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Famous Women in Islamic History

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Title: Famous Women in Islamic History


1
Famous Women in Islamic History
2
Muslim Women in History
  • Scholars and Muhaddithat
  • Worshippers and Mystics
  • Orators and Preachers
  • Warriors
  • Benefactors
  • Women of General Excellence
  • Poetesses and Women of Eloquence
  • Many Women of Political Acumen

3
Some Generalizations About Women in the Prophetic
Age
  • Critical Consciousness
  • Counselors
  • Women and the Hijaab
  • Women at Work
  • Facility of Movement
  • Women and Dynamic Participation
  • Rich, Mature, Helpful, Honorable Lives
  • Knowledgeable

4
KHADIJAH THE ARCHETYPE
  • Family and Character
  • Wealth and Status
  • The First of the Believers
  • Esteemed Counselor

5
Famous Companion Women
  • Sumayya - first martyr of Islam
  • Umm Aiman Barakah
  • Umm Salamah
  • Fatima
  • Samra bint Nuhayk al Asadiyya - market inspector
  • Ash Shifa bint Abdullah - skilled in medicine
    public administration - Umar appoints her wali of
    administration of the marketplace
  • Too many!

6
WARRIOR WOMEN
  • Took part in battles by carrying water, nursing
    wounded, some also fought!
  • Safiyya bint Abdul Muttalib, ras saw aunt killed
    a spy with a tent pole
  • Khaibar Umayyah bint Qais the women of Banu
    Ghifaar
  • The Yarmuk contingent
  • Azdah bint al Harith Heroine of Battle of
    Maisaan - banners made out of headscarves to
    reinforce the army!
  • THE BLACK KNIGHT Khawlah bint al-Azwar

7
Nusaibah bint Kab al-Ansariyah
  • Al-Aqabah
  • The Battle of Uhud
  • The Prophets Praise - I did not turn right or
    left in the Battle of Uhud but that I saw her
    fighting near me.
  • Her Wounds
  • Later Events Ridwaan Yamaamah

8
Muslim Women and Hadith
  • Women An Essential Element From the Beginning to
    the End
  • Bearing the Light of Aishah
  • Transmitters of Hadith Scholars of Hadith
  • Transmitters Raawiyaat
  • From the Prophetic Period till the Compilations
  • Scholars Muhaddithaat
  • From the Compilations till the modern age

9
Aishah The Greatest Woman of Her Age
  • Aishahs Breadth
  • Aishah the Scholar of Law
  • Aishah the Giver of Fatwaas Independent
    Rulings
  • Transmitter of Hadith Among The Six Transmitters
    of 1000 (Aishah 2210)
  • Aishah as Educator and Public Speaker
  • Aishah Teacher of a Nation
  • The Seven Fuqahaa of Madinah Maalik
  • Aishah Unmatched in Eloquence and Oratory
  • Whenever we Companions of the Prophet encountered
    any difficulty in the matter of any hadith we
    referred it to Aishah and found that she had
    definite knowledge about it. (Abu Musa al-Ash'ar)

10
Women of Power
  • The number of women who were politically
    prominent are well over a hundred Umayyads,
    Abbasids, Turks, Persians, Mongols, Indians, and
    others.
  • Shajar ad-Durr - Sultana est control over Egypt,
    led resistance against 7th Crusade, captures
    leader St. Louis
  • Shaghab - ruled Abbasid empire for a time, helped
    public audiences, governors and judges reported
    to her
  • Radiyah Begum - ruled Delhi took firm control of
    the govt., did justice, led her armies and was
    famed for fair dealing.
  • Two Rulers in Modern Times Sakandar Begum took
    authority in the principality of Bhopal in
    Central India- Great pilgrimage 1863 daughter
    ruled until 1901
  • Contemporary times

11
Al Udar al-Karimah Shihaab ad Din Salaah
  • Died 762 H / 1360 CE - VICEGERENT QUEEN OF YAMAN
  • Lordly Lady of Piety, Goodness, Sharp
    Intelligence, Decisive Resolve, Calm Forbearance,
    Supreme Political Acumen
  • Patroness of Scholars and Upright Men of
    Religious Piety
  • Champion of the Poor and Needy She would go
    secretly from house to house of the poor, seeking
    to learn their needs and giving them Generous
    Gifts
  • She built great schools and mosques in Zabid,
    Taizz, and throughout the land
  • In the 14 Months of Her Sons Absence (Jihad to
    protect the Egypt)
  • She Established Internal Security in Yaman
  • She Established Administrative Order
  • She Established JUSTICE throughout the land
  • She Did Remarkable Good by way of Charity

12
Famous Women Benefactors in Islam
  • Mosque endowments, Great School Builders,
    Stipulations and Trusts
  • Turkaan Khatuun 487 / 1094, wife of Malik Shah
  • Radiyah Begum of the Dehli Sultanate
  • Nur Jehan Jehangir - The Coinage, Helping the
    People, Hindu Reform
  • Saint of Fez Fatimah al-Fihriyah d. 265/ 880
  • Her Family and Inheritance, The Qarawiyiin Mosque
    Project
  • Al Andalus mosque in Fez built by sister
  • Banafshaa ar-Rumiyah d. 399 / 1008
  • Restorer of a City Renovating Baghdad
  • Her Own School and Endowment, Her Special Zakat
    al-Fitr

13
Zubaidah bt Ja'far b al-Mansur d. 216/831
  • Wealthiest and most powerful woman in the world
    of her time.
  • Wife of Harun ar-Rashid
  • Benefactor of political acumen and standing.
  • Noble woman. Great wealth. Generosity.
    Munificence.
  • Great Intellect and profound opinions.
  • Eloquent master of Arabic
  • Builder of cities and Civilization
  • Makkahs Water Supply
  • The Pilgrimage Route
  • Patroness of Writers, Poets, and Physicians -
    even Christians, the poor the needy, religious
    scholars and men of piety

14
Famous Women of Knowledge in Islam
  • Law and General Islamic Sciences
  • The Legacy of the Prophets Wives and Companions
  • Rabi'ah Bint Mu'awwad - great scholar of fiqh,
    taught ntellectual scholars of Madina
  • Umm 'Atiyyah - sahabah and learned scholars among
    the tabi'een used to come to her to learn various
    aspects of Islamic jurisprudence, narrated many
    ahadith.
  • A'isha bint Sa'd bint ibn Abi Waqqas - daughter
    of great Sahabi. She was very learned in Islamic
    sciences to the point that Imam Malik, Hakim ibn
    Utaybah and Ayyub as Sakhtiyani, the famous
    jurists and scholars of ahadith were her pupils.
  • Sayyida Nafisa Granddaughter of Hasan - A large
    number of pupils came to her from different
    places to learn from her. Imam Shafi'i was one of
    her pupils.
  • Fatima bint Qays - discussed a juristic point
    with 'Umar and 'A'isha. Imam Nawawi said, "She
    was one of those who migrated in the early days,
    and possessed great intellect and excellence.
  • Hafsa bint Sirin - sister of M. Sirin. Memorized
    Quran at 12, read 1/2 Quran each night. Prayed
    and fasted incessantly.

15
Famous Muslim Women Poetess
  • Walladah bint Mustakfi (c. 1001-1080 C.E.) -
    daughter of the caliph of Cordoba in Islamic
    Spain. Cordoba was a tolerant, multicultural
    society, famous for its many libraries and
    sophisticated literary life, in which women were
    often scholars. After her father's death,
    Walladah inherited enough wealth to guarantee her
    independence. She was well known as a poet and
    hosted literary gatherings for both men and
    women.
  • Nana Asmau, Maryam bint Sh. Uthman dan Fodio -
    poems and compendiums on legal commentaries

16
Rabia al Adawiya al Qadsiyya
  • Named rabia 4th girl, orphan, slavery, freed,
    known as Rabia of Basra
  • Retreated to desert for life of worship
  • Led a life of poverty and rejected rich marriage
    offers
  • Many famous ppl came to learn from her including
    Hasan al Basri
  • Rabi'a is probably best known for her emphasis on
    unselfish love for Allah (swt) loving Allah
    (swt) only for His sake, and not for fear of
    punishment or desire of reward. She prayed
  • "O Allah! If I worship You for fear of Hell, burn
    me in Hell, and if I worship You in hope of
    Paradise, exclude me from Paradise. But if I
    worship You for Your Own sake, grudge me not Your
    everlasting Beauty. "

17
The Critical Consciousness of the Companion Women
  • What made them amazing?
  • Women are the full sisters of men
  • Full Social and Political Participation
  • Work in and outside the Home
  • Social Contributions
  • Social and Societal Maturity
  • Education Obtained Ijazas, attended study
    circles, taught others, est. institutions

18
Quranic Women
  • Hawwa - not to blame
  • Maryam - Quranic ideal
  • Bilqis - queen of sheeba - consulted advisors,
    ruled her kingdom, passes judgements, leads her
    ppl to Islam
  • Asiyaa wife of Firawn, saves Musa
  • Wife of Aziz, Ibrahim, Lut
  • Response to women - Mujadilah

19
Contemporary Heroines
  • Zaynab al Ghazali - Return of the Pharoah
  • Maryum Jameelah -prolific author, corresponded
    with Maududi
  • Khadijah Haffajee
  • Shahina Siddiqui
  • Ingrid Mattson
  • Maha Genaidi
  • ...

20
Conclusions
  • Finding the balance
  • Searching Out the Real Picture
  • Our Need of a Definitive View
  • Himaar Miskeen ) - moral for Muslim women of
    today
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