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CONTENTS Interesting facts about different orders of insects Coleoptera: (Beetles; lady bird, goliath, hercules, dung, tiger, firefly ) Hemiptera: (Bugs; Assassin ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CONTENTS


1
CONTENTS
  • Interesting facts about different orders of
    insects
  • Coleoptera (Beetles lady bird, goliath,
    hercules, dung, tiger, firefly )
  • Hemiptera (Bugs Assassin bug )
  • Homoptera (Cicadas)
  • Lepidoptera (Butterfly, Moths )
  • Hymenoptera (Wasps, Ants, Bees)
  • Isoptera (termites)
  • Mantodea (Praying mantis )
  • Blattodea (Cockroach )
  • Orthoptera (Grasshopper, Cricket )
  • Diptera (House fly, Bot fly, Mosquito )
  • Odonata (Dragonfly )
  • Phasmatodea (Jungle nymph stick, walking stick )
  • Siphonaptera (Flea )
  • Strepsiptera (Twisted wing parasite )

2
BEETLES (coleoptera)
3
Ladybug (Coccinellidae)
Beetles
  • Beetles taste like apples(40)
  • The metallic-colored wing covers of some beetles
    are used for jewelry.(2)
  • Not bugs.
  • The Ladybird Beetle.(6)
  • Eats bad insects called aphids. (1)
  • They may even produce a foul-smelling odor from a
    fluid from joints in their legs.(27)

4
  • When threatened, ladybugs "play dead. (27)
  • They are named after the Virgin Mary. 'Our Lady',
    who wore a red cloak in old paintings. The 7
    spots are supposed to remind us of the 7 joys and
    the 7 sorrows.(27)
  • In many countries, ladybugs are considered to be
    good luck.(27)
  • During hibernation, ladybugs feed on their stored
    fat.

5
Goliath beetle (Scarabaeidae)
  • The biggest and the heaviest bug in the world.
  • which can weigh up to 3.5 ounces and be 4.5
    inches long, A big male can weigh up to 100
    grams.(2)
  • Goliath beetles can be kept as pets, just feed
    them dog food.(38)

Hercules beetle (Scarabaeidae)
  • Strongest animal on earth

6
Dung Beetles (Scarabaeidae)
  • The female lays a single egg into each ball of
    dung and then covers the nest with more dung and
    soil.(16)
  • In ancient Egypt it was the most important
    religious symbol.
  • Without dung beetles, the earth would be piled
    high with manure.
  • It can use polarized moonlight at night to
    navigate the way as it rolls a dung ball to a
    safe spot away from the pile.

7
  • With a moon, the beetles rolled their dung balls
    away in a straight line. This is the most
    efficient path.
  • Without a moon, the beetles could not roll the
    ball in a straight line. (16)

8
Tiger beetle (Carabidae)
  • Voracious predatory sun-loving insects. (32)
  • These have a speed of 25 miles per hour in short
    bursts making them the fastest land insects in
    the world
  • If they chase prey at high speeds, they'll go
    blind.
  • Tiger beetles stop-and-go in their pursuit of
    prey.
  • "If the tiger beetles move too quickly, they
    don't gather enough photons to form an image of
    their prey,. (32)

9
Firefly (Lampyridae)
  • Fireflies are also called Lightning Bugs. (24)
  • Fireflies are soft bodied beetles
  • On the underside of the abdomen it have special
    light organs that glows in luminous flashes.
  • Fireflies Use Aggressive Mimicry
  • Recent evidence also suggests that these female
    mimics are not only acquiring food but also
    defensive chemicals from their prey, which they
    themselves do not produce in large quantities.
    (24)

10
  • The taillight contains two rare chemicals,
  • 1. Luciferin, a heat resistant substrate, is the
    source of light
  • Luciferase, an enzyme,
  • Oxygen is the fuel. A body chemical, ATP converts
    to energy and causes the Luciferin-luciferase
    mixture to light up.
  • As all living cells contain ATP in a rather
    constant concentration, injection of the
    firefly's chemicals quickly detects energy
    problems in human cells.

11
  • The firefly technique is used to study heart
    disease, muscular dystrophy, urology, antibiotic
    testing, waste water treatment, environmental
    protection and diagnosis of hypothermia in swine.
  • Special electronic detectors, using firefly
    chemicals, have been placed in spacecrafts to
    look for earth-life forms in outer space. (25)

12
BUGS (Hemiptera)

13

Assassin bug (Reduviidae)
  • They get their name because of the speed that
    they have to grab and poison their prey.
  • The saliva of the assassin bug starts to work
    almost immediately. Cockroaches die in only 3 or
    4 seconds.
  • Assassin bugs also transmit a parasite to man
    that causes Chagas disease.
  • Assassin bugs, known as "kissing bugs,
  • Kissing bugs can be the source of nocturnal
    dermatologic wounds in the mid to southern
    latitudes in the United States. (8)

14
CICADAS
(Homoptera)
15
CICADA
  • Cicadas are also called harvest flies or
    locusts(54)
  • Actually they are not locusts(56)
  • The male cicada makes the loudest sound in the
    insect world
  • After the adults have mated both will die.
  • "Music boxes" at the base of the abdomen have no
    cover and its eyes and the principal veins of the
    wings are red.
  • The sudden appearance of the adults in large
    numbers has been supposed to foretell war.(54)

16
BUTTERFLIY (Lepidoptera)
17
Butterflies
  • They get their name from the yellow brimstone
    butterfly of Europe
  • First seen in the early spring or "butter" season
  • Taste sensors are located below their feet.
  • The color is produced prism-like by light
    reflected by their transparent wing scales.
  • A butterfly has to have a body temperature
    greater than 86 degrees to be able to fly.
  • A butterfly can see the colors red, green, and
    yellow.(5)

18

Queen Alexandra butterflies (Papilionidae)
  • The largest butterfly is the Queen Alexandra's
    birdwing butterfly from Papua New Guinea.
  • The wingspan of the butterfly can reach to be
    almost one foot or larger than 26 cm. (5)

19
Monarch butterfly (Nymphalidae)
  • The fastest flying butterfly which has been
    clocked with a speed as high as 17 miles/hr. (5)
  • During migration they mate and lay eggs along the
    way and at their landing place. (1)
  • Lay eggs on the milkweed. The larvae eat the
    milkweed.
  • Monarch caterpillars shed their skin four times
    before they become a chrysalis.(4)

20
MOTH
(Lepidoptera)
21

Night butterflies
  • It has ears on their wings to avoid bats.(5)

Atlas Moth
(Saturniidae)
  • The atlas moth one of the largest silk moths, can
    be mistaken for a medium-sized bat when
    flying.(2)

Sphinx Moths (Sphingidae)
  • It has impressive speed and sometimes seem almost
    birdlike(37)

22

WASP (Hymenoptera)
23

Wasp
  • Wasps taste like pine nuts. (40)

Tarantula wasps ( Pompilidae)
  • It paralyzes tarantulas and lay a single egg on
    the still living spider when the egg hatches,
    the wasp larva has fresh food.
  • Tarantula has eight eyes but it can not tell
    light from dark and it is also deaf. (21)


24
ANTS
(Hymenoptera)
25
Ants
  • Ants can carry objects that weight 100 times the
    weight of their own body.(2)
  • Colony of 40,000 ants has collectively the same
    size brain as a human.
  • Ant brains are largest amongst insects.
  • An ant's brain may have the same processing
    power as a Macintosh II computer.
  • Some ants sleep seven hours a day.
  • The abdomen of the ant contains two stomachs.
  • The sense of smell of an ant is just as good as a
    dog's is.(18)

26
  • Some birds put ants in their feathers because the
    ants squirt formic acid which gets rid of the
    parasites.
  • The ant, when intoxicated, will always fall over
    to its right side.(41)
  • Ants really produce antifreeze agents(49)
  • One kind of ant is like a dairy farmer. He keeps
    little "cows" called aphids. In the winter, these
    ants carry aphids into their nests and care for
    them. In the spring, the aphids are placed on
    plants, where they feed.

27
  • When ants rub the bodies of the aphids a sweet
    liquid comes out, which the ants drink.(50)
  • When they are not working, they spend much of
    their tine making themselves neat.
  • They cannot bear anything dead around. If an
    insect dies near their hone, a large number of
    them gather together to push the body out of the
    way.(51)

28

Army ants (formicidae)
  • Animals the size of horses being overwhelmed and
    shredded by them.(7)

Slave-maker ant (formicidae)
  • The Slave-Maker Ant steals the pupae of other
    ants. When these new ants hatch, they work as
    slaves within the colony.

29
Carpenter ant (formicidae)
  • In the Mediterranean, ants are used by surgeons
    to close incisions they are made to bite
    together an open wound, and then their heads are
    severed from their bodies. Their jaws will remain
    locked until the incision heals.(43)
  • These ants are known as carpenter ants because
    they house their colonies in galleries they
    excavate in wood. Carpenter ants do not eat the
    wood.(4)

30
Tree ants (formicidae)
  • They build the traps from tree fibers reinforced
    with fungus.
  • When an unsuspecting insect encounters the trap,
    the ants emerge from hiding underneath and pull
    the preys legs to immobilize them. Then they
    dismember the victim and carry the parts off to
    the colony.(38)

31
BEES
(Hymenoptera)
32
HoneyBees (Apidae)
  • Bees possess five eyes.
  • Honeybees can perceive movements that are
    separated by 1/300th of a second. Humans can only
    sense movements separated by 1/50th of a second.
    Were a bee to enter a cinema, it would be able to
    differentiate each individual movie frame being
    projected.
  • Bees cannot recognize the color red.
  • Honeybees are the only insects that produce food
    for humans.
  • About 8 pounds of honey is eaten by bees to
    produce 1 pound of bee wax.

33
  • The average hive temperature is 93.5 degrees.
  • One single bee usually visits between 50-1000
    flowers a day
  • Honeybees have hair on their eyes.
  • The brain of the honeybee is superior to the
    supercomputer computer by several orders of
    magnitude.  The supercomputer can compute at the
    rate of one billion computations per second. The
    honeybee's brain can compute one billion
    computations in 1/1000 of a second.(47)

34
  • In the course of her lifetime, a worker bee will
    produce 1/12th of a teaspoon of honey.
  • To produce 2 pounds of honey, bees travel a
    distance equal to 4 times around the earth.(9)
  • The energy in one ounce of honey would provide
    one bee with enough energy to fly around the
    world.(9)

35

Africanized honey bee (Apidae)
  • The most dangerous bee of all.
  • The reason for this is that when these bees
    attack, they attack in swarms.
  • Their venom is not any deadlier than other bees,
    but, since they attack in swarms, more stings are
    received.
  • Africanized Honey Bees (killer bees) will pursue
    an enemy 1/4 mile or more.(9,39)

36
TERMITE(Isoptera)
37
Termites
  • Lots of people eat termites, winged termites are
    very nutritious ,but when lightly fried,
    reasonably tasty.
  • Termites are important in the diets of many ants,
    lizards, birds, and are also eaten by lions and
    gorillas(44)
  • Wood eating termites, cannot digest cellulose! So
    they have flagellates in their intestine. These
    tiny flagellates make enzymes that break down the
    cellulose of wood and also supply protein. They
    digest the wood for the termite.(52)

38
PRAYING MANTIS
(Mantids/ Mantodea)
39
Praying mantis
  • The female is green and the male is brown. The
    female mantis will consume the male after they
    mate.
  • Some farmers use praying mantis instead of
    chemicals to control pests in their crops. (1)
  • Praying mantids are among the few insects which
    can rotate their heads so they can literally look
    over their shoulders, making them extremely
    effective predators.
  • The mantids sheds its skin twelve times before it
    is full grown.(48)

40
COCHROACH (Blattodea)

41
COCHROACH
  • Cockroaches could be used to place surveillance
    devices in military installations (11)
  • Scientists have actually performed brain surgery
    on cockroaches.(19)
  • A cockroach can change directions up to 25 times
    in a second.
  • If a cockroach breaks a leg it can grow another
    one.
  • The earliest fossil cockroach is about 280
    million years old 80 million years older than
    the first dinosaurs!

42
  • Cockroach can live up to nine days without its
    head
  • German cockroaches can survive for up to one
    month without food and two weeks without water.
    (19)
  • Some female cockroaches mate once and are
    pregnant for the rest of their lives (bummer).
    (12)
  • Cockroaches can run up to three miles in an
    hour.(13)
  • The world's largest roach (which lives in South
    America) is six inches long with a one-foot
    wingspan. (12)

43
Madagascar hissing cockroach (Blaberidae)
  • large, wingless cockroach from Madagascar. (11)
  • Hissing plays an important role during male-male
    inter- actions.
  • It is one of the few insects who give birth to
    live young, rather than laying eggs
  • Sailors on infested ships have been known to wear
    gloves on their hands while asleep to keep the
    roaches from gnawing off their fingernails.(45)

44
Cockroaches and The Bomb
  • During a nuclear war we die but they live
    Because cockroaches can tolerate a much higher
    dose of rems. The lethal dose for the German
    cockroach it is between 90,000 and 105,000 rems.
  • In truth the amount of radiation that cockroaches
    can withstand is equivalent to that of a
    thermonuclear explosion.

45
GRASSHOPPER (Orthoptera)
46
Grasshopper
  • A more attractive feature of some grasshoppers is
    their ability to sing. It's the males that sing.
    (26)
  • Grasshoppers can jump 40 times the length of
    their body.(2)
  • They can jump on earth in proportion to their
    size.(34)
  • Short horned grasshoppers have ears in the sides
    of the abdomen. Long-horned grasshoppers have
    ears in the knee-joints of their front legs. (26)
  • Grasshoppers can draw blood with a kick.(33)

47
CRICKET (Orthoptera)
48
Cricket
  • Crickets have ears in the knee-joints of their
    front legs. (26)
  • chirping noise is produced by rubbing its
    forewings together.
  • The higher the air temperature the greater number
    of chirps it generates per minutes.(17)
  • Crickets are good temperature reader.(26)
  • Some crickets are intelligent, they make a
    conical-shaped hole that help amplify the sound
    of their chirps allowing it to be heard as far as
    2,000 feet away.

49
Locusts (Orthoptera)
  • Locusts can eat their own weight in food in a
    day.(4)


50
FLIES
( Diptera)


51
House fly (Muscidae)
  • A house fly's feet are 10 million times more
    sensitive than a humans tongue . Flies can
    "taste" with their feet(2)
  • Hairy and sticky toe pads.(23)
  • Carry and Transmit more diseases than any other
    animal in the world
  • The house fly "hums" in the key of F


52

Bot Fly

(Oestridae)
  • They have delightfully descriptive names like
    Horse Stomach Bot Fly, Human Bot Fly.
  • Human Bot Fly larvae, burrowing into your brain
    and eating your thoughts. (55)

53
MOSQUITO
( Diptera)
54
MOSQUITO
  • Biting activity increase by 500 times when there
    is a full moon.(30)
  • Mosquitoes dislike citronella because it
    irritates their feet.(36)
  • The itch from a mosquito bite can be soothed by
    cutting open a clove of garlic and rubbing it on
    the bite.(36)
  • Mosquitoes are attracted to the color blue more
    than any other color.(36)
  • A mosquito can detect a moving target at 18 ft
    away.

55
  • Mosquitoes find new hosts by sight (they observe
    movement) by detecting infra-red radiation
    emitted by warm bodies and by chemical signals
    (mosquitoes are attracted to carbon dioxide and
    lactic acid, among other chemicals).
  • HIV virus responsible for the AIDS infection is
    regarded as food to the mosquito and is digested
    along with the blood meal.
  • The average mosquito has 47 teeth (33)
  • They cant survive at temperatures of 50 degrees
    and below(42)

56
DRAGONFLY
(Odonata)
57
Dragonfly
  • Fastest known insect is a dragon fly that has
    been clocked at 58 kilometers an hour.(2)
  • Dragonflies can fly both forward and
    backward.(39)
  • They have two sets of wings. They dont have to
    beat their wings in unison. Their front wings can
    be going up while their backs ones are going
    down.
  • Names for dragonflies around the world are Old
    Glassy from China, Water Dipper from England.(46)

58

Jungle Nymph Stick (order- Phasmida)
  • The Jungle Nymph Stick is one of the heaviest
    insects.
  • In Malaysia they are often kept by people who
    feed them guava leaves and use the droppings to
    make tea. (2)

59

WALKING STICK (order-Phasmida)
  • The eggs of walking stick insects are among the
    largest in the insect world.
  • Some eggs are more than eight millimeters long.
  • Longest insect that can reach a length of 33
    centimetres.(2)

60
Flea
(order- Siphonaptera)
Flea can jump 150 times its size. That is the
same as a person able to jump up 1,000 feet in
the air. Most fleas do not live past a year old
(36)
Japanese Giant Hornet
(order-Hymenoptera) (Family-Vespidae)
  • It has the size of your thumb and it can spray
    flesh-melting poison. it eats the bees

61

TWISTED-WING PARASITE
(order- Strepsiptera)
  • The larval stage parasite will climb a flower
    and wait for an insect pollinator.
  • Burrow into bee's body, and change into a
    second-stage larva.
  • An adult male parasite will emerge from the host
    and search for a mate
  • He never develops a mouth.
  • The adult female remains in the hosts body for
    the rest of her life,
  • Never growing legs or wings.
  • She mates by pushing only her reproductive
    organs outside of the bees body! Her offspring
    will emerge and look for new hosts.(38)

62
SUMMARY
63
ANY ?
64
THANX FOR YOUR ATTENTION
65
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