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Future RVT ???


Title: Introduction to the Profession of Veterinary Technology Author: Bradford Last modified by: Catherine Created Date: 9/27/2007 10:53:15 AM Document presentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Future RVT ???

Future RVT ???
Introduction to the Profession of Veterinary
  • I solemnly dedicate myself to aiding animals and
    society by providing excellent care and service
    for animals, by alleviating animal suffering, and
    by promoting public health.
  • I accept my obligations to practice my
    profession conscientiously and with sensitivity,
    adhering to the professions Code of Ethics, and
    furthering my knowledge and competence through a
    commitment to lifelong learning.

  • Abandoned- for sake entirely, neglect, refusal of
    legal obligations for the care and support of an
    animal, to refuse to pay for treatment or other
    services w/o good cause.
  • Accredited College of Veterinary Medicine- any
    school that offers a degree Doctor for Veterinary
    Medicine or equivalent and that is accredited by
    the American Veterinary Medical Association.
  • Accredited program in Veterinary Technology any
    post secondary educational program that is
    accredited by a committee on Veterinary
    Technology Education and Activities.
  • Animal any being other than a human
  • Board State board of Veterinary Medical
  • Client patient owner, owners agent (pet
    sitter), or other person responsible for patient.
    Written authorization for any services is usually
    required for consent if other than the owner.
  • Complementary, Alternative, Integrative
    Therapies Therapeutic philosophies and
    practices at which they are performed may differ
    from current scientific knowledge or differ from
    Veterinary Medicine taught. Can you name some?

  • Informed consent Vet has informed the client of
    the dx, tx options, risk, prognosis, and provided
    client w/ estimate of charges.
  • Patient Animal that is examined at treated by a
  • Veterinary Medicine-includes veterinary surgery,
    reproduction and obstetrics, dentistry,
    ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology, general
  • Veterinary Prescription Drug A drug that may
    not be dispensed w/o the Rx of a veterinarian.
  • Consultation When vet receives advice from a
    vet or other person whose expertise would benefit
    a patient. The responsibility for the animals
    welfare remains w/ the licensed vet
  • Extra Label Use Actual use or intended use of a
    drug in a manner that is not accordance with
    approved labeling. May include using on different
    species, indications not listed, diff.
    Dose/frequency/or route administered. EX
    Ivermectin LabelTx of gastrointestinal
    parasites in swine and cattle. Extra. Label Use
    preventative for heartworm in dogs/cats and
    miticide for dogs/cats/rodents.

Practice of Veterinary Medicine
  • To diagnose, treat, correct, change, alleviate,
    manipulate or prevent animal diseases, illness,
    pain, deformity, defect, injury, or other
    physical, dental, or mental conditions by any
    method including
  • The prescription, dispensing, administration, or
    application of any drug, medicine, apparatus,
    anesthetic or other therapeutic or diagnostic
    substance/medical/surgical technique.
  • Use of complementary, alternative, and
    integrative therapies.
  • Use of any manual or mechanical procedure for
    reproductive management.
  • Giving advice or recommendations by any means.
  • To represent, directly or indirectly, public or
    private, an ability and willingness to do an act
    as stated above.
  • To use any title, words, abbreviation, or letters
    in a manner or circumstances that induce belief
    that the person using them is qualified to do any
    act described above.

Board of Veterinary Medicine
  • Each state has their own Board- made up of 5
    Veterinarians, 1 Credentialed Technician, 1
    Public person who is not a vet/vet tech.
  • They can adopt, amend, repeal rules of
    practice/professional conduct.
  • Change rules/regulations concerning
    certification, registration, licensure of Vet
  • Disciplinary procedures and refusal of
    credentials, etc. for Vet Tech.
  • Establish fees for license, certification,
  • Inspect veterinary premises

License Requirement
  • No person may practice veterinary medicine in
    Texas who is not a licensed veterinarian.

Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship
  • The veterinarian must have sufficient knowledge
    of the animal(s) to get a general or preliminary
    diagnosis of the medical condition of the animal.
  • Animal must have been seen with in the last year
    and have a physical exam
  • The veterinarian has obtained informed consent
    and the client has agreed to follow the
  • The veterinarian is readily available or has
    arranged for emergency coverage or follow up
    evaluation in the event of adverse reaction or
    the failure of the treatment.

Discipline of Licensees
  • Fraud, misrepresentation or deception in
    obtaining a license
  • Inability to practice Veterinary Medicine with
    skill and safety due to physical or mental
    disability-including decreased mental state,
    loss of motor skills, abuse of drugs/alcohol that
    compromises patient care.
  • Advertising/solicitation that is false or
  • Conviction of
  • any felony
  • abuse/neglect/cruelty of animals
  • any crime involving
  • child abuse, unlawful sexual contact, threatening
    use of a weapon, infliction of injury, indecent
    exposure, false reporting, forgery, alcohol or
  • Incompetence or malpractice while practicing
    Veterinary Medicine
  • Aiding the unlawful practice of Veterinary
  • Fraud or dishonesty in the application or
    reporting of any test for disease in animals
  • Fraud or dishonesty in the application or
    reporting of any test for disease in animals
  • Failure to report (required by law) making false
    or misleading report of contagious/infectious

Discipline of Licensees
  • Failure to keep accurate and comprehensive
    patient records
  • Dishonesty /negligence in the performance of food
    safety inspections or the issuance of
    health/inspection certificates.
  • Failure to keep veterinary premises (including
    vehicles) and a clean and sanitary condition
  • Failure to permit the Board or its agents to
    enter inspect veterinary premises/equipment/vehi
  • Revocation/Suspension/Limitation of a license to
    practice from another state.
  • Unprofessional conduct
  • Dispensing/Distribution/Prescription/or
    administration of any veterinary prescription
    drug, or the extra label use of any drug in the
    absence of a veterinarian-client-patient
  • Violations of state or federal drug laws

  • No veterinarian shall disclose any information
    concerning the care of his/her patient except on
    written authorization or by waiver by the client.
  • No copies or information from veterinary records
    shall be provided to agencies who have legal or
    regulatory interest in the contents for the
    protection of animal and public health without
    owners consent.
  • Any information that the veterinarian releases at
    the clients request shall not be liable to the
    client or any other person.
  • The privilege provided by this section shall be
    waived if the veterinarians client or the owner
    of the patient places the veterinarians
    care/treatment of the patient or the
    nature/extent of injuries of the animal at issue
    in any criminal proceeding.

Cruelty to Animals and Abandoned Animals
  • Any veterinarian licensed in Texas who reports,
    in good faith and in the normal coarse of
    business, a suspected incident of animal cruelty
    to the proper authorities shall not be held
    liable for reporting such incident.
  • Any animal placed in the custody of the
    veterinarian for treatment, boarding, or other
    care which is unclaimed by the client after 10
    days and can not be contacted through any means
    is deemed abandoned. This animal can be turned
    over to humane society, other disposal or
    destroyed in a humane manner.
  • The vet responsible for this animal is relieved
    of any liability for disposal. If the
    veterinarian follows the procedures then he/she
    is not subject to disciplinary actions, unless
    the vet fails to provide the proper notification
    to clients.
  • The client is not relieved of any financial
    responsibilities while the animal was being
    treated, boarded, or given other care to, even if
    the animal was disposed of.

What is Veterinary Technology ??
  • It is the science and art of providing
  • support to veterinarians and
  • superior care to owners.

  • To perform patient care or other services that
    require a technical understanding of veterinary
    medicine on the basis of written or oral
    instruction of a veterinarian EXCLUDING
  • Diagnosing
  • Prognosing
  • Surgery
  • Prescribing drugs, medicine, or appliances.

What is an Accredited Veterinary Technician?
More than petting puppies and cuddling kittens !!
A person who has successfully completed formal schooling and training in an Accredited School. A professional with all the obligations and responsibilities inherent with being a professional.
A respected member of the veterinary team in practice, educational institutions, government, research, etc. A person who is DEDICATED to helping animals, helping people, and helping to serve and protect the public against animal diseases that are concerns.
Exam for licensing, certification, or
  • Texas you become a RVT (Registered Vet Tech).
  • You must have graduated from an AVMA accredited
  • You must have a passing score of 70 on the
    Veterinary Technician National Exam (VTNE)
  • You must also pass the Texas State Examination
    with a 70
  • The exam(s) are given twice a year
  • Held the third Friday in January and June
  • You may transfer scores from state to state to be

Domains of Items of Items
Pharmacy Pharmacology 14 28
Surgical Preparation Assisting 20 40
Dentistry Procedures 7 14
Laboratory Procedures 16 32
Animal Nursing 20 40
Radiology, Ultrasound, etc. 8 16
Anesthesia 15 30
As a Designated RVT by the Texas Veterinary
Medical Association, I pledge myself to
  • Maintain high standards of personal conduct and
    moral character.
  • Maintain a high level of skill and competence in
    my duties as a RVT
  • Uphold all laws and regulations relating to my
    activities as a RVT.

  • All Registered Veterinary Technicians shall be
    required to continue their professional education
    as a condition to maintain his/her status in the
    state of Texas.

  • If you are found guilty of any of the following
  • Common infractions
  • (1) Unprofessional conduct
  • (2) Malpractice
  • (3) Incompetence
  • (4) Deviation from standards of care
  • (5) Practicing beyond the scope of practice or
  • (6) Practice Act Rules violations or aiding in
  • (7) Moral turpitude
  • generally to conduct that shocks the public
    conscience. Offenses such as murder, voluntary
    manslaughter, kidnaping, robbery, and aggravated
    assaults involve moral turpitude.
  • (8) Fraud or deceit
  • (10) Animal abuse, neglect, cruelty
  • (11) Illegal acts related to the profession
  • (13) Impairment
  • (14) Conviction of a crime

Rules and Regulations

Levels of Supervision
  • Immediate Supervision Veterinarian is within
    direct eyesight and hearing range.
  • Direct Supervision Veterinarian is on the
    premises readily available
  • Indirect Supervision Veterinarian is not on the
    premises, but is able to perform the duties by
    maintaining direct communication.

TASKSThe following tasks maybe performed ONLY by
a credentialed technician and the supervision of
a veterinarian provided the veterinarian does a
daily exam first.
Immediate Supervision
1. Introduce Anesthesia Surgical Assistant
2. Dental Extraction not requiring sectioning of the tooth or resection of bone
3. Euthanasia
TASKS (cont)
Direct Supervision
Suture existing surgical skin incisions
2. Blood collection/preparation/administration
3. Application of splints slings
4. Dental procedures, but not limited to the removal of calculus, soft deposits, plaque and stains, the smoothing/filing/polishing of teeth. Floating or dressing of equine teeth.
TASKS (cont)
Indirect Supervision
1. Administration or application of treatments, drugs, medications, vaccinations by routes (SQ,IM,IV)
2. Initiation of parenteral fluids administration
3. IV catheterizations
4. Radiology including settings, positioning, processing, and safety.
5. Collection of blood, urine by expression/cystocentesis/catheter,collection preparation of tissue, cellular or microbiological samples by skin scraping/impression slides/other non surgical methods
6. Routine laboratory procedures
7. Supervision of the handling of biohazardous waste materials.
Other Tasks
  • Physical Examinations and Patient History
  • Client Education
  • Office/Hospital Management
  • General Janitorial Services

EMERGENCY SITUATIONSA technician can render the
following life-saving aid and treatment
  • Application of tourniquets and/or pressure
    bandages to control hemorrhage.
  • Administration of medications/drugs and fluids
    shall ONLY be performed after direct
    communication with a veterinarian and he/she
    should be present or en route to location
  • Resuscitative procedures
  • Application of temporary splints or bandages to
    prevent further injury to bones or soft tissue
  • Application of appropriate wound dressings and
    external supportive treatment in severe wound and
    burn cases
  • External supportive treatment in heat stroke cases

  • NOTHING shall be construed to permit a
    credentialed technician to
  • Make any diagnosis or prognosis
  • Prescribe any treatments, drugs, medications or
  • Perform surgery

Loss of Credentials
  • All credentials issued to technicians in Texas
    shall expire on June 1st every year unless
  • Holders shall submit renewal fees and current
    mailing addresses to the Board
  • Holders will be required to submit evidence of
    the CE they received
  • Failure to submit appropriate items shall result
    in loss of all privileges and rights and they
    must immediately stop performing credentialed
    technician activities until renewal.

Malpractice and Common Law
  • Common Law has evolved over time on the basis of
    professional conduct, customs, and practices.
  • Common Law dictates many things to a veterinary
  • Practice owners must provide a reasonably safe
    environment for their employees and clients.
  • Must provide a level of medical care to their
    patients that is across the board
  • Failure to comply with common law malpractice.

  • Malpractice suits may be filed if
  • The veterinarian or technician agreed to treat
    and DID treat that particular animal
  • The veterinarian or technician failed to provide
    reasonable level of medical care to the patient
  • The patient was injured as a result of negligence.

Veterinarians may be found negligent for the
injurious actions of a technician. EX If the
veterinarian instructs a technician to give 6ml
of Insulin (instead of 0.06ml) and the cat dies
as a result of an overdose, the veterinarian, not
the technician may be found negligent. However-the
re has been a time when technicians have got sued
and found guilty for carrying out the injurious
instructions of the veterinarian..
Why do you think that is?
3 Classes of Ethics
  • Societal
  • Personal
  • Professional
  • A code of ethics is an essential characteristic
    of a profession and serves three functions
  • Communicates to the public to the members of
    the profession the ideals of the profession
  • General guide for professional ethical conduct
  • Provides standards of acceptable conduct that
    allow the profession to implement disciplinary
    procedures against those who fall below the

The purpose of the Code of Ethics is to provide
the technician with guidance to carrying out
professional responsibilities that way they can
meet the ethical obligations of the profession.
  • These are generated by society and are usually
    written into law.
  • Major Offenses
  • Murder, rape, arson, embezzlement, theft
  • Local Ordinances
  • Dogs must be walked on a leash, breed
    restrictions, loitering
  • Some people do not know the laws and
    regulations-but most are taught at a young age
    what is wrong or right

Personal Ethics
  • You have personal principles-tells you what is
    right/wrong or fair/unfair. It makes you who you
  • Examples dress, family structure, religious
    choices, political beliefs, sexuality.
  • Some cultures do not do not have the freedom to
    make choices about these things. That is when the
    Personal Ethics turn into Societal Ethics.

Professional Ethics
  • They are important and helps to provide
    additional guidelines by which people carry out
    their jobs.
  • You are challenged everyday with daily ethical
    choices. Some may be easy or hard.

Points of Professional Ethics
  • VTs shall aid society and animals through
    providing excellent care and services to animals
  • VTs shall prevent and relieve the suffering of
  • VTs shall promote public health by assisting
    with the control of zoonotic diseases and
    informing the public about these diseases
  • VTs shall protect confidential information
    provided by clients
  • VTs shall safeguard the public and the
    profession against individuals deficient in
    professional competence or ethics
  • VTs shall assist with efforts to ensure
    conditions of employment consistent with the
    excellent care for animals
  • VTs shall remain competent in veterinary
    technology through commitment to life-long
  • VTs shall collaborate with members of the
    medical profession in efforts to ensure quality
    health care services for all animals

Is it ethical or not ??
  • Try asking yourself the following questions
  • Is it legal? Would I be breaking the law if I
    carried out my action?
  • Is it fair and balanced? Am I being biased? Who
    will benefit-same or one sided?
  • How would I feel about myself? How would I react
    when others found out?

  • Recommended behaviors or ideal ways to act. They
    ensure that technicians take pride in their work,
    dress, and over all presentation.
  • Define/uphold/improve standards of the veterinary
  • Contribute to the professions body of knowledge
  • Understand and support the attachment between a
    person and his/her companion.

  • Important source of support and information for
  • Many associations/societies support the
    education, professional interests activities.
  • NAVTA promotes the profession.

What does NAVTA do for you?
  • Influences the future of veterinary technicians
  • Lets you be apart of the decision making process
    that affects technicians
  • Sets high standards of veterinary care
  • Promotes the veterinary health care team

Can you be apart of NAVTA and make a difference?
  • Guidelines
  • You must live in the US
  • You must have graduated from an accredited
    program in veterinary technology
  • You must have your credentials

  • Get Ready,
  • Get Set,
  • GO !

Situation 1
  • An owner calls and states that her 8 month
    old,FS, Boxer is vomiting every 15 minutes and
    straining to have a BM. She has a history of
    eating socks and pooping them out. Owner wants to
    know what to do.

1 An owner calls and states that her 8 month old,FS, Boxer is vomiting every 15 minutes and straining to have a BM. She has a history of eating socks and pooping them out. Owner wants to know what to do.
You as a technician can not diagnose her puppy. It sounds like she should bring her puppy to the veterinarian and have an exam. She should be aware of the potential complications if she waits.
Situation 2
  • Herb a 5 yr old, MN, Lab just underwent knee
    surgery 2 hours ago, is in recovery ward, the
    attending veterinarian left for lunch, Herb
    woke up from anesthesia screaming. What should
    you do?

2 Herb a 5 yr old, MN, Lab just underwent knee surgery 2 hours ago, is in recovery ward, the attending veterinarian left for lunch, Herb woke up from anesthesia screaming. What should you do?
You should first look at the patient and access him. Then look at his orders that your veterinarian wrote for post-op care. Since there is not a veterinarian on premises you should contact him/her and tell them what you found on your assessment and proceed with what they instruct you to do.
Situation 3
  • Max was seen on Wednesday for a swollen
    face. The veterinarian did a physical exam, blood
    work, and diagnosed a bee sting and sent Max
    home with Benadryl and Steroids. Owner calls 4
    days later states that the swelling initially
    went away but now is back. She wants to give MORE
    Benadryl and Steroids, what do you tell her?

3 Max was seen on Wednesday for a swollen face. The veterinarian did a physical exam, blood work, and diagnosed a bee sting and sent Max home with Benadryl and Steroids. Owner calls 4 days later states that the swelling initially went away but now is back. She wants to give MORE Benadryl, what do you tell her?
Get a over the phone physical exam, assess if Maxs condition is improving and advise owner that she should bring Max in for a recheck exam. You should not tell her to give more medications and monitor.
commitment, compassion, loyalty and dedication.
This profession is more than cute animals.
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