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Verb Tenses

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Present Progressive Action in progress We are discussing verb tenses. The sun is shining today. ... You have been studying English for five years. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Verb Tenses


1
Verb Tenses
2
Simple Present
  • Habitual actions
  • I always get up early.
  • General statements of fact
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • Other examples?

3
Non-Action Verbs
  • State of being/non-action verbsI know you are
    right.He is from France.
  • Other examples?
  • I think hes smart. Im thinking of leaving
    early.
  • He has lots of money. Are you having fun?

4
Present Progressive
  • Action in progress
  • We are discussing verb tenses.
  • The sun is shining today.
  • Are you listening to me?
  • Other examples?

5
Simple Past
  • Action begun and ended in past
  • You worked hard on your presentation.
  • We had a test last week.
  • Examples?

6
Past Progressive
  • Past action in progress, often interrupted by
    another action
  • I was talking when Andy walked in.
  • The fire alarm went off while we were having
    class.
  • Examples?

7
Present Perfect
  • Past action at an unspecified time
  • I have been to Paris.
  • I have studied Norwegian.
  • Repeated past action, unspecified time
  • I have gone to the movies many times.
  • Action begun in the past continuing in the
    present
  • I have taught at JCCC for nine years.
  • I have taught here since 2002.

8
Past Perfect
  • 2 past actions, one completed before the other
  • Class had started when Yoon arrived.
  • I had already eaten when he invited me to lunch.
  • I ate breakfast before I came to school.
  • I got up, brushed my teeth, ate breakfast and
    left the house.
  • Examples?

9
Present Perfect Progressive
  • Stresses length of time of an action
  • You have been studying English for five years.
  • We have been sitting in class since 200.
  • Present progressive
  • Action in progress, no stress on duration
  • We are sitting in class now.
  • Present perfect, Less emphasis on duration of
    action I have studied French since 2003.

10
Past Perfect Progressive
  • Action in progress in the past, stress on
    duration of action
  • He had been working at Ford for ten years when he
    was suddenly fired.
  • The family had been living in Jefferson for many
    years when they had to move to Carroll.
  • The family had lived in Jefferson for many years
    when they moved to Carroll.
  • Examples?

11
Future
  • Will base form
  • Prediction It will rain this weekend.
  • In the moment I need help. Ill help!
  • Be going to base form
  • Prediction It is going to rain tonight.
  • Planned action Im going to sew tonight.
  • Present progressive
  • Were having a test on Tuesday.
  • Present The train leaves at 600.

12
Other Future Tenses
  • Future progressive action in progress at some
    point in the future
  • You will be taking quizzes every Thursday.
  • Future perfect action completed at some point
    in the future
  • You will have finished all ESL classes by next
    spring.
  • Future perfect progressive - Action in progress
    at some point in the future, emphasis on duration
    of the action in progress
  • I will have been teaching for twelve years next
    spring.
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