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13 English Colonies

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Title: Middle and Southern Colonies Author: joshua ryan buckley Last modified by: mrfst Created Date: 8/24/2007 1:07:47 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 13 English Colonies


1
13 English Colonies
  • Warm Up
  • Compare and contrast the reasons for settlement
    of Jamestown and Plymouth

2
Map Activity
  • Label the 13 colonies.
  • Color the middle colonies one color, New England
    colonies a different color, and southern colonies
    another color.

3
The Thirteen Colonies
New England Middle Southern
Massachusetts New Hampshire Connecticut Rhode Island New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
4
Notebook
  • 1  Notebook Title Page
  • 2  Unit One Title Page
  • 3  Unit One Warm ups
  • 4  Why History
  • 5  Prehistoric Cultures Book Notes
  • 6  Explorers Notes
  • 7 Colonies Map             
  • 8 Important People of the New World
  • 9 Early English Colonies
  • 10 ACAPS Notes             
  • 11 Puritans  vs Pilgrims
  • 12 Thirteen Colonies Map
  • 13 Thirteen Colonies Notes

5
13 English Colonies
  • Split into 3 Regions
  • New England
  • Middle
  • Southern

6
Colonial Regions
Climate Resources Social Class
NE Long winter, short growing season Rocky soil, good fishing grounds Middle class
Middle Short winters Larger farms, cash crops of grain Poor, middle class
Southern Warm, year-round growing season Plantation, limited cash crops Rich noble families, poor, indentured servants
7
What shaped us?
  • Space We had bunches of it.
  • Wilderness Not in Europe. Allowed us to have a
    different mind set of how to live.
  • Newness No history, no stuffy traditions that
    have to be followed.
  • Isolation We were far away from Europe.

8
Middle and Southern Colonies
  • Continue notes on 13

9
New England
10
  • Colonies Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode
    Island New Hampshire
  • Religion Puritans wanted to purify the
    church. Separatists (Pilgrims) wanted to
    move away.
  • Industries Fishing, whaling, lumber, fur
  • Agriculture Subsistence farming
  • Society Began as church run and evolved into
    a gov. run. Lots of religion.

11
A. Charles II and New Colonization
  • Proprietary Colonies
  • Charles II owed people favors for helping him
    during a civil war
  • Starts Proprietary Colonies grants of land to
    loyal friends
  • They would own the land and control the Colonial
    Government

12
B. Middle Colonies
  • New York (1674)
  • Charles II gives the land to his brother
  • Land was already claimed by the Dutch (New
    Netherlands)
  • NN becomes NY after English take it
  • No Representative Government

13
  • New Jersey
  • Was part of NY
  • Charles IIs brother, James, gives it to loyal
    friends
  • No Representative Government

14
  • Pennsylvania (1682)
  • Quakers settle in Penn
  • Believed in tolerance and equality
  • Set up a colony that tolerated various religious
    beliefs
  • Amish, Mennonites, and French Protestants came
  • William Penn was the sole ruler until 1701, when
    he sets up a representative government

15
  • 4. Delaware
  • 1638 small colony of Swedes settle there
  • Later the colony was seized by England.
  • William Penn becomes the proprietor of an area
    along the Delaware River and bay.
  • Later became the colony of Delaware.

16
  • Colonies New York, New Jersey, Delaware,
    and Pennsylvania
  • Religion Mostly Protestant (Germany) and
    Quakers in Penn.
  • Industries Harbors and rivers used for
    shipping. Cattle and pigs. Mills for
    grinding grain.
  • Agriculture Mostly grain Wheat, barley and
    rye.
  • Society Very tolerant. Leading city was
    Philadelphia. (Paved streets, fire
    department, library . . .)

17
C. Southern Colonies
  • Maryland (1632)
  • Set up as a haven for English Catholics being
    persecuted
  • Many Protestants came too, leading to clashes
  • 1649 Toleration Act is passed to protect the
    rights of all Christians to practice their
    religions

18
  • Carolinas
  • To attract settlers
  • Representative Government
  • Religious Toleration
  • Hoped to bring more people to the colony
  • Southern Carolina large land owners and slave
    labor
  • Northern Carolina small farmers not dependent on
    slave labor
  • 1729 King makes them 2 separate colonies, NC and
    SC

19
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20
  • Georgia
  • Started as a buffer colony between Spanish
    Florida and South Carolina
  • Debtors and poor crafts people were sent there
  • Trustees first controlled the colony
  • Set strict rules on land ownership, slavery, and
    personal behavior

21
  • Colonies Maryland, Virginia, N. Carolina,
    S. Carolina, Georgia
  • Religion Protestant No particular one.
  • Industries No real industries.
  • Agriculture Cash crops on plantations. Rice,
    tobacco, indigo, cotton. Once the
    nutrients were gone, move to a new field.
  • Society Plantations set up classes. Slaves
    at the bottom and large plantation owners at
    the top.

22
V. Colonial Governments
23
A. Steps Toward Self-Rule
  • English Citizens?
  • Colonists claimed they were and that they got all
    the rights enjoyed in England
  • But the English Bill of Rights did not extend to
    colonies
  • Self Government and Unity
  • Massachusetts coined its own money
  • United Colonies of New England/New England
    Confederation was also formed

24
B. Salutary Neglect
  • Parliament in England
  • Does not deal with colonial policy
  • Board of Trade
  • Set up to handle colonial policy
  • Did not rule colonies very strictly
  • Colonists sent agents to influence the board

25
  • What is Salutary Neglect?
  • Edmund Burke coins the phrase Salutary Neglect
  • Means that the colonists benefit from being left
    alone
  • Colonial Governments gain some independence
    because England is staying out of its business

26
C. Colonial Governments in 1700s
  • Elected Assemblies
  • Many colonists saw them as a right
  • Set them up like the English Parliament
  • 2 Houses Bicameral
  • Governors Council Upper House
  • Elected Assembly Lower House

27
  • Governors
  • On paper they had power but could not always back
    it up
  • Royal Colonies Governor chosen by the King
  • Proprietary Colonies Governor chosen by the
    Proprietor
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