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Mental & Emotional Health Mental Disorders Lesson 1 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mental

Mental Emotional Health
  • Mental Disorders
  • Lesson 1

What are Mental Disorders???
  • They are an illness of the mind that can affect
    the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a
  • It can prevent someone from leading a happy,
    healthful and productive life.
  • 40 of homeless
  • people suffer from
  • some type of MD.

Types of MDs
  • Anxiety Disorder
  • A condition in which real or imagined fears are
    difficult to control.
  • Characteristics
  • Chronic fear,
  • avoidance issues are
  • the main issues for
  • this disorder.

4 Main Classifications of Anxiety Disorder
  1. Phobia
  2. Obsessive Compulsive
  3. Panic Disorders
  4. Post Traumatic Stress

  • Is a strong irrational fear of something
  • Some common Phobias
  • Acrophobia- Fear of heights.
  • Agoraphobia- Fear of open spaces or of being in
    crowded ones.
  • Arachnophobia- Fear of spiders.
  • Aquaphobia Fear of water.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or
    repetitive behaviors (compulsions).
  • Signs SymptomsPeople with OCD may be plagued
    by persistent, unwelcome thoughts or images, or
    by the urgent need to engage in certain rituals.
  • Ex.obsessed with germs
  • or dirt, and wash their hands
  • over and over.

Panic Disorder
  • is a condition characterized by
  • reoccurring panic attacks in
  • combination with significant behavioral change or
    at least a month of ongoing worry about the
    implications or concern about having other
  • Symptomsrapid heartbeat, perspiration,
    dizziness, trembling, psychological experience of
    uncontrollable fear

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Is a condition that may develop after exposure to
    a terrifying event that threatened or caused
    physical harm.
  • Symptoms
  • Flashbacks, or reliving the traumatic event for
    minutes or even days at a time
  • Shame or guilt
  • Upsetting dreams about
  • the traumatic event
  • Ex. Causing PTSD-Assault,
  • rape, earthquake, bombing,
  • planes crashes, military combat

Mood Disorders
  • Clinical Depression
  • Depressive disorders range in
  • seriousness from mild, temporary
  • episodes of sadness to severe, persistent
  • depression.
  • Signs and symptoms may include
  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Persistent sadness or feeling of emptiness
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Significant weight loss or gain
  • Loss of concentration
  • Fatigue
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior

Bipolar Disorder
  • Also known as Manic depressive disorder.
  • Manic phase For many people, signs and symptoms
    in the manic phase may include
  • Feelings of euphoria, extreme optimism and
    inflated self-esteem
  • Rapid speech, racing thoughts, agitation and
    increased physical activity
  • Poor judgment
  • Recklessness or taking chances not normally taken
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Tendency to be easily distracted
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Aggressive behavior

Bipolar Disorder continued
  • Depressive phase In the depressive phase, signs
    and symptoms include
  • Persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, guilt or
  • Disturbances in sleep and appetite
  • Fatigue and loss of interest in daily activities
  • Problems concentrating
  • Irritability
  • Chronic pain without a known cause
  • Recurring thoughts of suicide

Eating Disorders
  • An eating disorder is a complex compulsion to
    eat, or not eat, in a way which disturbs physical
    and mental health.

2 Major Types of EDs
  • Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric diagnosis that
    describes an eating disorder characterized by low
    body weight and body image distortion with an
    obsessive fear of gaining weight.
  • Individuals with anorexia often
  • control body weight by voluntary
  • starvation, purging, vomiting, excessive
  • exercise, or other weight control
  • measures, such as diet pills or diuretic drugs.

2. Bulimia nervosa
  • It is a psychological condition in which the
    subject engages in recurrent binge eating
    followed by intentional purging.
  • This purging is done in order to compensate for
    the excessive intake of food, usually to prevent
    weight gain. Purging can take the form of
    vomiting inappropriate use of laxatives, enemas,

Conduct Disorder
  • A pattern of behavior in
  • which the rights of others or
  • basic social rules are violated
  • Ex. Lying, theft, aggression, violence, truancy,
    arson, and
  • vandalism.
  • Although these people project an image of
    toughness it is usually caused by a sense of
    Low-self esteem

  • is a chronic and often debilitating mental
    illness. The condition can cause you to withdraw
    from the people and activities in the world
    around you and to retreat into a world of
    delusions or separate reality

  • Delusions personal beliefs not based in
    reality, such as paranoia that you're being
    persecuted or conspired against
  • Bizarre delusions for example, a belief in
    Martians controlling your thoughts
  • Hallucinations sensing things that don't exist,
    such as imaginary voices
  • Social isolation

Personality Disorders
  • Antisocial PDis a psychiatric condition
    characterized by an individual's common disregard
    for social rules, norms, and cultural codes, as
    well as impulsive behavior, and indifference to
    the rights and feelings of others.
    Impulsiveness, Lack of remorse for hurting
    others, aggressive
  • Borderline PDexperience a series of troubled
    relationships. Engage in high risk activities,
    and have low self-esteem.
  • Passive-aggressive PDUncooperative, resists
    being told what to do, yet rely on other
  • For example, people who are P-A might take so
    long to get ready for a party they do not wish to
    attend, that the party is nearly over by the time
    they arrive.

Discussion Groups
  • List some reason why eating disorders affect
    females more so than males.
  • Body shapes-
  • 2. Myth or Fact
  • The lives of people with Mental Illness lives are
    completely different than others.
  • Explain/List