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Texas%20Constitution%20and%20Limited%20Government

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Title: Texas%20Constitution%20and%20Limited%20Government


1
Texas ConstitutionandLimited Government
  • Seven Principles of Government

2
State of Texas Constitution of 1876
  • Republicanism a belief that government should
    be based on the consent of the people people
    exercise their power by voting for political
    representatives
  • Article III. SEC. 4. The members of the House of
    Representatives shall be chosen by the qualified
    electors, and their term of office shall be two
    years from the day of their election.

3
State of Texas Constitution of 1876
  • Limited Government the principle that requires
    all U.S. citizens, including government leaders,
    to obey the law
  • Article III. SEC. 14. Senators and
    representatives shall, except in cases of
    treason, felony or breach of peace, be privileged
    from arrest during the session of the
    Legislature, and in going to and returning from
    the same, allowing one day for every twenty miles
    such member may reside from the place at which
    the Legislature is convened.

4
State of Texas Constitution of 1876
  • Checks and Balances the ability of each branch
    of government to exercise checks, or controls,
    over the other branches
  • Article IV. SEC. 14. Every bill which shall have
    passed both houses of the Legislature shall be
    presented to the governor for his approval. If he
    approve he shall sign it but if he disapprove
    it, he shall return it with his objections, to
    the house in which it originated, which house
    shall enter the objections at large upon its
    journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after
    such reconsideration, two-thirds of the members
    present agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent,
    with the objections, in the other house, by which
    likewise it shall be reconsidered and, if
    approved by two-thirds of the members of that
    house, it shall become a law but in such cases
    the votes of both houses shall be determined by
    yeas and nays, and the names of the members
    voting for and against the bill shall be entered
    on the journal of each house respectively.
  • Article XV. SEC 1. The power of impeachment shall
    be vested in the House of Representatives

5
State of Texas Constitution of 1876
  • Federalism a system of government where power
    is shared among the central (or federal)
    government and the states
  • Article I SEC. 1. Texas is a free and independent
    State, subject only to the Constitution of the
    United States and the maintenance of our free
    institutions and the perpetuity of the Union
    depend upon the preservation of the right of
    local self-government unimpaired to all the
    States.

6
State of Texas Constitution of 1876
  • Separation of Powers the division of basic
    government roles into branches
  • Article II. SEC. 1. The powers of the government
    of the State of Texas shall be divided into three
    distinct departments
  • Popular Sovereignty a government in which the
    people rule a system in which the residents vote
    to decide an issue
  • Article VI. SEC. 3. All qualified electors of the
    State, as herein described, who shall have
    resided for six months immediately preceding an
    election within the limits of any city or
    corporate town, shall have the right to vote for
    mayor and all other elective officers.

7
State of Texas Constitution of 1876
  • Individual Rights a personal liberty and
    privilege guaranteed to U.S. citizens by the Bill
    of Rights
  • Bill of Rights 29 Sections
  • SEC. 2. All political power is inherent in the
    people and all free governments are founded on
    their authority, and instituted for their
    benefit. The faith of the people of Texas stands
    pledged to the preservation of a republican form
    of government, and, subject to this limitation
    only, they have at all times the inalienable
    right to alter, reform or abolish their
    government in such manner as they may think
    expedient.

8
Texas Constitution of 1876andU.S. Constitution
  • Similarities and differences
  • Based on the principles of governments
  • Can you name them (7)
  • Three branches of government
  • Can you name them
  • Bill of Rights that list rights given to all
    citizens

9
Structure and Functions of Government
  • Municipal level
  • Structure city limits, Mayor-Council-City
    Manager government
  • Function provide government services, police
    and fire protection, emergency medical services
    (ambulances), sewers and water lines, inspection
    of health and sanitation rules, and zoning rules
    that govern what kinds of buildings may be placed
    in certain parts of the city.

10
Structure and Functions of Government
  • County (254 Counties)
  • Structure precincts each precinct has a county
    commissioner, headed by a county judge.
  • Function Help the state collect taxes, oversee
    and administer law enforcement, and provide
    services to the rural population

11
Structure and Functions of Government
  • State
  • Structure Representative and Senate districts
  • Executive Branch Governor
  • Legislative Branch Representatives and Senators
  • Judicial Branch Judges
  • Function maintain highways and state law
    enforcement, interpret and enforce laws, a prison
    system, and a National Guard, supports public
    schools, colleges, universities, and public health

12
Sources of Revenue for State and Local Government
  • State and local government are funded by taxes
  • Property tax property is taxed and funds
    education
  • Sales tax largest source of tax revenue
  • State and local governments receive federal funds
    for projects
  • Federal funds second largest source of tax
    revenue state and local governments collect
    fees
  • Licenses and permits, utilities, etc.
  • Interest on investments, state lottery, and money
    earned from public lands

13
Structure, Funding, and Governance of Texas
Public Education
  • Approximately 1,050 school districts
  • Structure divided into independent school
    districts
  • Governance the local Board of Trustees (School
    Board) is elected by residents in the school
    district. They hire a Superintendent,
    administrators, and teachers. They make financial
    and educational decisions for the district.
  • State Board of Education is elected to provide
    standards and policies as well as approving
    materials.
  • Texas Education Agency oversees the
    implementation of State Board of Education
    policies and other regulatory functions and local
    school districts
  • Funded by property tax bond issues, as well as by
    state and federal funding supported by state and
    federal taxpayers

14
Rights of Texas Citizens
  • Rights defined in the Texas Constitution and
    Texas Bill of Rights (many of these rights are
    also in the U.S. Bill of Rights)
  • Article One of the Texas Constitution (Texas Bill
    of Rights)
  • Freedom of worship
  • Freedom of speech and press
  • Freedom of assembly
  • Protection from unreasonable searches and
    seizures
  • Equality under the law
  • Fair trial and rights of the accused in criminal
    prosecutions
  • Rights of crime victims
  • There are thirty three listed in the Texas
    Constitution
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