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The Civil War

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The Civil War Union: President Abe Lincoln Generals Grant, McClellan, Sherman Confederacy: President Jefferson Davis Generals Lee, Jackson – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Civil War


1
The Civil War
  • Union President Abe Lincoln
  • Generals Grant, McClellan, Sherman
  • Confederacy President Jefferson Davis
  • Generals Lee, Jackson

2
Secession 1860
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president
  • Soon after, South Carolina seceded from the Union
  • Six others followed Mississippi, Florida,
    Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and TEXAS
  • Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware and Maryland had
    slavery, but stayed in the United States

3
Secession
  • Soon, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, and
    Virginia joined the Confederate States of America

4

5
First Shots Ft. Sumter
  • On April 12, the Rebel, or Confederate, troops
    fired the first shots on Yankee, or Union, troops
    stationed at Fort Sumter, South Carolina
  • The Civil War had begun!
  • Over the next four years, 600,000 Americans would
    die

6
Their Names
  • Name the 3 names for the South army
  • Confederacy
  • Rebel
  • South
  • Name the 3 names for the North army
  • Union
  • Yankees
  • North

7
Advantages
Union Advantages Confederate Advantages
Population More Soldiers Better General
More Supplies Better Knowledge of the Land
Inspired by the loss of men Inspired to win
War did not take place at their home
8
First Manassas/First Bull Run
  • July 21, 1861 The First Battle of Bull Run
    (Union name) or First Manassas (Southern name),
    fought just outside Washington D.C.
  • Northerners took picnic lunches to a hill
    overlooking the battlefield, thinking the Union
    would win very quickly
  • Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson led
    Confederate soldiers to drive back the Union
    troops and claimed victory

9
First Manassas
  • The Confederate troops could have kept on and
    captured Washington D.C., but they stopped to
    celebrate the victory

10
The Anaconda Plan The Unions plan for winning
the war
  1. Blockade Southern Ports cut off trade of cotton
    and delivery of supplies
  2. Control the Mississippi River this would cut
    the Confederacy in two (Texas and Louisiana would
    be cut off from everyone)
  3. Capture the capital of Richmond, VA and force
    the government to surrender
  4. Squeeze and trap the Confederate army from the
    West and the North (see map)

11
Anaconda Plan to take over Confederacy

12
Battle of Antietam (Maryland)
  • Sept. 17, 1861, Confederate General Robert E. Lee
    wanted to cut off Washington D.C. from the rest
    of the Union
  • This was one of only 2 battles fought in North,
    and the bloodiest one day battle on the war
  • Neither side won, but Lee had to retreat to
    protect his supply lines down south

13
Predict.
  • What are your predictions for the following?
    Explain.
  • What will happen to/in the North?
  • What will happen to/in the South?
  • How will this war effect the economic/social/polit
    ical/environmentalfuture of the United States?

14
Emancipation Proclamation
  • Early in 1863, in the middle of fighting, Lincoln
    issued the Emancipation Proclamation
  • This document freed the slaves
  • in the Confederacy

15
Turning Point Vicksburg
  • Vicksburg, Mississippi was the major point in
    controlling the Mississippi River, very important
    for the Confederacy
  • May 22, 1863 Unions Gen. Grant laid siege to
    the city for months, but the Confederates
    wouldnt give up
  • The Rebel army were starving and forced to eat
    rats, and melted down everything to make bullets
    and cannonballs
  • July 4, 1863 Confederates surrendered, and the
    Union controlled the Mississippi

16
The Confederates Alamo
  • Just like the Battle of the Alamo, the army at
    Vicksburg held off a bigger army, this time for
    more than a month

17
Turning Point Gettysburg
  • While Vicksburg was falling, Gen. Robert E. Lee
    wanted to attack the North in Gettysburg,
    Pennsylvania
  • Lee sent wave after wave of soldiers at the
    Union, but kept getting shot down
  • 52,000 men were killed over 3 days
  • The beginning of the end for the Confederacy
    they lost their best and brightest in Vicksburg
    and Gettysburg, and would never again attack the
    North

18
The fall of Atlanta
  • While fighting was going on in Virginia, Union
    general William T. Sherman marched through the
    state of Georgia and took over the biggest
    Confederate city, Atlanta

19
Richmond, VA vs. Washington D.C.
  • In 1864, Unions Grant and Confederates Lee
    fought fiercely, mostly in the 90 miles between
    these two capital cities
  • After a year long siege of Virginia, Grant
    captured and burned Confederate capital of
    Richmond, VA (March, 1865)
  • The Rebels had little chance of winning
  • They were running out of food, weapons,
    ammunition, and medicine for the wounded

20
Appomattox Courthouse END!
  • After Richmond, VA fell, Robert E. Lee and his
    soldiers fled to the mountains
  • On April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Courthouse in
    Virginia, General Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant

21
Lincoln Assassinated
  • During the war there were many attempts on his
    life
  • On April 15th, 1865, while he was at a play,
    John Wilkes Booth was finally successful

22
Last Battle of the Civil War
  • The last battle of the Civil War was fought at
    Palmito Ranch, Texas on May 12, 1865
  • This was one month after Lee surrendered at
    Appomattox and the war ended
  • Confederates won!
  • But it didnt count

23
Reflection
  • What was Lincolns role throughout the war? Be
    specific.
  • Give examples of how each side suffered
    economically and socially.
  • What should the United States do to recover from
    this war?
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