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Title: Early%20American%20Modern%20Dance


1
Early American Modern Dance
2
Why Modern Dance?
  • 1900s-1920s
  • The world is changing with mass numbers
    immigrating to the US.
  • WWI, The Stock Market Crash, The Great
    Depression, Population Growth
  • WWI-mass killing (7 million people world wide)

3
Why Modern Dance?
  • Urbanization- cities becoming more and more
    crowded. Extremes between the poor and rich.
  • Industrialization- Factories and the production
    line. Small menial tasks, repetitive- loss of
    identity

4
Why Modern Dance?
  • Ballet becoming more elaborate with sets and
    costumes.
  • Dance has become entertainment as opposed to
    art.
  • Art begins to speak about real things.
  • nature, tragedy, ugliness

5
Loie Fuller1862-1928
  • Began as a skirt dancer
  • Interest in lights, colors, angles
  • Experiments with chemical dyes to creates light
    gels
  • Famous in Paris- La Loie
  • Owns patents on light gels and dyes

6
Loie Fuller
  • Fuller began her theatrical career as a
    professional child actress and later
    choreographed and performed dances as a skirt
    dancer in vaudeville, and circus shows.

7
Loie Fuller
  • An early free dance practitioner, Fuller
    developed her own natural movement and
    improvisation techniques. Fuller combined her
    choreography with silk costumes illuminated by
    multi-coloured lighting of her own design.

8
Loie Fuller
  • Although Fuller became famous in America through
    works such as Serpentine Dance (1891), she felt
    that she was not taken seriously by the public
    who still thought of her as an actress. Her warm
    reception in Paris during a European tour
    persuaded Fuller to remain in France and continue
    her work. A regular performer at the Folies
    Bergere with works such as Fire Dance, Fuller
    became the embodiment of the Art Noveau movement.
    Her Serpentine Dance was filmed in 1896 by the
    pioneering film-makers Auguste and Louis Lumiere.

9
Loie Fuller
  • Fuller's pioneering work attracted the
    attention, respect, and friendship of many French
    artists and scientists.

10
Loie Fuller
  • Fuller held many patents related to stage
    lighting including chemical compounds for
    creating color and the use of chemical salts for
    luminescent lighting and garments

11
Loie Fuller
  • Loie Fuller's original stage name was "Louie".In
    modern French "L'ouie" is the word for a sense of
    hearing. When Fuller reached Paris she gained a
    nickname which was a pun on "Louie"/"L'ouie". She
    was renamed "Loïe" - this nickname is a
    corruption of the early or Medieval French
    "L'oïe", a precursor to "L'ouie", which means
    "receptiveness" or "understanding".

12
Loie Fuller
  • Fuller is responsible for the European tours of
    the early modern dancers (she was the first
    American modern dancer to perform in Europe),
    introducing Isadora Duncan to Parisian audiences
    and developing the acceptance of modern dance as
    a serious art form.

13
Isadora Duncan1877-1927
  • Dancer, adventurer, revolutionist, ardent
    defender of the poetic spirit, Isadora Duncan has
    been one of the most enduring influences on 20th
    century culture. Ironically, the very magnitude
    of her achievements as an artist, as well as the
    sheer excitement and tradgedy of her life, have
    tended to dim our awareness of the originality,
    depth and boldness of her thought.

14
Isadora Duncan
  • Mother of Modern Dance
  • Female freedom
  • Nature and natural movements
  • Inspired by the Greek culture
  • Barre Legged, Barre Foot
  • Isadorables

15
Isadora Duncan
  • Isadora was a thinker as well as poet, gifted
    with a lively poetic imagination, a radical
    defiance of "Things as they are," and the ability
    to express her ideas with verve and humor. To
    best understand Isadora, she was a theorist of
    dance, a critic of modern society, culture,
    education and a champion of the struggles for
    women's rights, social revolution and the
    realization of poetry in everyday life.

16
Isadora Duncan
  • Virtually alone, Isadora restored dance to a
    high place among the arts. Breaking with
    convention, Isadora traced the art of dance back
    to its roots as a sacred art.

17
Isadora Duncan
  • She developed within this idea, free and natural
    movements inspired by the classical Greek arts,
    folk dances, social dances, nature and natural
    forces as well as an approach to the new American
    athleticism which included skipping, running,
    jumping, leaping, tossing.

18
Isadora Duncan
  • With free-flowing costumes, bare feet and loose
    hair, Duncan restored dancing to a new vitality
    using the solar plexus and the torso as the
    generating force for all movements to follow. Her
    celebrated simplicity was oceanic in depth -- and
    Isadora is credited with inventing what later
    came to be known as Modern Dance.

19
Ruth St. Denis1879-1968
20
Ruth St. Denis
  • Inspiration for new dance and drama techniques
    came from her studies of Egyptian goddesses
  • Traveled Europe performing her "Dance
    Translations"
  • Married Ted Shawn in 1914
  • Taught the idea of "music visualization" and the
    Denishawn studio in Hollywood for many years

21
Ruth St. Denis
  • Her early works are indicative of her interests
    in exotic mysticism and spirituality

22
Ruth St. Denis
  • By 1905, St. Denis began a career as a solo
    artist. She had designed an elaborate and exotic
    costume and a series of steps telling the story
    of a mortal maid who was loved by the god
    Krishna. Entitled "Radha," this solo dance (was
    an attempt to translate St. Denis' understanding
    of Indian culture and mythology to the American
    dance stage.

23
Ted Shawn21 October 1891 9 January, 1972
  • Got into dance because of a physical disorder
    (diptheria) at the age of 19
  • Personal dance instructor to Martha Graham
  • Founded the Jacob's Pillow dance school

24
Ted Shawn
  • Founded the dance troupe "Ted Shawn and His Men
    Dancers"
  • Appeared in one of the first dance films ever
    made (Dances of the Ages)
  • First American man to gain a world-wide
    reputation for the art of dance

25
Denishawn
  • First professional dance studio and company in
    America
  • Established by Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn
  • Focused on ballet, ethnic dances, music, and
    other art forms

26
Denishawn
  • Star students included Martha Graham, Doris
    Humphrey and Charles Weidman
  • First located in Los Angeles

27
Locomotor Movements
  • Movements that travel through from one point in
    space to another
  • Walk
  • Run
  • Jump
  • Skip
  • Hop
  • Slide
  • Gallop
  • Leap

28
Movement Elements
  • Time- An idea that helps us to organize movement.
    It can be thought of musically or internally.
  • Shape- The form or forms made by the body while
    sill or in motion

29
Movement Elements
  • Space- Unlimited area in which movement can occur
    that extends in all directions.
  • Force- Quality of a movement. Force equals energy.

30
Ways to Alter Movement
  • Time- Fast, Slow, Rhythm
  • Shape- Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Curved, Angular
  • Space- Direction, Level, Floor Pattern
  • Force- Strong, Weak, Sharp, Smooth, Shaking,
    Swinging

31
Sources
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loie_Fuller
  • http//www.kelseyjolarson.com/marthagraham/denisha
    wn.htm
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Shawn
  • http//www.isadoraduncan.org/About_Isadora/about_i
    sadora.html
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