose of the Crusades was for the
    Christians to recover the Holy Land from the
    Muslims.
  • Muslims (Turks/Seljuks) vs. Christians
    (Rome/Byzantine)
  • After about 160 years of fighting, the Muslims
    won!
  • To learn more about these important religious
    battles, you are going to complete a worksheet.
  • We will do some portions together, so follow
    along!

13
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14
BELLWORK 10/8
  • Use your Crusades packet or pg. 144 to answer the
    following
  • Explain the two sides of the Crusades.
  • What was the goal of the Crusades? Why was this
    important?
  • Why would people agree to fight in the Crusades?
  • Describe the First Crusade.
  • What was the outcome of the First Crusade?
  • THINKER Although the Byzantines had very
    different beliefs/practices than the Holy Roman
    Empire, they eventually agree to combine their
    empires... Why?

15
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16
The First Crusade
  • 1096-1099
  • Ended with the Christian capture of Jerusalem

17
The Second Crusade
  • 1147-1149
  • In response to the fall of the County of Edessa
    under Muslim control (one of the first Crusader
    states established during First Crusade)
  • King Louis VII of France and Holy Roman Emperor
    Conrad III led their armies, but fought
    constantly
  • Muslims defeated the Christians and regained
    control of the Holy Land

18
The Third Crusade
  • 1189-1192
  • In response to the loss of Jerusalem to Muslims.
  • Crusade of Kings (France, England, Holy Roman)
  • Saladin, a Muslim leader, united all Muslims and
    developed a well-trained and advanced army
  • The Christians were unsuccessful and could not
    capture Jerusalem.

19
Effects of the Crusades
20
Nursery Rhymes
  • Nursery Rhymes were the earliest political
    cartoons.
  • At the time, it was extremely dangerous to
    criticize the government, so people disguised
    their feelings with nursery rhymes.
  • We are going to read three of the most popular
    nursery rhymes and learn what they really mean.

21
Monarchies
  • As you know, the most powerful monarchies in
    Medieval Europe were England, France, and Rome.
  • Focus on how the monarchs GAINED or LOST power!!!
  • Pay attention and fill in any missing information!

22
Rise of Monarchies
  • After Charlemagnes reign, European monarchs were
    the primary rulers. Their lands and power were
    gradually lost to nobles however, monarchs still
    built strong states after 1100 AD.
  • Now, you will focus on the three most powerful
    monarchies in Medieval Europe England, France,
    and Rome.
  • You also will begin to see how religion plays an
    important role in government.
  • Read pages 120 122 and answer the following
    questions in your notes.

23
Rise of Monarchies
  • England
  • Explain how and why England formed.
  • Who was William the Conqueror? Who advised him?
  • Explain the changes implemented by Williams
    successors.
  • What was the purpose of the Magna Carta?
  • What is Parliament? Describe how it is set up.
  • France
  • Explain the advances of Philip Augustus. How did
    he weaken the system of Feudalism?
  • What did Louis IX change in France?
  • How did Philip IV pay for war? How did the Pope
    respond?
  • Holy Roman Empire
  • Explain how and why the Holy Roman Empire formed?
  • Explain the two conflicting claims over power.
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