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Active and Passive Voice

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Active and Passive Voice Active Voice In active voice, ... Worse yet, you can leave the actor out completely and still have a good English sentence. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Active and Passive Voice


1
Active and Passive Voice
  • Voice
  • The voice of a verb tells whether the subject of
    the sentence performs (agent) or receives
    (receiver) the action.
  • In English there are two voices passive and
    active.

2
Active and Passive Voice
  • Active Voice  In active voice, the subject
    performs the action expressed by the verb
  • The student wrote a song. 
  • The dog bit the mailman.      

3
Active and Passive Voice
  • Passive Voice   In passive voice, the subject
    receives the action expressed by the verb
  • A song was written by the student.
  • The mailman was bitten by the dog.

4
Active and Passive Voice
  • EX. The mailman was bitten by the dog.
  • The mailman has become the subject of this
    sentence, but he isn't performing the action the
    dog is the one doing the biting.

5
Active and Passive Voice
  • Forming Tenses of Passive Verbs
  • The passive voice always consists of two parts
    a form of the verb "to be" past participle.

6
Active and Passive Voice
  • The use of the passive voice is not necessarily
    grammatically incorrect, but it is stylistically
    undesirable

7
Active and Passive Voice
  • Problems with Passive Voice
  • Passive voice obscures or loses part of the
    substance (the actor) of a sentence.
  • When you use passive voice, the receiver of the
    action (object) becomes the subject of the
    sentence and the actor appears in a
    prepositional phrase after the verb

8
Active and Passive Voice
  • Problems with Passive Voice
  • a.  Calisthenics were conducted by the Coach.
  • Calisthenics (subject) were conducted (verb) by
    the Coach (actor). (Calisthenics is not the
    actor.)

9
Active and Passive Voice
  • Problems with Passive Voice
  • Worse yet, you can leave the actor out completely
    and still have a good English sentence. This
    means you have eliminated part of the substance.
  • Your pay records were lost.
  • Your pay records (subject) were lost (verb). (No
    actor)

10
Active and Passive Voice
  • Problems with Passive Voice
  • This construction is beneficial for sources that
    wish to elude blame
  • Mistakes (subject) were made (verb).

11
Active and Passive Voice
  • Problems with Passive Voice
  • Passive voice is less efficient than active
    voice. Active writing usually requires fewer
    words to get the same message to your audience.
  • Active George ate the chocolate bar.
  • Passive The chocolate bar was eaten by George.

12
Active and Passive Voice
  • Appropriate times to use Passive Voice
  • 1. Use passive voice when you want to emphasize
    the receiver of the action.
  • Passive Your mother was taken to the hospital.
  • Active An ambulance took your mother to the
    hospital.

13
Active and Passive Voice
  • Appropriate times to use Passive Voice
  • 2. Use passive voice when you don't know who
    performed the action.
  • Passive The rifle was stolen.
  • Active A person stole the rifle.

14
Active and Passive Voice
  • Appropriate times to use Passive Voice
  • 3. Distance is created by the writer with the
    passive voice. ?
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