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William Shakespeare Early Years

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William Shakespeare Early Years Born unknown exactly, probably around April 1564 in Stratford, England Parents John and Mary Shakespeare – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: William Shakespeare Early Years


1
William Shakespeare Early Years
  • Born unknown exactly, probably around April
    1564 in Stratford, England
  • Parents John and Mary Shakespeare
  • Fathers Occupation Glover
  • Parents had 8 children, 5 reached adulthood
  • Shakespeares education
  • Went to Stratford Grammar School
  • Taught primarily in Latin
  • Left school at age 13

2
  • Marriage
  • Anne Hathaway
  • Rumor has it she was pregnant
  • She was 26, he 18
  • Had 3 children, one died at age 11
  • The Lost Years
  • 1585-1592
  • No one knows what he did for sure
  • Some guesses are teacher, lawyer, soldier,
    sailor, preacher, and butcher

3
Literary Career
  • 1592 until close to 1613
  • Acted and wrote plays for the Lord Chamberlains
    Men and Kings Men in London
  • Wrote around 38 plays
  • Genres
  • Comedy, history, tragedy
  • Wrote Romeo and Juliet around 1595
  • Used 17,677 words in all his plays and poems.
  • of that number, 1,700 were first used by
    Shakespeare

4
Words Shakespeare Created
  • accommodation
  • aerial
  • amazement
  • apostrophe
  • assassination
  • baseless
  • bloody
  • bump
  • changeful
  • countless
  • courtship
  • critic
  • critical
  • dishearten
  • dislocate
  • dwindle
  • eventful
  • exposure
  • fitful
  • frugal
  • generous
  • gloomy
  • hurry
  • impartial
  • indistinguishable
  • lapse
  • laughable
  • lonely
  • majestic
  • misplaced
  • obscene
  • pious
  • premeditated
  • radiance
  • reliance
  • submerge
  • suspicious

5
Phrases Shakespeare Created
  • all that glitters isnt gold
  • break the ice
  • breathe ones last breath
  • catch a cold
  • disgraceful conduct
  • eat out of house and home
  • elbow room
  • fair play
  • green-eyed monster
  • heart of gold
  • heartsick
  • hot-blooded
  • housekeeping
  • it smells like heaven
  • its Greek to me
  • leapfrog
  • method in his madness
  • minds eye
  • naked truth
  • one fell swoop
  • pitched battle
  • to thine self be true
  • too much of a good thing
  • wearing ones heart on ones sleeve

6
Later Years
  • Performed his last play, Henry VIII in June
    1613
  • Went back to Stratford
  • 1616 died at the age of 52
  • Left wife second-best bed
  • Buried in Holy Trinity Church

7
Good friend for Jesus sake forbear, To dig the
dust enclosed here. Blessed be the man who
spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves
my bones.
8
Structure
  • Octagonal
  • Contained three main sections of the stage
  • Heavens
  • Above the stage
  • Where special effects happened
  • Earth
  • Stage where most of the action happened
  • Hell
  • Under the stage
  • Not a pleasant place to be!!!!

9
Heavens
Hut
Inner above
Inner below
Galleries
Trap door
Pit
Hell
Main Stage
Side balcony
10
Seating
  • Three rows of tiered seating
  • Cost between 3-5 pence including a cushion
  • Only the wealthy could afford these
  • The pits/penny seats
  • Commoner (aka groundlings)
  • People stood in the area around the stage

11
What was it like?
  • Flags on the hut announcing type of play
  • White comedy
  • Black tragedy
  • Red history
  • At 2 oclock, the plays would start
  • Audience
  • Noisy
  • Ate and drank then threw trash on ground or at
    the actors (if they were bad)
  • Bathrooms (aka a bucket) were where the
    groundlings stood

12
Actors
  • Considered thieves and liars
  • because they pretended to be what they were not
  • It was illegal to perform unless they were
    servants of a nobleman
  • masterless actors were whipped and had their
    right ear burned
  • Women were not allowed to act
  • adolescent boys would play girl parts
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