READING SKILLS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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reading skills do you know how to read? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Reading and Understanding Texts
  • Get the big picture first, so the details will
    have a structure and categories to fit into.
  • Find out what you don't remember (by reviewing
    from memory) to focus future learning.

  • Figure out what's important. This will include
    material that is emphasized by size or other
    graphical techniques (boldface, italics) or
    position (beginning or end of a section).
    Sometimes the introduction or concluding
    paragraph will highlight the key points. Texts
    might even include objectives, study questions,
    terms, etc. Ask yourself about the level of
    detail needed for mastery, keeping in mind that
    you probably only need to know the main ideas and
    supporting points.
  • Read what's important. Get the big picture first
    don't try to learn detailed information yet.

  • Review from memory. Using a concept map, write
    down everything you can remember, without looking
    back at the text. If you can't remember at least
    80 of the key points you have covered, you read
    too much before reviewing. (Don't think that the
    material that you forgot will magically reappear
    on the exam when you really need it -- it won't!)
  • Repeat the above steps as many times as
    necessary, going for greater detail each time.
    Stop when you can recall the key points

Reading Comprehension The REDW Strategy for
Finding Main Ideas  
  • REDW is a good strategy to use to find the main
    idea in each paragraph of a reading assignment.
    Using this strategy will help you comprehend the
    information contained in your assignment. Each of
    the letters in REDW stands for a step in the

REDW Strategy
  • Read Read the entire paragraph to get an idea of
    what the paragraph is about. You may find it
    helpful to whisper the words as you read or to
    form a picture in your mind of what you are
    reading. Once you have a general idea of what the
    paragraph is about, go on to the next step.
  • Examine Examine each sentence in the paragraph
    to identify the important words that tell what
    the sentence is about. Ignore the words that are
    not needed to tell what the sentence is about. If
    you are allowed to, draw a line through the words
    to be ignored. For each sentence, write on a
    sheet of paper the words that tell what the
    sentence is about.

  • Decide Reread the words you wrote for each
    sentence in the paragraph. Decide which sentence
    contains the words you wrote that best describe
    the main idea of the paragraph. These words are
    the main idea of the paragraph. The sentence that
    contains these words is the topic sentence. The
    other words you wrote are the supporting details
    for the main idea.
  • Write Write the main idea for each paragraph in
    your notebook. This will provide you with a
    written record of the most important ideas you
    learned. This written record will be helpful if
    you have to take a test that covers the reading

Reading Clues
  • Deduction - What does the sentence concern? Which
    words does the unknown word seem to relate to?
  • Part of Speech - Which part of speech is the
    unknown word? Is it a verb, noun, preposition,
    adjective, time expression or something else?
  • Chunking - What do the words around the unknown
    word(s) mean? How could the unknown word(s)
    relate to those words? - This is basically
    deduction on a more local level.

Reading Clues
  • Vocabulary Activation - When quickly skimming
    through the text, what does the text seem to
    concern? Does the layout (design) of the text
    give any clues? Does the publication or type of
    book give any clues to what the text might be
    about? Which words can you think of that belong
    to this vocabulary category?

Make logical guesses about the meaning of the
unknown words in the following paragraph.
  • Jack quickly entered the didot and cleaned the
    various misturaes he had been using to repair the
    wuipit. He had often thought that this job was
    extremely yullning. However, he had to admit that
    this time things seemed to be a bit easier. When
    he finished, he put on his redick and went back
    to the study to relax. He took out his favourite
    pipe and settled into the beautiful new pogtry.
    What a fantastic schnappy he had made when he had
    bought the pogtry. Only 300 yagmas!

Reading Styles
  • Skimming - Reading rapidly for the main points
  • Scanning - Reading rapidly through a text to find
    specific information required
  • Extensive - Reading longer texts, often for
    pleasure and for an overall understanding
  • Intensive - Reading shorter texts for detailed
    information with an emphasis on precise

Identify the reading skills required in the
following reading situations
  • The TV guide for Friday evening
  • An English grammar book
  • An article in National Geographic magazine about
    the Roman Empire
  • A good friend's homepage on the Internet
  • The opinion page in your local newspaper
  • The weather report in your local newspaper
  • A novel
  • A poem
  • A bus timetable
  • A fax at the office
  • An advertising email - so called "spam"
  • An email or letter from your best friend
  • A recipe
  • A short story by your favourite author

Have fun reading!