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COMPUTER AND INFORMATION ETHICS

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COMPUTER AND INFORMATION ETHICS By: Richard Ramos – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: COMPUTER AND INFORMATION ETHICS


1
COMPUTER AND INFORMATION ETHICS
  • By Richard Ramos

2
Effects of Technology
  • In countries through out the world, the
    information revolution has altered many aspects
    of life significantly.
  • Examples Employment, medicine, security,
    transportation and entertainment.
  • Consequently it has also affected society in bad
    ways also.
  • Examples Human relationships, careers, family
    life, values and many more.

3
A quote from Norbert Wiener
  • After world War II, the world would undergo a
    second industrial revolution an automatic
    age with enormous potential for good and for
    evil that would generate a staggering number of
    new ethical challenges and opportunities.

4
What is Computer Ethics
  • Computer Ethics is a branch of philosophy which
    deals with how people that use computers should
    make decision regarding professional and social
    conduct.

5
The Goods
  • Computers in the Workplace
  • Looking at a computer As a universal tool that
    can perform almost any task.
  • computers don't require sleep, they don't get
    tired, they dont ask for raises, they dont ask
    for vacation, they don't go home ill or take time
    off for rest and relaxation and at the same time,
    computers are often far more efficient than
    humans in performing many tasks

6
The Bad
  • They also have an effect to human health,
    security, happiness, freedom, knowledge,
    opportunities, de-skilling workers.
  • Computers also need repairs which at times can
    cost a lot of money.
  • computers obviously pose a threat to jobs.

7
The Ethics
  • It is possible, for example, that such workers
    will feel stressed trying to keep up with
    high-speed computerized devices
  • or they may be injured by repeating the same
    physical movement over and over again
  • or their health may be threatened by radiation
    emanating from computer monitors. These are a few
    of the ethical issues that arise when information
    technology is introduced into the workplace.
  • A typical problem in computer ethics arises
    because there is a policy vacuum about how
    computer technology should be used. Computers
    provide us with new capabilities and these in
    turn give us new choices for action.
  • The employment outlook, however, is not all bad.
    Consider, for example, the fact that the computer
    industry already has generated a wide variety of
    new jobs hardware engineers, software engineers,
    systems analysts, webmasters, information
    technology teachers, computer sales clerks, and
    so on.

8
The Ethics Cont.
  • In this era of computer viruses and
    international spying by hackers who are
    thousands of miles away, it is clear that
    computer security is a topic of concern in the
    field of Computer Ethics
  • New Forms of danger exist as a consequence of new
    forms of technology
  • One of the more controversial areas of computer
    ethics concerns the intellectual property rights
    connected with software ownership.

9
Conclusion
In 1991 a task Force of the ACM and IEEE adopted
a set of guidelines (Curriculum 1991) for
college programs in computer science. The
guidelines say that a significant component of
computer ethics (in the broad sense) should be
included in undergraduate education in computer
science Turner, 1991. The Accreditation Board
for Engineering Technologies (ABET) has long
required an ethics component in the computer
engineering curriculum Computer ethics today is
rapidly evolving into a broader and even more
important field.
  • computers and security, computers and
    unemployment, responsibilities of computer
    professionals, computers for persons with
    disabilities, computers and religion, information
    networks and globalization, virtual communities,
    teleworking, merging of human bodies with
    machines, robot ethics, artificial intelligence
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