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ENGLISH I GRAMMAR NOTES

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ENGLISH I GRAMMAR NOTES APOSTROPHE, QUOTATIONS MARKS, HYPHENS, DASHES, and other important PUNCTUATION ... Quinn and Scott werent happy about the games final score. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ENGLISH I GRAMMAR NOTES


1
ENGLISH I GRAMMAR NOTES
  • APOSTROPHE, QUOTATIONS MARKS, HYPHENS, DASHES,
    and other important PUNCTUATION MARKS

2
Rules forAPOSTROPHE MARKS
  • The rules that follow show us how to properly
    use APOSTROPHE MARKS. We will need to know how to
    properly use quotation marks for the English I
    state exam.

3
APOSTROPHE MARKS
4
APOSTROPHE MARKS
5
APOSTROPHE MARKS
6
Rules forQUOTATION MARKS
  • The rules that follow show us how to properly use
    QUOTATION MARKS. We will need to know how to
    properly use quotation marks for the English I
    state exam.

7
QUOTATION MARKS
8
QUOTATION MARKS
9
QUOTATION MARKS
10
The Hyphen
  • A hyphen is a very short horizontal line between
    words. Note that there is no space between a
    hyphen and the character on either side of it.
  • Do not confuse a hyphen (-) with a dash (-),
    which is longer.
  • 1. Use a hyphen to join words to show that their
    meaning is linked in some way book-case (or
    bookcase), race-horse (or racehorse), pick-me-up
  • 2. Use a hyphen to make compound modifiers
    before nouns
  • a blue-eyed boy (but The boy was blue eyed.)
    The well-known actor (but The actor is well
    known.) Their four-year-old son (but Their son is
    four years old.)
  • 3. Use a hyphen with certain prefixes. The
    prefixes all-, ex-, and self- usually need a
    hyphen all-inclusive, ex-wife, self-control

11
THE DASH
  • THE DASH SHOULD BE USED TO INDICATE A SUDDEN
    CHANGE OF IDEAS, BUT SHOULD BE USED SPARINGLY.
    THE DASH MAY BE USED FOR EMPHASIS OR FOR VISUAL
    EFFECT.
  • 1. USE THE DASH TO INDICATE AN ABRUPT CHANGE OF
    THOUGHT IN A SENTENCE OR STRONG PARENTHETICAL
    EXPRESSIONS.
  • EXAMPLE SHE FEELS HOW CAN I SAY THAT? LIKE
    AN OUTCAST.
  • 2.  USE THE DASH TO SET OFF A SUMMARY OR AN
    AFTERTHOUGHT THAT IS ADDED TO A SENTENCE.
  • EXAMPLE THE EDUCATIONAL TEAM WILL MAKE AN
    EVALUATION AND DRAW UP A PLAN IN FACT, THEY
    WILL PROVIDE A COMPLETE SPECIAL PROGRAM FOR THE
    CHILD.
  • 3.  USE THE DASH TO EMPHASIZE A WORD OR PHRASE
    THAT IS REPEATED.
  • EXAMPLE THE PRESIDENT STATED THAT WE HAD ONE
    WEEK ONE WEEK ONLY TO MAKE A DECISION.
  • 4.   USE A DASH TO MARK LIMITS BETWEEN DATES,
    NUMBERS, PLACES, AND TIMES. EXAMPLE THE
    ADMISSIONS OFFICE IS OPEN 900 430 DAILY. 

12
OTHER PUNCTUATION MARKS TO KNOW FOR THE STATE
EXAM
  • 1. QUESTION MARKS Use a question mark only after
    a direct question.
  • Examples Will you go with me?
  • 2. Exclamation Mark Use the exclamation point to
    show emphasis or surprise. Do not use the
    exclamation point in formal business writing.  
  • Example I'm truly shocked by your behavior!
  • 3. COMMAS Refer to your notes from the first
    nine weeks.
  • 4. SEMI-COLONS Refer to your notes from the
    first nine weeks.
  • 5. COLONS Refer to your notes from the first
    nine weeks.

13
  • Have you seen my English book Emmy? asked Justin.
  • Annas favorite sport is surfing.
  • Michael cant stand being bored.
  • Dont stand too close to the water Brianna told
    Brooke and Haley.
  • Summers favorite subject is world history.

14
  • Winters the best time of the year Raheem shouted
    with joy.
  • Selena said that she couldnt sleep at all last
    night because she was excited about school.
  • Justus party was last night.
  • Is that Bryans hat? Dillon asked Taishaun.
  • Cameron played a great game of golf last night
    Stephen. said to Tyler.

15
  • Quinn and Scott werent happy about the games
    final score.
  • I dont care what you think James said to Walter
    Duke is the best team ever.
  • Nicoles favorite holiday is Thanksgiving, but
    Jarreds favorite holiday is Halloween.
  • Darren wasnt worried about the exams he knew
    that hed pass.
  • Its crazy to watch a dog chase its own tail.
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