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3.3 The Middle Colonies

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3.3 The Middle Colonies The English created New York and New Jersey from former Dutch territory. William Penn established the colony of Pennsylvania. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 3.3 The Middle Colonies


1
3.3 The Middle Colonies
  • The English created New York and New Jersey from
    former Dutch territory.
  • William Penn established the colony of
    Pennsylvania.
  • The economy of the middle colonies was supported
    by trade and staple crops.

2
New York
  • Dutch founded New Netherland in 1613 as fur
    trading post.
  • New Amsterdam
  • center of fur trade.
  • Peter Stuyvesant led the colony from 1647-1664.
  • English captured colony in 1664 and renamed it
    New York.

3
New Jersey
  • English took control in 1664.
  • Between the Hudson and Delaware rivers.
  • Diverse population
  • Dutch, Swedes, Finns, and Scots.

4
Penns Colony
  • Quakers
  • A.K.A. Society of Friends
  • one of largest religious groups in New Jersey.
  • supported nonviolence and religious tolerance
  • William Penn
  • founded Pennsylvania
  • safe home for Quakers
  • Penn limited his power, established an elected
    assembly, and promised religious freedom to all
    Christians

5
Economy of the Middle Colonies
  • Good climate and rich soil
  • staple crops
  • crops that are always needed
  • wheat, barley, and oats
  • indentured servants were a larger source of
    labor.
  • Trade to Britain and the West Indies important to
    economy of middle colonies.

6
Women in the Middle Colonies
  • Ran farms and businesses
  • Examples clothing stores, drugstores, and
    bakeries.
  • Some were nurses and midwives.
  • Most worked primarily in the home.
  • Married women managed households and raised
    children.

7
3.4 Life in the English Colonies
  • Colonial governments were influenced by political
    changes in England.
  • English trade laws limited free trade in the
    colonies.
  • The Great Awakening and the Enlightenment led to
    ideas of political equality among many colonists.
  • The French and Indian War gave England control of
    more land in North America.

8
Colonial Governments
  • King James II
  • wants more control of English government
    colonies
  • Dominion of New England 1686
  • United northern colonies under one government
  • Parliament replaced King James II
  • English Bill of Rights in 1689
  • Colonies new assemblies and charters and could
    elect their own representatives.

9
Governments
  • Each English colony had its own
  • given power by a charter
  • The English monarch had ultimate authority

10
Governors and Legislatures
  • Governor
  • head of the government.
  • assisted by an advisory council.
  • Some elected representatives
  • Virginia 1st colonial legislature in 1619.
  • Town meeting
  • People talked about and decided on issues of
    local interest
  • Colonial courts
  • reflected the beliefs of their communities
  • used to control local affairs.

11
English Trade Laws
  • Practiced mercantilism
  • a system of creating and maintaining wealth
    through controlled trade.
  • Parliament passed the Navigation Acts to limit
    colonial trade.
  • Colonies complained about trade restrictions

12
Colonial Trade
  • Triangular Trade
  • system in which goods and slaves were traded
    among the Americas, Great Britain, and Africa.
  • Middle Passage
  • Terrible conditions caused thousands of captives
    to die on slave ships.

13
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14
Great Awakening
  • Religious leaders wanted to spread religious
    feelings.
  • The Great Awakening
  • a religious movement that swept the colonies in
    the 1730s and 1740schanged religion.
  • Revivals became popular
  • political and social issues

15
Enlightenment
  • Movement in 1700s that spread the idea that
    reason could improve society.
  • Formed ideas on how government should work.
  • People had natural rights such as equality and
    liberty.
  • Influenced colonial leaders.

16
French and Indian War
  • Native American Allies
  • Some allied with the colonists in King Philips
    War.
  • The French traded and allied with the Algonquian
    and Huron.
  • The English allied with the Iroquois League.

17
War Erupts
  • France and Britain want control of North America
    in the late 1600s.
  • The French and Indian War (Seven Years War)
    started in 1754.
  • Turning point
  • British capture Quebec in 1759.

18
Treaty of Paris 1763
  • British gain most of North America
  • French influence in are is damaged

19
Western Frontier
  • Most had been made along the Atlantic coast.
  • Began to move west after the war.
  • Indians led by Chief Pontiac rebelled against new
    British settlements in 1763.
  • Proclamation of 1763
  • Banned settlement west of the Appalachian
    Mountains.

20
Crash Course French and Indian War 3.4 Life in
the English Colonies Worksheet
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?v5vKGU3aEGssfeatur
    eyoutu.be

21
3.5 Conflict in the Colonies The Big Ideas!
  • British efforts to raise taxes on colonists
    sparked protest
  • The Boston Massacre caused colonial resentment
    toward Great Britain
  • Colonists protested the British tax on tea with
    the Boston Tea Party
  • Great Britain responded to colonial actions by
    passing the Intolerable Acts

22
Sugar Act 1764
  • Sugar Act
  • tax colonists to make them help pay costs of war
  • End smuggling from West Indies
  • Monopoly of market to British
  • No Taxation Without Representation
  • Samuel Adams
  • Committees of Correspondence - Trying to round up
    anger

23
Stamp Act of 1765
  • official stamp, or seal, on purchase of paper
    goods
  • Help pay the cost of protecting American Frontier
  • Hated because it set a standard before taxes
    for regulating trade now used for raising money
    without colonial legislative approval
  • Immediate protests - Sons of Liberty sometimes
    used violence
  • Stamp Act Congress of 1765 declared the tax a
    violation of colonial rights
  • Repealed in 1766

24
Townshend Acts of 1767
  • Duties on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
  • Boycotts
  • Sons of Liberty attacked customs houses
  • British troops sent in 1768

25
The Boston Massacre
  • British troops sent there to keep citizens in
    line/pay taxes
  • Crowd forms after British soldier struck a
    colonist on March 5, 1770
  • Soldiers fired into the crowd, killing 3,
    including Crispus Attucks
  • Led to more resentment against British reported
    and used to stir up hate for British
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?v-K2UgQFRr38
  • Re-enactment video

26
The Boston Tea Party
  • Colonial merchants smuggled tea to avoid paying
    the British tea tax basically un-inforced taxes
    by British
  • Tea Act in 1773
  • allowed British East India Company to sell cheap
    tea to the colonists
  • Effectively a monopoly by British
  • On December 16, 1773
  • Boston Tea Party
  • http//ed.ted.com/lessons/the-story-behind-the-bos
    ton-tea-party-ben-labaree
  • EDTalk video

27
The Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) 1774
  • Boston Harbor closed until Tea Party damages
    money paid
  • Massachusetts's charter canceled
  • Royal officials accused of crimes sent to Great
    Britain for trial
  • Quartering Act furnish supplies/barracks/etc.
    to British troops
  • Quebec Act extend Canadian border to cut off
    Mass, VA, and Conn
  • ALSO - General Thomas Gage made new governor of
    Massachusetts

28
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