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How the National Government shapes our State

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Title: How the National Government shapes our State


1
How the National Government
shapes our State Local Government
2
There are 3 branches of Government
Over 200 years ago, our Founding Fathers wrote
the Constitution. The Constitution is a basic
design for how our government should work. The
Constitution divides the government into the
following three branches the LEGISLATIVE,
EXECUTIVE, and JUDICIAL branches.
3
The 3 Branches of the National Government
4
Does this impact our State Government?
  • Each state has its own constitution based on its
    unique history, needs, philosophy, and geography.
  • Just like that of the national government, each
    state's constitution separates power between
    three branches -- legislative, judicial, and
    executive.

5
What are the responsibilities of each branch of
Government?
6
National GovernmentThe Legislative Branch
  • The LEGISLATIVE branch makes laws for the nation.
  • The main lawmaking body of this branch is known
    as Congress.
  • Congress is made up of two parts, the House of
    Representatives
  • and the Senate.

7
South Dakota GovernmentThe Legislative Branch
  • Headed by the General Assembly, which makes state
    laws.
  • Currently, 70 State Representatives
  • Brock Greenfeild egs.

The General Assembly is made up of two
parts.
  • Currently, 35 State Senators
  • Art Fryslie egs.

8
Our National GovernmentThe Executive Branch
  • The EXECUTIVE branch makes sure people follow the
    laws or executes the laws that the legislative
    branch makes.
  • The leaders of this branch are the President and
    Vice-President.
  • When making important decisions, the President
    often asks for
  • advice from the Cabinet.
  • The President lives at the White House in
    Washington, D.C.

9
National vs. S.D. GovernmentThe Executive Branch
  • South Dakotas Executive Branch is headed by the
    GOVERNOR, who carries out and enforces laws made
    by the CONGRESS (General Assembly).

President Barrack Obama
Governor Dennis Daugaard
Lt. Governor Matt Michels
Vice President Joe Biden
10
South Dakota GovernmentThe Executive Branch
Auditor Rich Sattgast
Attorney General Marty Jackley
Secretary of State Chris Nelson
Treasurer Vern Larson
11
National GovernmentThe Judicial Branch
  • When people are unsure about the meaning of a
    law, the JUDICIAL branch listens to, judges and
    interprets the laws made by Congress and Executed
    by the President.
  • The judicial branch is made up of courts.
  • The highest of these courts is the U.S. Supreme
    Court.

12
South Dakota GovernmentThe Judicial Branch
  • Headed by the South Dakota Supreme Court, which
    interprets and applies the state laws.

The Supreme Court is made up of Four
Justices and One Chief Justice.
Judith Mierhenry, John Konenkamp, David Gilberson
(Chief Justice), Steven Zinter, and Glen Severson
13
Local Government
National government and state government are two
types of government, but there is also local
governments.
14
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15
U.S. citizens can participate in their
government. This process insures that power will
always remain where it belongs -
with the people.
The most important right citizens have is the
right to vote. By voting, the people have a
voice in the government. The people decide who
will represent them in the government.
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