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Depression and World War II

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Depression and World War II Students will gain an understanding of the transition from Depression to War through an interactive presentation. Students will gain an ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Depression and World War II


1
Depression and World War II
  • Students will gain an understanding of the
    transition from Depression to War through an
    interactive presentation.
  • Students will gain an understanding of the impact
    of war on the people involved through visual
    presentations.

2
Drastic Times
  • The New Deal did not end the Great Depression.
  • The Great Depression ended because of the
    economic stimulation caused by World War II.
  • Why did World War II start?

3
The World Around Us
4
The World Around Us
5
The World Around Us
6
The World Around Us
7
The World Around Us
8
The World Around Us
9
The World Around Us
10
The World Around Us
11
The World Around Us
12
The World Around Us
13
The World Around Us
14
The World Around Us
15
The World Around Us
16
The World Around Us
17
The World Around Us
18
The World Around Us
19
REMEMBER THE TREATY NEGOTIATIONS???
  • German representatives, where were they?
  • Were they happy with what they ended up with?

20
NO!!!!!
21
German Bitterness
  • Germany was very bitter after World War I
  • horrible depression and devastating economic
    turmoil.
  • National Socialists come to power with a man
    named Adolf Hitler as their leader.
  • He gave rousing speeches to gain power and once
    in power, he became a ruthless and brutal
    dictator who would crush and destroy anyone who
    opposed him.

22
Depression in Germany
  • Economic destruction
  • Inflation was excessive
  • Cash was printed without backing
  • Cash became worthless
  • Jews were blamed
  • They were wealthy, controlled the banks, ran the
    diamond and gold trade.

23
Adolf Hitler in Power
  • Expansion by Conquest
  • Attempted to take over other countries to
    build his power
  • Concentration Camps and Work Camps
  • Master Race of Germans
  • Holocaust
  • Genocide
  • 6 MILLION Jews were killed by the Nazis

24
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25
Auschwitz
26
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27
American Isolationism
  • After the Great War, most Americans became
    isolationists. Remember the thin line of the
    1920s???
  • Pacifists and Conscientious Objectors many had
    served in the Medical Corps in The Great War
  • Womens International League For Peace
  • Veterans
  • 50,000 marched on Washington for the 18th
    Anniversary of the entry into WWI
  • Students
  • 175,000 marched on Washington shortly after the
    veterans
  • Quakers

28
The Isolationist Sentiment
  • No on can make us fight abroad unless we
    ourselves are willing to do soOver one hundred
    million people in this nation are opposed to
    entering the war. If the principles of Democracy
    mean anything at all, that is reason enough for
    us to stay out. If we are forced into a war
    against the wishes of an overwhelming majority of
    people, we will have proved democracy such a
    failure at home that there will be little use
    fighting for it abroad. Charles Lindbergh

29
Did you know that there was such a large protest
against the United States entering World War II??
30
Reaction to the Protests
  • Neutrality Acts (1935)
  • Prohibited the sale of weapons to either side in
    the war
  • Trying to keep the country from repeating the
    mistakes made early in WWI

31
Roosevelt Calls for a Quarantine
  • Italian troops invaded Ethiopia
  • Japan attacked China within a couple years after
    the Neutrality Acts
  • Roosevelts answer to these and other aggressions
    in Europe and Asia was to call for peaceful
    nations to band together and isolate the
    aggressor nations to stop them
  • Congress took no action and Roosevelt did not
    push his plan

32
The Shift Away from Neutrality
  • Hitler and Germany invaded Poland in 1939 causing
    Britain and France to declare war. The Soviet
    Union seized eastern Poland
  • World War II had officially begun and Congress
    and Roosevelt devised a new plan called Cash and
    Carry where any country could buy weapons and
    goods from the US

33
September 1940
  • The draft was authorized allowing men between the
    ages of 21 and 35.
  • On October 16, more than 16 million men signed up
    to be drafted
  • The first numbers were drawn on October 29
  • WE WERE STILL NOT OFFICIALLY AT WAR!

34
Election Year 1940
  • Roosevelt was the first president even to seek a
    third term.
  • His opponent accused him of secretly planning to
    involve the United States in the war. Remember,
    the depression has not yet fully ended.
  • Roosevelt responded with this famous quote

35
I have said this before and I shall say it again
and again and again your boys are not going to
be sent into any foreign wars.
36
ROOSEVELT WINS THE ELECTION!
37
Protecting the Four Freedoms
  • Roosevelt felt that reelection meant that the
    American people were endorsing his assistance of
    Great Britain.
  • 1n 1941 he called for a protection of the Four
    Freedoms
  • Freedom of speech and religion
  • Freedom from want and fear

38
Lend Lease
  • Roosevelts next plan was the Lend Lease Act
    which gave the president the authority to sell or
    lend war supplies to any nation whose defense was
    essential to Americas security.
  • WHAT IN THE WORLD DOES THIS MEAN??

39
This means that the US would provide materials to
Britain and France for free with the
understanding that the materials would be
returned after the war. How can used war supplies
be returned??
40
The Battle of the Atlantic
  • Groups of German War boats called Wolf Packs
    wandered the Atlantic Oceans sinking ships.
  • Roosevelt responded by giving permission to the
    Navy to repair British ships and then gave the
    British Navy 10 Coast Guard ships

41
June 22, 1941 Hitler breaks his non-aggression
treaty by invading the Soviet Union
42
First Aggressions
  • A US destroyer, in late 1941 was found to be
    following a German U-boat and giving information
    about that U-boat to British airplanes. The
    U-boat sank the destroyer, the Greer. Using this
    incident, and another shortly after involving the
    Reuben James, Roosevelt convinced Congress to
    authorize the arming of merchant ships in the
    Atlantic.

43
WAR!
44
What happened on December 7, 1941 that changed
everything?
  • The Attack on Pearl Harbor

45
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46
USS Shaw
47
Congress declared war on December 8, 1941 on
Japan.
48
The Tripartite Pact between Japan, Germany and
Italy was a mutual defense treaty signed in
September 1940. Because of this treaty,
declaring war on Japan meant war with Germany and
Italy as well.
49
Were We Prepared For War?
50
American War Preparations
  • Before Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt had
  • prepared councils to oversee production of
  • war materials
  • The burning questionWho would make these
    materials with all the men going off to war?

51
ROSIE!
  • Rosie The Riveter is one of our most recognizable
    women and was a complete work of fiction.
  • Rosie was the character created for propaganda
    materials designed to get women involved in
    manufacturing and development jobs during the
    war.

52
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53
Whos Who
  • Allied Powers
  • Great Britain
  • United States
  • France
  • Soviet Union
  • China
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Axis Powers
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Germany

54
The Two Theaters
  • European
  • Pacific

English Children Who Have Lost Their Home
55
War in Europe
  • Europe first, the Far East
  • By 1942 Hitler controlled most of Europe and
    North Africa
  • Dwight Ike Eisenhower put in charge of the
    European Forces
  • Africa
  • 1942 Operation Torch
  • Attack on Morocco and Algeria
  • Italy
  • July 1943 attack on Sicily

56
German War Machine on a roll.
  • Blitzkrieg Lightening attack
  • Panza divisions
  • Dunkirk and the Greatest Save
  • Air raids on England
  • Barrage balloons, air-raid shelters, etc
  • German plans to invade England

57
D-Day Operation Over Lord
  • Saving Private Ryan

58
D-Day
  • France was considered the key to Europe
  • June 6, 1944
  • 4,000 landing craft
  • 600 warships
  • 176,000 soldiers
  • Crossing the English channel, these soldiers went
    ashore at Normandy and attacked the German forces
    gradually taking control at a heavy cost

59
  • German POWs led through the streets of Paris

Hitler surveys damage done by a British Air Raid
60
Meanwhile.Back in the US
  • Election of 1944
  • Roosevelt is elected to his FOURTH term with
    Harry Truman as his Vice President
  • Japanese Americans are sent to internment camps
  • Rationing is instituted
  • War Bonds are sold
  • The coasts become target
  • DID YOU KNOW.

61
That DELAWARE Was a Strategic Defense Point in
World War II???
62
Cape Henlopen
  • In 1941, in the area now known as Cape Henlopen
    State Park, the U.S. Army had a military base.
    They built bunkers into the sand and large towers
    that could keep watch for German submarines or
    landing crews. Much of the original military base
    is still standing today and can be seen although
    the bunkers themselves have been sealed up.

63
Back to the War
  • The Battle of the Bulge
  • In December 1944, the Allies were ready to ready
    to cross into Germany. Just before they could, on
    December 16th, Hitler committed his last troops
    to stopping the Allies. The attack caught the
    Allies off guard and was almost successful. By
    January however, the Allies had defeated the
    forces and in March 1945, the Allies crossed into
    Germany. Russia was advancing from the west at
    the same time and on May 8, Germany surrendered.
    This is known as V-E Day. Roosevelt had not lived
    to see it.

64
A New President
  • Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945 of a massive
    stroke.
  • Harry S. Truman became President of the United
    States in the middle of a World War.
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