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Tropical Rain Forest

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Tropical Rain Forest Sydney Zeldes, Audrey Marr, Miranda Ho RAINFOREST ALLIANCE Tropical Rainforest: luscious, warm & exotic Every forest counts Tropical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tropical Rain Forest


1
Tropical Rain Forest
  • Sydney Zeldes, Audrey Marr, Miranda Ho

2
RAINFOREST ALLIANCE
  • Tropical Rainforest luscious, warm exotic

Every forest counts
3
MAPS
Tropical Rainforest Locations
4
Features of the biome
  • High biodiversity
  • Many available niches
  • Little to no wind
  • Can be dark under rainforest canopy

5
Climate
6
Climate (continued)
  • Tropical Climate
  • No dry season
  • Avg. yearly precipitation 250 cm
  • Humid, rainy, hot, wet
  • 4 cm rain/ month
  • Avg. temp 77F

7
Tropical Rainforest Average Yearly Temperature
and Rainfall
8
Landscape
  • Covers less than 6 of Earths land surface.
  • Tropical rainforest produce 40 of earths
    oxygen.
  • 100 to 300 species in one 2 ½-acre area in South
    America.
  • 3 largest rainforest the American, the African
    and the Asian.
  • The majority of trees have smooth, think bark
    because there is no need to protect them from
    water loss and freezing temperature.
  • Plants grow really fast that they consume the
    nutrients from the decomposed leaf litter.
  • Most of the nutrients are in the trees than in
    the soil.
  • Soil are infertile and acidic due to weathering.
  • Humid
  • Contain over 15 million species of plants and
    animals live within the biome.
  • The forest is divided into different layers/
    strata. Each layer contains unique plants and
    animals.
  • Forest floor receive only 2 sunlight, clear of
    vegetation, fungis growing
  • Understory layer shrubs, herbs. Small trees, and
    large woody vine, 5 sunlight.
  • Canopy primary layer, large trees, dense are of
    biodiversity, 90 of organisms
  • Emergent layer small number of very large trees
    grows above the canopy, 100 to 240 feet tall
    trees.

9
Seasonal Information
  • Weather wise, the best time to visit the tropical
    rainforest is during spring, fall, and wintertime
    because the temperature is wont be as hot and
    humid as the summer time.
  • Humid and hot year long except it is the worst
    during summer time.
  • Frequent rainfall
  • The best time to see the animals is during
    springtime.

10
Levels of the Forest
11
Unique Features
  • Occur near the equator
  • The layered system
  • High biodiversity
  • Over 25 of natural medicines have been
    discovered in the rainforest
  • Hot/ warm and humid year long

12
Plants
  • Trees are tall
  • Grow up to 275 feet for competition for light
  • Do not lose leaves
  • Topsoil is thin
  • Largest trees are anchored by large horizontal
    roots (buttresses)
  • Leaves are large and long
  • High rate of photosynthesis is required to
    survive competition for nutrients, light and
    space.
  • Very high productivity of both plants and animals
  • Produces more mass of both plants and animals
    than other types of forests.

13
Adaptations
  • camouflage
  • coloring to warn predators that they are
    poisonous
  • brightly colored animals ate just bluffing
  • fight for food, sunlight, and space-some birds
    develop strong beaks to crack open tough nut
    shells

14
Tourist Activities
  • Hike to a lake to see giant lilypads.
    Excursions to see feeding or nesting Macaws,
    Parrots and Toucans. Hike to a manakin lek.
    Jungle survival training. Visit native
    communities. Visit conservation projects View
    a diversity of primate species. Bathe under a
    small waterfall in a glade filled with orchids.
    Insect collecting. Evening lake boat trips to
    view southern constellations and nocturnal
    wildlife, such as boat-billed herons, potoos, owl
    monkeys and more. Search for boa constrictors
    and other snakes. View brilliant tropical fish
    such as cichlids, angel fish, tetras, etc.

15
Environmental Issue
  • The Human interactions with the tropical
    rainforest has been disastourous almost
    destroying the forest and killing many animals in
    the process. The human interactions have been
    negative, they have cut down thousands of acres
    football fields worth. Furthermore, the vast
    climate change due to human and other interfering
    changes has vastly damaged the tropical
    rainforest.
  • -Cutting Down Trees -Animal exploitation/
    Hunting -Climate Change
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