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Ethics and Privacy

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3 Ethics and Privacy [about business] About [small] business Utilitarian Approach: states that an ethical action is the one that provides the most good or does the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ethics and Privacy


1
  • 3
  • Ethics and Privacy

2
  1. Define ethics, list and describe the three
    fundamental tenets of ethics, and describe the
    four categories of ethical issues related to
    information technology.
  2. Identify three places that store personal data,
    and for each one, discuss at least one potential
    threat to the privacy of the data stored there.

3
  1. Ethical Issues
  2. Privacy

4
Opening Case WikiLeaks Marches On
  • The Problem
  • The Solution
  • The Results
  • What We Learned from This Case

5
  • Pinterest
  • 3.1

6
  • 3.1
  • Ethical Issues
  • Ethical Frameworks
  • Ethics in the Corporate Environment
  • Ethics and Information Technology

7
  • 3.1
  • Ethical Issues
  • Ethics
  • The principles of right and wrong that
    individuals use to make choices that guide their
    behavior.

8
  • Ethical Frameworks
  • Four Widely Used Standards
  • Utilitarian Approach
  • Rights Approach
  • Fairness Approach
  • Common Good Approach
  • Combine Four Standards to Create a Framework for
    Ethical Decision Making

9
  • Ethical Frameworks
  • Five Steps in Ethical Decision Making Framework
  • Recognize an ethical issue
  • Get the facts
  • Evaluate alternative actions
  • Make a Decisions and Test It
  • Act and Reflect on the Outcome of Decisions

10
  • Ethics in the Corporate Environment
  • Code of Ethics
  • Fundamental Tenets of Ethics
  • Responsibility
  • Accountability
  • Liability
  • What is Unethical is not necessarily Illegal

11
  • Ethics Information Technology
  • Four General Categories of Ethical Issues Related
    to IT
  • Privacy Issues
  • Accuracy Issues
  • Property Issues
  • Accessibility Issues

12
  • The Dot Clones
  • 3.2

13
  • 3.2
  • Privacy
  • Electronic Surveillance
  • Personal Information in Databases
  • Information on Internet Bulletin Boards,
    Newsgroups, and Social Networking Sites
  • Privacy Codes and Policies
  • International Aspects of Privacy

14
  • 3.2
  • Privacy
  • Privacy
  • The right to be left alone and to be free of
    unreasonable personal intrusions.
  • Information Privacy
  • The right to determine when, and to what extent,
    information about you can be gathered and/or
    communicated to others.

15
  • 3.2
  • Privacy
  • Court Decisions in Many Countries have followed
    two rules
  • The right of privacy is not absolute. Privacy
    must be balanced against the needs of society.
  • The publics right to know supersedes the
    individuals right of privacy.

16
  • 3.2
  • Privacy
  • Digital Dossier
  • Profiling
  • Data Aggregators
  • LexisNexis
  • ChoicePoint
  • Acxiom

17
  • Electronic Surveillance
  • Using technology to monitor individuals as they
    go about their daily routines.
  • Is conducted by employers, governments, and other
    institutions.
  • Examples
  • Surveillance cameras in airports, subways, banks,
    and other public venues.

18
  • Electronic Surveillance
  • Inexpensive digital sensors are found in laptop
    webcams, video game sensors, smartphone cameras,
    utility meters, passports, and ID cards.
  • Smartphones create geotags
  • Google and Microsoft street view images
  • Satellite imaging

19
  • Personal Information in Databases
  • Personal Data / Record Keepers
  • Credit Reporting Agencies
  • Banks and Financial Institutions
  • Utility Companies
  • Employers
  • Hospitals
  • Schools
  • Government Agencies (IRS, State, City)

20
  • Personal Information in Databases
  • Major Concerns about Information You Provide
    Record Keepers
  • Do you know where the records are?
  • Are the records accurate?
  • Can you change inaccurate data?
  • How long will it take to make a change?
  • Under what circumstances will personal data be
    released?

21
  • Personal Information in Databases
  • Major Concerns about Information You Provide
    Record Keepers
  • How are the data used?
  • To whom are the data given or sold?
  • How secure are the data against access by
    unauthorized people?

22
  • Information on Internet Bulletin Boards,
    Newsgroups, and Social Networking Sites
  • Free Speech versus Privacy on the Internet
  • Derogatory Information Can Influence Hiring
    Decisions
  • Little to No Recourse for Victims

23
  • Privacy Codes Policies
  • An organizations guidelines for protecting the
    privacy of its customers, clients, and employees.
  • Opt-out Model
  • Opt-in Model
  • Platform for Privacy Preferences (P3P)
  • A protocol that communicates privacy policies
    between a web site and its visitors

24
  • Privacy Codes Policies
  • US Federal Trade Commissions Fair Information
    Practices Standard
  • European Directive on Data Privacy

25
  • International Aspects of Privacy
  • The Global Nature of the Internet Complicates
    Data Privacy
  • Approximately 50 Countries Have Data-Protection
    Laws
  • Inconsistent standards from country to country
  • Transborder data flow.

26
  • Google Glass Big Brother Really is Watching You
  • 3.3

27
Closing Case Target Provides a Surprise
  • The Problem
  • An Interesting IT Solution
  • The Results Initial Uses of Watson
  • What We Learned from This Case
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