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Greek%20Drama

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Title: Greek%20Drama


1
Greek Theater
2
The Greek Theater
  • 5th Century B. C.
  • Golden Age of Greek Drama
  • Dramatic festivals were popular
  • People witnessed tragic and comic plays

3
Overview of Greek Theatre
  • The land
  • The myths
  • The stage

4
The Land
  • Greece has thousands of inhabited islands and
    dramatic mountain ranges
  • Greece has a rich culture and history
  • Democracy was founded in Greece
  • Patriarchal (male dominated) society
  • Philosophy, as a practice, began in Greece
    (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)

5
The Land
  • Located in Europe in the Aegean Sea

6
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7
The Land
8
Overview of Greek Theatre
  • The land
  • The myths
  • The stage

9
The Stage
10
The Stage
Three Main Portions of Greek Theatre Skene
Portion of stage where actors performed (included
1-3 doors in and out) Orchestra Dancing Place
where chorus sang to the audience Theatron
Seating for audience
11
The Stage
12
The Stage
  • Greek plays were performed during religious
    ceremonies held in honor of Dionysus, the Greek
    god of wine and revelry (altars generally on
    stage)
  • Banks would shut down for days, people would
    travel from all around to see the drama
    competitionseven prisoners were temporarily
    released to see the plays
  • Tragedy means goat song (relates to Dionysian
    rituals)

13
The Stage
14
Where and how were the dramas performed?
In an amphitheatre With a chorus who described
most of the action. With masks With all the
fighting and movement going on off stage..With
tragedy first, then comedy later.
15
Masks of Greek Theater
16
The masks were worn for many reason including 1.
Visibility 2. Acoustic Assistance 3. Few Actors,
Many Roles 4. Characterization
17
Some general categories of masks 1. OLD MEN
Smooth-Faced, White, Grizzled, Black-Haired,
Flaxen and More Flaxen 2. YOUNG MEN Common,
Curled, More Curled, Graceful, Horrid, Pale and
Less Pale 3. SLAVES Leathern, Peaked-Beard, Flat
Nose 4. WOMEN Freed Old Woman, Old Domestic,
Middle Aged, Leathern, Pale-Disheveled, Pale
Middle Aged, Whorish-Disheveled, Virgin, Girl 5.
SPECIALIST MASKS Some made for specific
characters, others for Mourning, Blindness,
Deceit, Drunkenness...etc. (The comic masks,
those especially of old comedy, were as like as
possible to true persons they represented, or
made to appear more ridiculous)
18
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19
Masks of Greek Theater
20
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21
Masks of Greek Theater
22
Modern-day replicas
Hero-King
Comedy (Servant or Herald )
Tragedy (Weeping Chorus)
23
Theater at Epidaurus
24
Theater at Epidaurus
25
Major Greek Dramatists
Aeschylus 524 B.C. Seven Against Thebes
Sophocles 496 B.C. Antigone Oedipus
Euripides 480 B.C. Medea
Dramatist Born Wrote
26
Sophocles
27
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28
  • Oedipus Rex
  • There is a plague in Thebes.
  • Oedipus requests the reason behind it, and learns
    that it is due to the death of King Laius, and he
    finds out that the murderer is in the city.
  • Oedipus swears he will bring the murderer to
    justice.
  • Then, the search ensuesfilled with riddles,
    heart-ache, and tragedy.

29
Greek Comedy and Aristophanes
30
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31
Jasons Voyage on the Argo
Jason and Medea meet
Corinth Where Jason and Medea settle down
32
Overview of Greek Theatre
  • The land
  • The myths
  • The stage

33
Myths played a key rolein Greek drama
34
The Myths Why they were written
  1. Explained the unexplainable
  2. Justified religious practices
  3. Gave credibility to leaders
  4. Gave hope
  5. Polytheistic (more than one god)
  6. Centered around the twelve Olympians (primary
    Greek gods)

35
Explained the Unexplainable
  • When Echo tried to get Narcissus to love her, she
    was denied.
  • Saddened, she shriveled to nothing, her existence
    melting into a rock.
  • Only her voice remained.
  • Hence, the echo!

36
To justify religious practices
  • Dionysian cults in ancient Greece were founded to
    worship Dionysus, god of grapes, vegetation, and
    wine.

37
Roots in Worship of Dionysus
God of wine and revelry
38
Theater of Dionysus
  • Dionysia was an annual festival in honor of the
    god Dionysus
  • Theater of Dionysus was an open-air Theater with
    room for fifteen thousand spectators

39
Theater of Dionysus
  • carved out of a stone hillside
  • looked like a semicircle with steeply rising
    tiers of seats

40
Theater of Dionysus
41
Theater of Dionysus
  • At the bottom was the rounded orchestra or
    performance area where the chorus sang and danced

42
Dionysus Theater in Athens
43
Theater of Dionysus
  • Behind the orchestra was an open, almost bare,
    stage where actors spoke their lines from behind
    huge masks

44
Dionysus Theater in Athens
45
Dionysus Theater in Athens
46
Theater of Dionysus
  • Male actors performed all the roles
  • Actors switched masks to play a number of roles
    both female and male

47
Dionysus and Satyrs
48
To give credibility to leaders
  • Used myths to create family trees for their
    leaders, enforcing the made-up idea that the
    emperors were related to the gods and were, then,
    demigods.

49
To give hope
  • The ancient citizens of Greece would sacrifice
    and pray to an ORACLE.
  • An oracle was a priest or priestess who would
    send a message to the gods from mortals who
    brought their requests.

Where DID hope come from? After unleashing
suffering, famine, disease, and many other evils,
the last thing Pandora let out was HOPE.
50
Oracle of Delphi
51
Oracle of Delphi
52
Delphi
53
Delphi
54
Mount Olympus
Where the Olympians lived. Who are
the Olympians?
55
The Olympians Are the 12 Main Gods
56
The Olympians
57
Zeus
  • King of gods
  • Heaven
  • Storms
  • Thunder
  • lightning

58
Poseidon
  • Zeuss brother
  • King of the sea
  • Earthquakes
  • Horses

59
Hades
  • Brother to Zeus and Poseidon
  • King of the Underworld (Tartarus)
  • Husband of Persphone

60
Ares
  • God of war

61
Hephaestus
  • God of fire
  • Craftspeople
  • Metalworkers
  • Artisans

62
Apollo
  • God of the sun
  • Music
  • Poetry
  • Fine arts
  • Medicine

63
Hermes
  • Messenger to the gods
  • Trade
  • Commerce
  • Travelers
  • Thieves scoundrels

64
Dionysus
  • God of Wine
  • Partying (Revelry)

65
Hera
  • Queen of gods
  • Women
  • Marriage
  • Childbirth

66
Demeter
  • Goddess of Harvest
  • Agriculture
  • Fertility
  • Fruitfulness
  • Mom to Persephone

67
Hestia
  • Goddess of Hearth
  • Home
  • Community

68
Athena
  • Goddess of wisdom
  • Practical arts
  • War

69
Aphrodite
  • Goddess of love and beauty

70
Artemis
  • Goddess of hunting and the moon.

71
The Storyline
72
Central Character is of the Elite Class
73
Central Character suffers a Downfall
74
Central Character is Neither Wholly good nor
wholly evil
75
Downfall is the result of a Fatal Flaw
76
Misfortunes involve characters who are related or
who are friends
77
Tragic actions take place offstage
78
Central Character has a moment of recognition
79
Audience experiences pity and fear
80
Pity and Fear leads to a catharsis
81
The End
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