SPANISH STEM-CHANGING VERBS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SPANISH STEM-CHANGING VERBS

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Verb endings. If a verb ends in er, you add: o. es. e. emos. en. if a verb ends in ir, you add: o. es. e. imos. en – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SPANISH STEM-CHANGING VERBS


1
SPANISH STEM-CHANGING VERBS
  • e?ie
  • o?ue
  • u?ue
  • e ? i

2
Los verbos que cambian e?ie
  • Tener
  • Querer
  • Pensar
  • Empezar
  • Comenzar
  • Perder
  • To have
  • To want
  • To think
  • To begin (start)
  • To begin (start)
  • To lose

3
How do these verbs work?
4
STEM-CHANGING VERBS GIVE THEIR STEMS THE BOOT!
5
Preferir



6
Preferir to want
  • First, lets just add all the correct endings.

7
Verb endings
  • If a verb ends in ar, you add
  • o
  • as
  • a
  • amos
  • an

8
Verb endings
  • If a verb ends in er, you add
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • emos
  • en
  • if a verb ends in ir, you add
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • imos
  • en

9
  • So, since preferir ends en ir (preferir),
    which endings will we add?
  • The ir endings
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • imos
  • en

10
Preferir
o
emos
prefer prefer
prefer
prefer prefer
es
en
e
11
Now, lets add our stem change.
  • Remember, only the e in the stem can change.
  • querer
  • perder
  • If there are two es in the stem, the second one
    always changes.
  • preferir
  • empezar

12
  • Now lets change the stems.
  • Remember, e can change to ie only within the
    boot. This means the nosotros form never changes!

13
Preferir
o
imos
prefier prefer
prefier
prefier prefier
es
e
en
14
The u?ue and o?ue verbs work the same way.
  • Poder
  • Jugar
  • Dormir
  • Soñar
  • Volver
  • Devolver
  • to be able to (can)
  • to play
  • to sleep
  • to dream
  • to return (to a place)
  • to return (a thing)

15
First, find the o or u in the stem that is going
to change
  • Poder
  • Jugar
  • Dormir
  • Soñar
  • Volver
  • Devolver

16
Then, decide which verb endings you will use.
  • For jugar
  • o
  • as
  • a
  • amos
  • an
  • For poder
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • emos
  • en

17
Then change it in the boot
juego jugamos
juegas
juega juegan
18
Poder To be able to
emos
ue
o
p__d pod
p__d
p__d p__d
es
ue
e
en
ue
ue
19
Los verbos e?i
Pedir Pido Pides Pide Pedimos Piden
Servir Sirvo Sirves Sirve Servimos Sirven
Decir Digo Dices Dice Decimos Dicen
Sonreír Sonrío Sonríes Sonríe Sonreímos Sonríen
Reír Río Ríes Ríe Reímos Ríen
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