To Kill a Mockingbird - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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To Kill a Mockingbird

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To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: To Kill a Mockingbird


1
To Kill a Mockingbird
  • Harper Lee

2
OVERVIEW OF THE NOVEL
  • AUTHOR Harper Lee
  • PUBLICATION DATE 1960
  • SETTING Maycomb, Alabama
    1933-1935
  • POINT OF VIEW First person
    narrative
  • THEMES Lack of and need for human
    compassion
    Need for individual conscience

3
HARPER LEE
  • (Nellie) Harper Lee
  • BORN April 28, 1926
  • PLACE OF BIRTH Monroe, Alabama
  • PARENTS Amasa C. and Frances (Finch) Lee
  • Related to Robert E. Lee

4
AWARDS
  • 1960 Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Fiction by
    an American author
  • National Conference of Christian and Jews
    Brotherhood Award
  • Paperback of the Year Award
  • Book-of-the-Month Club

5
EDUCATION
  • Monroe, Alabama Public School
  • Huntington College in Montgomery, Alabama (1944)
  • Attended Oxford College one year as a Fullbright
    scholar

6
AUTHORS LINKS TO THE NOVELS PLOT AND CHARACTERS
  • Harper Lees father was a Southern lawyer. He
    served as the prototype for Atticus Finch.
  • Harper Lees age (6 to 8) correlates with Scouts
    age during 1933-1935, the time period of the
    book.
  • The courtroom in Maycomb is patterned after the
    one in Monroeville where Harper Lee observed her
    father in courtroom proceedings.
  • Tom Robinsons trial appears to be a composite of
    many trials in the South, specifically the
    Scottsboro trials.
  • Some of the novels characters are composites of
    people Harper Lee knew personally for example,
    the author Truman Capote as Dill.

7
CHARACTERS
  • ATTICUS FINCH lawyer, father of Scout and Jem
    widower
  • JEAN LOUISE SCOUT FINCH adult narrator as
    story begins narrates story in retrospect
    relates events that begin when she is 6 years
    old.
  • JEM FINCH Scouts brother, who is 4 years
    older than she.
  • CHARLES BAKER DILL HARRIS 7-year-old visitor
    to Maycomb acts as a catalyst

8
MORE CHARACTERS
  • ARTHUR BOO RADLEY neighborhood recluse
  • CALPURNIA the black housekeeper for the Finch
    family
  • AUNT ALEXANDRA Scout Jems aunt
  • MAUDE ATKINSON friend of Finch family

9
MORE CHARACTERS
  • TOM ROBINSON black man accused of raping a
    white girl
  • MAYELLA EWELL the girl who accuses Tom of rape
  • BOB EWELL Mayellas father
  • HECK TATE Sheriff of Maycomb

10
Reading the Novel
  • Setting is all important Be aware of the where
    and when as you begin
  • Point of View The novel is shaped by the voice
    of a young girl who sees the story from a
    position of naïve acceptance
  • Goodness vs. Ignorance (Evil) is an important
    theme

11
SETTING OF THE NOVEL
  • Southern United States
  • 1930s
  • Great Depression
  • Prejudice and legal segregation
  • Ignorance

12
1930s - Great Depression
  • Businesses failed, factories closed
  • People were out of work
  • Even people with money suffered because nothing
    was being produced for sale.
  • Poor people lost their homes, were forced to
    live off the land.

13
Racial prejudice dominated the time period.
Although slavery had ended in 1864, old ideas
were slow to change.
14
Racial separation (segregation)
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19
Gender Bias (Prejudice)
  • Women were considered weak
  • Women were generally not educated for
    occupations outside the home
  • In wealthy families, women were expected to
    oversee the servants and entertain guests
  • Men not considered capable of nurturing children

20
White trash
  • Poor, uneducated white people who lived on
    relief
  • lowest social class, even below the poor blacks
  • prejudiced against black people
  • felt the need to put down blacks in order to
    elevate themselves

21
Legal Issues of the 1930s
  • Women given the vote in 1920
  • Juries were male and white
  • Fair trial did not include acceptance of a black
    mans word against a white mans

22
Prejudice in the novel
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Handicaps
  • Rich/Poor
  • Age
  • Religion

23
QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
  • What was America like during the time of this
    book?
  • What is the significance of the title with
    regards to the plot and symbolism?
  • What experiences and people did Harper Lee rely
    on in order to develop her plot and characters?
  • Is there still prejudice in America today?

24
Literary Terms to Consider
  • Idiom- a construction or expression in one
    language that cannot be matched or directly
    translated word-for-word in another language
  • Green with envy
  • Raining cats and dogs
  • Colder than brass comode

25
Literary Terms to Consider
  • Hyperbole- the use of deliberate exaggeration to
    achieve an effect
  • Parody- an imitation of a specific literary work
    or the style of an author for comic effect,
    usually to ridicule or criticize that work,
    author, or style

26
Literary Terms to Consider
  • Paradox- a statement that seems
    self-contradictory or nonsensical on the surface
    but that, upon closer examination, may be seen to
    contain an underlying truth
  • Allegory- the presentation of an abstract idea
    through more concrete means, type of extended
    metaphor

27
Literary Terms to Consider
  • Personification- attributing human
    characteristics to anything nonhuman, this can be
    an abstract, inanimate object, or a living
    organism
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